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Alexander’s Conquests

Alexander’s Conquests

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Alexander’s Conquests

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Presentation Transcript

  1. Alexander’s Conquests • Lead him Further East: • More interested in expanding the Empire than ruling it • Crosses the Indus River and defeats the Persians • Why is expansion East so important?

  2. Alexander’s Legacy • United Greece • After his death, empire fell apart • Divided into 3 kingdoms • Macedon, Egypt, & Syria • Hellenism:Spread into Asia • Greek culture blended with Egyptian, Persian, & Indian influences • Alexander spread Greek technology and ideas throughout his empire • He brought to the Persians the Greek way of life • cities were placed on trade routes: goods b/w East & West

  3. The Roman Coliseum has a strong Hellenistic influence.

  4. What buildings in the USA have a Hellenistic influence?

  5. Lincoln Memorial BBC - Schools - Ancient Greece Theatre

  6. Greek Culture

  7. Phidias’ Acropolis

  8. The Acropolis Today

  9. Classical Architecture

  10. Types of Columns… Doric Columns of the Parthenon

  11. Ionic columns Corinthian-style

  12. Classical Greek Art

  13. Balance, symmetry, harmony Showing the proportionate human form was of importance. Most famous sculptor: Phidias

  14. Greek Drama

  15. Theatre

  16. Hellenism The East Meets The West

  17. Alexandria, Egypt • Center of all Hellenistic culture. • Thriving commerce • Mixture of eastern/western cultures melded

  18. Hellenistic Science & Tech • Astronomy: Aristarchus v. Ptolemy • Aristarchus = sun is 300x larger than Earth & heliocentric theory • Ptolemy = geocentric theory • Eratosthenes = circumference of earth is between 28-29,000 mi. Actual circumference is 24,860!

  19. Hellenistic Mathematics • Geometry: Euclid • The Elements • Theorems/postulates are unchanged today! • Physics: Archimedes • 3.14…..... Importance? • Law of the lever • Compound pulley

  20. Hellenistic Art • Qualities: Display emotion & action • Meant to commemorate heroes, honor gods. • Ordinary people served as inspiration too vs.

  21. Hellenistic Art

  22. Hellenistic Art

  23. Hellenistic Art Cont’d vs.

  24. Classical or Hellenistic?