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Region One ESC Darlene Villafranca. What is Bullying?. Bullying is hurting, harming, or harassing others repeatedly and over time. WHERE DOES BULLYING OCCUR?. ( Facing the Schoolyard Bully: How to Raise an Assertive Child in an Aggressive World, Zarzour , 2000). Why P eople Bully.

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region one esc darlene villafranca
Region One ESC

Darlene Villafranca

what is bullying
What is Bullying?

Bullying is hurting, harming, or harassing others repeatedlyand over time.



(Facing the Schoolyard Bully: How to Raise an Assertive Child in an Aggressive World, Zarzour, 2000)

why p eople bully
Why People Bully

There are all kinds of reasons why young people bully others, either occasionally or often. Do any of these sound familiar to you?

  • Because I see others doing it;
  • Because it's what you do if you want to fit in;
  • Because it makes me feel, stronger, smarter, or better than the person I'm bullying;
  • Because it's one of the best ways to keep others from bullying me.

Factors in the Home Environment:

  • Family relationships of bullies tend to be troubled.
  • Parents of bullies are hostile, rejecting, & indifferent.
  • Parents frequently use punishment that is some
  • form of harsh power combined with violent
  • emotional outbursts (Olweus as cited by Curtner-Smith, 2000)
  • Most bullies have weak to nonexistent father figures (Berdondini & Smith as cited by Curtner-Smith)
A bully carries out negative actions on someone who has difficulty being able to defend himself/herself. The bully uses:
  • Physical Contact
  • Words
  • Indirect ways such as:
  • - Spreading rumors
  • - Excluding someone from a group
group bullying
Group Bullying

Bullying may also be a group phenomenon with particular characteristics. This means that there are a number of children and young people who may at times be involved in bullying, but who would NOT usually take the initiative themselves. These are called PASSIVE BULLIES, HENCHMEN OR BYSTANDERS. The group of passive bullies is quite mixed an may include uncertain or anxious students.

violence continuum
Violence Continuum
  • Shooting Someone with a Gun
  • Stabbing Someone
  • Flashing a Weapon
  • Hitting/Kicking
  • Shoving/Punching
  • Spitting/Pushing
  • Intimidation/Extortion
  • Stalking
  • Sexual Harassment
  • Damaging Property
  • Stealing
  • Taunting/Ridiculing
  • Name Calling
  • Threatening
  • Writing Graffiti
  • Staring/Leering
  • Gesturing
  • Starting Rumors/Gossiping
  • Eye Rolling

What do you tolerate?

Where do you draw the line?

What do you see at your campus?







Hate Crimes

To Reduce & Prevent Violence





Sexual harassment


Begin Here


Trash Talk


Put Downs

Reprinted by permission from CARE (Courtesy and Respect Empower), Jim Bryngelson, 1144 Henry Rd., Billings, MT. 59102. Phone: (40) 252-2835 Website:

two types of violence
Two Types of Violence

Peer/Victim Conflict:

  • Disagreements, misunderstanding and conflicting desires
  • Two or more students who are fairly equally matched in strength & power
  • Lack of conflict-resolution skills
  • Lack of anger management skills

What to Do:

  • Educative Response…Teach Skills, Remediate Skills, Assign Practice
  • Provide Mediation & Other Assistance Only If Needed

Bully/Victim Conflict:

  • Series of negative actions (violence) repeated over time
  • Are unequally matched in physical and emotional strength and power
  • Bullies..lack of connectedness and sensitivity to others
  • Victims..lack of assertiveness skills

What To Do:

  • Re-establish Norm…it is not okay to bully
  • Adult Sanctions
  • Consequence Plan
does it have to be a part of growing up
Does it have to be a part of growing up?


Each and every person has the right to feel safe in his/her life and good about themselves.

the effects of bullying
The Effects of Bullying
  • Too often, people just don't take bullying seriously - until something serious happens.
  • It happens a lot more than some people think. Studies show that between 15-25% of U.S. students are bullied with some frequency, while 15-20% report they bully others with some frequency
  • (Melton et al, 1988; Nansel et al, 2001).
effects of bully s behavior
Effects of Bully’s Behavior
  • Many students are frightened.
  • A climate of fear exists in the classroom.
  • Some students think it is funny when they see the immature behavior of a bully.
  • School time is wasted.
  • Students who are being bullied are threatened and become highly emotional and upset and afraid to come to school.
  • Physically weak students may follow the bully for protection.
  • The teacher may loose power in the classroom.
  • A negative atmosphere is created.
  • The teacher may become afraid of the bully.

Slightly bothered

  • More aware of a problem
  • Wishing the problem would stop
  • Thinking of ways to get out of the situation
  • Arousal and activity increases
  • Defensive/aggressive stance and voice
  • Taking steps to gain superiority
  • Believing a full commitment is necessary
  • Rage with both emotional and physical responses

Stages of Anger






The Effects of Bulling

  • The wish to die
  • (Suicide)



3.They wish to be killed


2. They wish to kill


Source: FBI Behavioral Science Unit & Dr. Menniger


Where are these Perpetrators/Victims?

Kip Kinkel

Springfield, OR

T.J. Solomon

Conyers, GA


Charles Williams

Santee, CA

Luke Woodham

Pearl, MS

ways to stop bullying
Ways to STOP bullying
  • Tell someone
  • Stick with friends
  • Ignore the bully/walk away
  • Act brave
  • Stand up for yourself
what not to do if you are bullied
What NOT To Do If You Are Bullied
  • DON'T...Think it's your fault. Nobody deserves to be bullied!
  • Keep it to yourself and just hope the bullying will "go away."
  • Skip school or avoid clubs or sports because you're afraid of being bullied.
  • Think that you're a "tattle tale" if you tell an adult that you've been bullied.
  • Hurt yourself.
support someone who is being bullied
Support someone who is being bullied

Sometimes the best thing you can do for a person who is being bullied is just to be there for him or her and be a friend.

stand up to the person doing the bullying
Stand up to the person doing the bullying

When kids who bully see that other kids don't think it's cool, they are more likely to stop.

the law
The Law

The law defines bullying as “written or verbal expression or conduct that the school board determines will have the effect of physically harming a student, damaging property or placing a student in fear of harm to him/herself or his/her property, or is severe enough to create an intimidating, threatening or abusive educational environment.”



Rules– Parents and school personnel must demonstrate that they are in charge and won’t tolerate any student hurting another student (physically or psychologically)

Rights– Every student has the right not to be hurt and the right to learn in a safe environment

Responsibilities – Educators must be responsible for better supervisionand moreobservant monitoring. Students must be responsible for respecting the rights of their classmates and themselves


3 examples of bullying

2 ways to STOP bullying

1 way you will help others

my statement of responsibility
My Statement of Responsibility

I have a responsibility to tell someone if I am being bullied. I have a responsibility to not remain silent when someone else is bullied. I have a responsibility to speak up on behalf of all students who need help.

I will honor that responsibility.

__________________Student’s name