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slide1

WAMPAC Packaged UPEDR Meter Cluster Arrays :Road Transportation System Preventive Maintenance Regime Balancing Channel Reliability and Environmental EmergenciesDr. Lemba D. Nyirenda, Ph.D. Electrical & Computer EngineeringChief Technical Advisor UNIDO REPRISE-Zambia ProjectInternational Expert: Transportation, Energy & ICT Systems Disaster Protection and Lifelines Systems Operations ResearchEmail: lembanyirenda@gmail.com;Phone: +260 977829662

presentation outline
PRESENTATION Outline

Focus

  • Disasterous Seasonal Road Flooding Problem
  • Benefits of Advanced Technology Preventive Maintenance Regime
  • Transportation Network Cluster Array Dynamic Operating States Visualization
  • Interconnected Transportation Road Network Infrastructure
  • UPEDR Meter Preventive Maintenance Regime
presentation outline continued
PRESENTATION Outline-Continued
  • Transportation Utility System Performance Evaluation Criteria Sets
  • Road Transportation Infrastructure Technology Groupings
  • Technology Groupings Interdependent Dynamic System Operating States
  • Cluster Array Dynamic Operating States Visualization
  • Technology Grouping System Performance Cluster Array Measures

Technology Grouping Packaged UPEDR [Universal Productivity-Emergency-Disaster-Recovery] meter cluster arrays

  • “UPEDR” Meter Preventive Maintenance Regime in a WAMPAC (wide area monitoring, protection and control) System
interconnected transportation road network infrastructure
Interconnected Transportation Road Network Infrastructure

The network topology of an interconnected

transportation network in a country includes:

  • Intersections and Bridges
  • Trunk road channels,
  • Main road channels,
  • Feeder road channels,
  • Urban road channels and
  • Path road channels
  • Temporary road channels

In Built and Un-built environment

seasonal road flooding problem
Seasonal Road Flooding Problem
  • It is a paradox that every year more or less the same road sections and bridges suffer extensive damage due to seasonal road flooding and mud-slides in both rural and urban areas.
  • To make things worse, even brand new intersections, bridges, and sections suffer from the same seasonal flooding and mud-slide problem
  • with the engineers responsible giving the usual standard answers. Some of the standard answers are: (1) the villagers have vandalized the road technological system; (2) the road section is flat and was designed without drainage channels; (3) we have no money and tooling to effect comprehensive damage inspections and planned corrective maintenance; and (4) this blocked or flooded road section or washed away bridge does not have any emergency network of bypass roads, so the vehicles and people will be marooned for some indefinite period.
  • The latter occurred on Thursday February 26, 2010 when vehicles and people were marooned on both sides of the Mvunvye stream on the Great East Trunk Road about six kilometers from Petauke after a bridge submerged following a rain downpour.
two fold solution
Two-fold solution
  • We are proposing a two-fold solution to the Seasonal Road Flooding and bridge Wash-away Problems.
  • There should be a commission of enquiry to get to the bottom of this matter; and

(2) Zambia and other similarly affected regional partners, implement: a WAMPAC Packaged UPEDR Meter Road Transportation System Preventive Maintenance Regime Balancing Channel Reliability and Environmental Emergencies as presented in this paper.

technology groupings interdependent dynamic system operating states nyirenda 2008
Technology Groupings Interdependent Dynamic System Operating States (Nyirenda, 2008)]
  • Productivity Normal State (Green) ,
  • Productivity Alert State (Yellow),
  • Abnormal Emergency State (Red),
  • Abnormal Protective State (Brown: Extremis-islanding),
  • Abnormal Disaster State (Black),
  • Abnormal Revival State (Grey),
  • Abnormal Recovery State (Blue) and
  • Productivity Restoration State (Violet)
slide8
“UPEDR” Meter Preventive Maintenance Regime in a WAMPAC (wide area monitoring, protection and control) System

Balancing road transportation network reliability and environmental emergencies in a preventive maintenance regime Require:

  • Sustainable implementation framework for Transportation Networks Reliability Audit Mission Projects in the OPPM “One-Page Project Manager” formulation;
  • Reliability audits based on probabilistic constant, conditional and unconditional failure rate models for repairable and non-repairable equipment, plant or whole integrated utility system;
  • OPPM incorporating custom UPEDR Meter Cluster Arrays to Communicate and direct maintenance projects execution, effective and efficient utilization of valuable scarce resources
  • Quantification of Scarce resources including: time, money (work), strength (manpower and tools), talents, relationships (man-machine, machine-machine, man-man, team-management);
  • Road Transportation Network Infrastructure be: Planned well, Started-well, Done-well, Finished-well, Maintained-well, Operated-well and Expanded-well.
benefits of advanced technology preventive maintenance regime
Benefits of Advanced Technology Preventive Maintenance Regime
  • The potential economic benefits of the Packaged UPEDR Meter Preventive Maintenance Regime implemented within a WAMPAC (wide area monitoring, protection and control) system include:
  • very high transportation network productivity,
  • high emergency operational efficiency and effectiveness,
  • very high equipment reliability and road network plant availability,
  • avoided widespread cascade blockades, and
  • reduced network congestion costs through emergency bypass routes determined using the Max-flow Min-Cut value theorem (Phillips, et al. (1990)).
  • Road Network Technology Grouping Cluster Array Dynamic Operating States Visualization
  • In this way the common place seasonal flooding and wash-aways of bridges will be greatly reduced to a bare minimum of say 1 per province per rain season in Zambia.
upedr meter preventive maintenance regime
UPEDR Meter Preventive Maintenance Regime
  • UPEDR dynamic operating states

