Moral development. Reward Allocation and Personal Entitlement: Equity or Equality. Women tend to pay themselves less than men do when dividing rewards between themselves and others
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1 Obedience and Punishment
2 Instrumental hedonism -Individualism, Instrumentalism, and Exchange
3 "Good boy/girl" – Interpersonal concordance
4 Law and Order
5 Social Contract
6 Principled Conscience – Universal moral principals.
3. Morality of Non-violence
1. Morality of Rights – Kohlberg
2. Morality of Caring - Gilligan
Meta-analysis of studies of moral reasoning as measured by Kohlberg’s interview method on 106 samples of children adolescents and adults.
Only 8 showed difference favoring males – and this was confounded by occupational-educational differences.
Walker – rather than arguing over the extent to which gender bias is inherent in Kohlberg’s theory it would be more appropriate to ask why, in face of so little evidence, the myth persists that males are more advanced in Kohlberg’s level of moral reasoning than females.
Compared women and men in their use of the rights and care orientation in their moral judgment. They asked male and female undergraduates to describe 3 important moral conflicts in their lives and rate the extent they used the rights and care orientation in their decisions.
Men and women did not differ significantly in the degree to which they used the rights and care orientation.