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TACF-02 Strike. PRACTICE TACTICAL FORMATION FLYING. ORM. Operational Requirements / Limitations Crew Rest / Crew Day / Work Week R&I IP Currency (SOP) Warm Up Eligibility Previous Flight Incomplete? Determine Graded Items. Human Factors

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tacf 02 strike

TACF-02Strike

PRACTICE TACTICAL FORMATION FLYING

slide2
ORM
  • Operational Requirements / Limitations
    • Crew Rest / Crew Day / Work Week
    • R&I
    • IP Currency (SOP)
    • Warm Up Eligibility
    • Previous Flight Incomplete? Determine Graded Items.
  • Human Factors
    • Life Stressors / External Factors / Personal Problems
    • Medical Status (Rest / Nourishment / Hydration)
  • Hazards and Controls
    • Routine
    • What is different today?
    • Weather
      • Current Observations and Forecasts
      • Crosswinds
      • Fuel Considerations
    • Mission Specific
slide3
TTO
  • Who will call a TTO?
  • What situations will the TTO be called?
    • Safety
    • Confusion / Misunderstanding
  • IP Responsibilities
    • Recognize need for TTO
    • Explanation / Instruction as necessary
    • Documentation on ATF
  • When and how will training resume?

Skip to Flight Brief

admin mission card
Admin (Mission Card)
  • A/C - ATC C/S - Tactical C/S - Crew
  • Brief / Walk / Marshal / Takeoff / Land Times
  • ATC Clearance / IFF
  • Range Info / Restrictions
  • Line / T/O / Abort / RPM
  • Comm Plan - Tac
  • Nav Plan
  • LCLS
  • Joker / Bingo
admin
ADMIN
  • Launch
    • Weather / NOTAMS / TFR / BASH
    • Preflight / Start / Marshal / Taxi
    • T/O / RDZV
    • Formation
    • Transit
    • RadAlt Usage
  • RTB
    • Formation
    • Recovery
    • Diverts
tac admin reference tw 2 tac sop
Tac Admin(Reference TW-2 TAC SOP)
  • Push to Spread
  • G-Warm
  • FENCE Checks
  • Fuel and G
  • PADS
  • Knock It Offs
  • Final Rendezvous
  • Battle Damage Checks
conduct
Conduct
  • Check Turns
  • Shackle Turns
  • Off-Heading Shackle Turns (Intro)
  • Cruise Turns
  • Tac Turns
  • In-Place Turns
  • Cross Turns
  • Loose Deuce Exercise (Intro)
  • Gunsight Tracking (fuel permitting)
  • Lead (if flown)
  • LEAD RESERVES THE RIGHT TO DO ANY TURN AT ANY TIME FOR AREA MANAGEMENT!
contingencies
Emergencies

