Alexander’s Conquests • Lead him Further East: • More interested in expanding the Empire than ruling it • Crosses the Indus River and defeats the Persians • Why is expansion East so important?
Alexander’s Legacy • United Greece • After his death, empire fell apart • Divided into 3 kingdoms • Macedon, Egypt, & Syria • Hellenism:Spread into Asia • Greek culture blended with Egyptian, Persian, & Indian influences • Alexander spread Greek technology and ideas throughout his empire • He brought to the Persians the Greek way of life • cities were placed on trade routes: goods b/w East & West
Lincoln Memorial BBC - Schools - Ancient Greece Theatre
Types of Columns… Doric Columns of the Parthenon
Balance, symmetry, harmony Showing the proportionate human form was of importance. Most famous sculptor: Phidias
Hellenism The East Meets The West
Alexandria, Egypt • Center of all Hellenistic culture. • Thriving commerce • Mixture of eastern/western cultures melded
Hellenistic Science & Tech • Astronomy: Aristarchus v. Ptolemy • Aristarchus = sun is 300x larger than Earth & heliocentric theory • Ptolemy = geocentric theory • Eratosthenes = circumference of earth is between 28-29,000 mi. Actual circumference is 24,860!
Hellenistic Mathematics • Geometry: Euclid • The Elements • Theorems/postulates are unchanged today! • Physics: Archimedes • 3.14…..... Importance? • Law of the lever • Compound pulley
Hellenistic Art • Qualities: Display emotion & action • Meant to commemorate heroes, honor gods. • Ordinary people served as inspiration too vs.