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Railroad and Maritime Security. Kevin M. Lynch Railroad Police Practices Consultant Clifton Park, New York. If you always do, what you always did, you'll always get what you always got!. Learn to think outside the Box!. Basic Security Needs. Protection of employees.

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Railroad

and

Maritime

Security

Kevin M. Lynch

Railroad Police Practices Consultant

Clifton Park, New York


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If you always do,

what you always did,

you'll always get

what you always got!

Learn to think outside the Box!


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Basic Security Needs

  • Protection of employees

  • Protection of facility

  • Protection of cargo

  • Protection of public


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Hazard Mitigation

  • Recognize the hazard

  • Understand the defense

  • ACT in time!


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E

DUCATION

E

NGINEERING

E

NFORCEMENT

The 3 E's


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Policing Maxims

  • THERE ARE NEVER ENOUGH COPS WHEN AND WHERE YOU NEED THEM

  • NOT ALL POLICE WORK IS LAW ENFORCEMENT

  • DESPITE HOURS AND HOURS OF TV AND MOVIE GOING, POLICE WORK CANNOT BE DONE BY THE UNTRAINED

  • FORCE MULTIPLIERS ARE ESSENTIAL FOR POLICE SUCCESS

  • ANEFFECTIVE POLICE PRESENCE IS ESSENTIAL FOR SAFE TRANSPORTATION OF GOODS, REGARDLESS OF MODE


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POLICE vs SECURITY

  • A private/contract security force is NO SUBSTITUTE for a professional Police Force

  • Training and retention are key issues

  • Poor public perception of private security forces vs. Police Forces

  • Are you willing to stake your life, the lives of your employees, patrons and the public on your decisions?

  • In current atmosphere, post 9/11, close liaison and interagency cooperation can only be had with a professional police force!

  • A Police Force will cost more but save more


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Railroad Issues

  • In 1865, Pennsylvania was the first state to commission Railroad Police

  • Police protection varies from location to location and no coordination among departments

  • Local police not trained to operate in railroad environment

  • Railroad police forces reduced more than 52% since 1985

  • Railroad management philosophy stuck in mid 1880’s


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Railroad Issues

  • Railroads are vigorously opposed to fencing their property

  • Police are considered “non-revenue producing” entities

  • The railroad police community has been steadily getting grayer

  • Cheaper to pay claims than pay cops

  • Elimination of marked patrol cruisers and uniformed officers in many locations

  • In many areas, 1 officer to cover hundreds of miles of railroad 24/7 - “One riot - one Ranger”


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Railroad Vulnerabilities

  • Theft of railroad property and cargo

  • Vandalism to railroad property and cargo

  • Assaults on railroad employees and patrons

  • Derailments

  • Highway-Rail Grade Crossing Accidents


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Railroad Vulnerabilities

  • Bridges and Tunnels

  • Yards and Stations

  • Tracks and Switches

  • Locomotive Power

  • Rolling Stock

  • Cargo - HAZMAT and “criminal” cargo

  • Information Systems

  • Employees

  • Criminals, Vandals & Terrorists


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What Railroads Must Do...

  • Engineer the Process for Zero Tolerance

  • Take advantage of technology

  • Train and evaluate

  • Get “buy-in” from all employees & patrons

  • Effective Federal-State-Local Law Enforcement Liaison


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What Railroads Must Do...

  • Understanding the Problems

  • Erect fencing and other barriers

  • Increase Force Size

  • Aggressive PRO-ACTIVE uniformed police patrols

  • Effective Force Deployment

  • Problem Oriented Police Solutions

  • Continuous re-evaluation and retraining required


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Maritime Issues

  • Bulk - Bulk-break - Container shipments

  • US Customs Service & other Federal agencies (USCG, DEA, FDA, DoA, DoD, DoE, etc.)

  • Ocean port - inland International Port

  • Inter-modal connections

  • Less than 2% of Containers are inspected


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Maritime Vulnerabilities

  • The WATER is NOT A BARRIER - it is an AVENUE of APPORACH

  • Theft of Port property and cargo

  • Vandalism to Port property and cargo

  • Assaults on Port employees and patrons

  • Organized Crime

  • International Terrorism


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What should Maritime response look like?

  • Engineer the Process for Zero Tolerance

  • Take advantage of technology

  • Train and evaluate

  • Get “buy-in” from all employees & patrons

  • Effective Federal-State-Local Law Enforcement Liaison


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What should Maritime response look like?

  • Understanding the Problems

  • Erect fencing and other barriers

  • Create & Train Police Force

  • Aggressive PRO-ACTIVE uniformed police patrols

  • Effective Force Deployment

  • Problem Oriented Police Solutions

  • Continuous re-evaluation and retraining required



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