Abort

Radio/ICS Failure

Loss of Navaids

Lost Plane / Lost Sight

System Failures

Disorientation

Bird-strike/ Midair

SAR Procedures

Ejection

Aircrew Coordination

Underrun/Overrun

Contingencies

Fallouts

Weather

BASH

Training Rules

10K’ Hard Deck

No guns inside 1000’ CNATRA Weapons Envelopes Apply

500’ Bubble around all aircraft

Contingencies
recap
Recap
  • Overall Flow
  • Questions

Back for Conduct Brief

standard debriefing format
STANDARD DEBRIEFING FORMAT
  • The Flight Lead or Pilot-in-Command is responsible for ensuring all flight or crewmembers are thoroughly debriefed on the conduct of the mission utilizing the “S-P-B-E-MS-LL” format outlined below. (Refer to the CTW-1/CTW-2 Expanding Debriefing Guide for specific objectives).
  • Safety
  • Planning
  • Brief
  • Execution
  • Mission Success
  • Lessons Learned
flight brief
Flight Brief
  • Brief
    • a. QOD (NATOPS / EP / SOP)
    • b. Knock-it-off procedures
    • c. Unknown airspeed rendezvous
  • Introduce
    • a. Off-heading shackle turns
    • b. Loose deuce exercise
    • c. Displacement roll / reversal
  • Practice
    • a. Combat checks
    • b. Voice communications
    • c. Formation
    • d. Defensive Combat spread
    • e. Check turns
    • f. Shackle turns
    • g. Cruise turns
    • h. Tactical turns
    • i. In-Place turns
    • j. Cross turns
    • k. Gunsight tracking exercise (fuel permitting)
    • l. Unknown airspeed rendezvous
    • m. Situational awareness
    • n. Lead (if flown)
    • o. Touch and go landings
flight brief1
Flight Brief
  • COMBAT SPREAD
  • How to get there
    • Check your heading, generate an airspeed advantage, and take a 10-15 degree cut away from lead using 10 kts excess for each 10 degrees of heading.
flight brief cont
Flight Brief (cont)
  • Check Turns
    • Into
      • Turn will make you acute.
      • Multiple techniques to fix position.
      • Big Picture: Slow your down range travel compared to lead, then fix your altitude and abeam distance.
    • Away
      • Turn will make you sucked.
      • Big Picture: Increase your down range travel compared to the lead (ie. lower your nose and increase your airspeed), then fix your altitude and abeam distance.
flight brief cont1
Flight Brief (cont)
  • Shackle Turns
    • 14 unit level turn into lead, putting the original heading on the 45 degree benchmark (or as appropriate to help fix your position).
    • Maintain 300 kts keeping altitude separation from lead.
    • Wait approx 2 sec then pull 14 units back to the original heading. (Vary the pull as appropriate to arrive back in position.)
    • Corrections for sucked / acute.
  • Off Heading Shackle Turns
    • Turn a lot = Time a little, etc
cruise turns into wing
CRUISE TURNS INTO WING
  • Lead starts 30 degree AOB turn.
  • Wing initiates level 10-20 degree AOB turn.
  • Wing should pass about 2000’ in front of lead with a 15-20 degree heading differential.
  • 2-4 seconds after lead disappears behind the wing, increase AOB to 45-60 degrees.
cruise turns away from wing
CRUISE TURNS AWAY FROM WING
  • Lead starts a 30 deg AOB turn.
  • Wing begins a 45-60 deg AOB turn lowering the nose to accelerate.
  • After around 45 deg of turn, wing should pass about 2000’ behind and slightly below lead with a 15-20 deg heading advantage and 25-30 kt airspeed advantage.
  • Readjust AOB to 15-20 deg AOB.
  • Continue to correct as necessary to arrive in position.
flight brief cont2
Flight Brief (cont)
  • Tactical Turns
    • Into
      • Wait until looking down lead’s intakes.
      • Start a level 14 unit pull to the new heading while maintaining 300 kts.
      • Adjust timing of turn, amount of pull, and airspeed as necessary to come out of turn in position.
    • Away
      • Start a level 14 unit pull to the new heading while maintaining 300 kts.
      • Make adjustments to fix positioning.
flight brief cont3
Flight Brief (cont)
  • In-Place Turns
    • Into
      • Make a level 14 unit turn for 180 deg, maintain 300 kts.
      • Corrections for sucked / acute start.
    • Away
      • Make a level 14 unit turn for 180 deg, maintain 300 kts.
      • Corrections for sucked / acute start.
      • Do NOT float the turn when belly up to lead!
      • With SA to Lead, can descend in turn.
flight brief cont4
Flight Brief (cont)
  • Cross Turns
    • 17 unit pull at MRT as you key the mic to say “Hammer”.
    • 500’ Bubble.
    • Use altitude to gain an airspeed advantage and fix your position.
    • Must have sight to turn past 180 deg.
    • Corrections for sucked / acute start.
flight brief cont5
Flight Brief (cont)
  • Loose Deuce Exercise (Intro)
    • MRT at Speed and Angels and kept throughout
    • Geometry / Comms
      • High / Low cover, Reversals / Role swaps
    • “Splash the bandit”
    • KIO
  • GST
    • “Hammer, setting up for GST”(16k/300KIAS/1.5NM abeam), “Hammer set 350”, speed and angels, “check left/right 50”(into Lead), “reverse”, “H12 in from X.X ”, countdown DME, “fox-2”(at 1.0), “chaff / flare”
    • MRT at “Fox 2”, AWE, tracking shots / snap shots
    • KIO
flight brief cont6
Flight Brief (cont)
  • Unkown A/S Rendezvous (Tactical Rejoin)
    • Continue flying good Tacform and resume DCS until Fence Out (Master Arm- Safe , Combat checks)
      • When joining, make the rendezvous look like one that you have practiced before. Keep an altitude sanctuary until it is suit-cased.
      • Lead will be setting the power (~80%) and turning to put the RTB heading on the nose. Take your time joining and make it look good.
control zone

± 10° at 2000 ft

± 20° at 4000 ft

Control Zone

The goal of the fighter is to arrive in the control zone with range, angles, and closure under control. From there, he can maneuver to shoot the bandit.

Must have controlled entry into CZ with relative fuselage alignment. (No more than 20 degrees of misalignment in the front of the CZ and no more than 40 degrees of misalignment in the aft end)

cz relation to guns wez
CZ relation to Guns WEZ

Note that the CZ and the Guns Envelope do not overlap.You cannot employ the gun from the CZ!!

Work Tracking Guns Shots

Watch Closure.

Lead required for snapshot (pipper 1-2 plane lengths in front). Allows for quick shot and a lag back to safety of the CZ to maintain offensive position.

Control Zone

Snapshot Envelope

Tracking Envelope

the gunsight
The Gunsight
  • Lead Angle Computing (LAC)
  • Used for tracking non-maneuvering targets at 1000’ range. Must keep in reticle for >1 second. We don’t use it.
  • Real Time Gun Sight (RTGS)
  • - Used for tracking a maneuvering target by aiming and keeping the reticle pipperaheadof the target(snapshot).
  • - Software positioned on the point that a shell would reach in the time it takes the shell to travel1000ft. If range > 1000’, you must shoot with enoughlead for bullets to travel required distance.

1000ft(using 31’ wingspan)

estimating range
Estimating Range

1000 ft

Closest shot range (Training Rules).

If wings overlap reticle, you’re too close!

1500 ft

Heart of Gun Envelope

¾ of reticle

2000 ft

½ of reticle

gunsight tracking

35

00

10500

300

R

14.0

RTGS

GUN

0.5

G

2.5

6.0

Gunsight Tracking

Truth: If outside gun envelope (> .5nm or 3000ft), pull pure (w/ fuselages aligned within 45 deg) to decrease range to arrive inside snapshot envelope.

01

M

0.7

slide30

35

00

10200

300

R

14.0

RTGS

GUN

0.5

G

2.5

6.0

Solve for Plane of Motion

01

M

0.4

slide31

Squeeze Trigger With Lead Established and lag to Control Zone

35

00

10200

300

R

14.0

RTGS

GUN

0.5

G

2.5

6.0

01

M

0.4

“Trigger Down……… “

“ SNAP ! ”