Provide the basis for an on-line and off-line or real-time preventive maintenance regime Implemented using the Universal Productivity-Emergency-Recovery “UPEDR” Meter Cluster Arrays for Terrestrial and Deep-Space applications.

  • The UPEDR Meter visual interface

Allows timely corrective control action to be taken before the system of interest migrates from the Normal Operating State to enter either the Emergency State or the Disaster State or

the Recovery State at either system level or component level via the Extremis (Protective islanding) State.

  • Integrated Disaster Protection Plan

When the Preventive Maintenance UPEDR Meter cluster arrays are connected in a wide area network , basis for a “Integrated Disaster Preparedness Reduction and Protection” (IDPRP) Plan.

  • UPEDR” Meter cluster array indications system

The calibrated surrogate measures obtained using professional test equipment

could form the basis for a real-time or seasonal off-line “UPEDR” Meter cluster array indications system for a preventive maintenance regime for each of the main technology grouping in the trunk, main, rural-feeder, urban road sections of a networked transportation system. In this way only fit-for-purpose local preventive maintenance and scheduled system wide maintenance outages are undertaken.

transportation network cluster array dynamic operating states visualization
Transportation Network Cluster Array Dynamic Operating States Visualization
  • Experience eight dynamic operating states
  • (1) Productivity State 1: Multi-level Normal State (Green-0 to Green-10) ,
  • (2) Productivity State 2: Multi-level Alert State (Yellow-0 to Yellow-10),
  • (3) Abnormal State 1: Transitory Productivity to Emergency State (1,2 or 3)
  • (4) Abnormal State 2: Transitory Productivity to Disaster State (1,2 or 3)
  • (5) Abnormal State 3: Transitory Productivity to Restoration State (1, 2 or 3)
  • (6) Emergency State 1: Multi-level Overload State (Red-0 to Red-10)
  • (7) Emergency State 2: Multi-level Protective –Islanding Extremis-State (Brown-1)
  • (8) Emergency State 3: Multi-level Protective –Connectivity Extremis-State (Brown-2)
  • (9) Disaster State 1: Extreme-Damage State (Black-0 to Black-10),
  • (10) Disaster State 2: Revival State (Grey-0 to Grey-10),
  • (11) Disaster State 3: Recovery State (Blue-0 to Blue-10)
  • (12) Restoration State 1: Transitory Recovery to Normal Productivity State (Violet-1)
  • (13) Restoration State 2: Transitory Recovery to Alert Productivity State (Violet-2)
  • (14) RestorationState 3: Transitory Recovery to Emergency State (Violet-3)
utility system performance evaluation criteria sets
Utility System Performance Evaluation Criteria Sets
  • Leadership Criteria Set 1:

Prosperity Action : (1) Thinking, (3)Tooling, (4) Working, (5) Living indicators.

Poverty Action : (1) Thinking, (3)Tooling, (4) Working, (5) Living indicators.

  • Managerial Criteria Set 2:

Peace, (2)Wisdom, (3) Knowledge, (4) Happiness, (5) Integrity indicators.

  • Investment Criteria Set 3:

(1) Time, (2) Money, (3) Strength, (4) Talents, (5) Relationships, indicators.

  • Design Criteria Set 4:

(1) economy, (2) adequacy, (3) security, (4) safety, (5) Risk indicators.

  • Monitoring Criteria Set 5:

(1) Observability, (2) Operability, (3) controllability, (4) functionality,

(5) Maintainability indicators.

  • Test-Measurement Criteria Set 6:

(1) Network infrastructure connectivity measures, (2) Measuring, Archiving and Retrieval Time-Stamping, (3) Measures visualization, (4) Derived performance demonstration, (5)Derived performance validation indicators.

  • Productivity Criteria Set 7:

(1) Prosperity, (2) Reliability, (3) Sustainability, (4) Profitability, (5) Ownership indicators.

road transportation infrastructure technology groupings
Road Transportation Infrastructure Technology Groupings

[Road furniture, Intersections, Bridges and Sections tooling:

(1) Forward-channel flow observability, operability and controllability equipment,

(2) Cross-channel flow observability, operability and controllability equipment,

(3) Forward-channel flow protective equipment,

(4) Cross-channel flow protective equipment,

(5) Channel protective equipment,

(6) Channel maintenance equipment,

(7) Intersection, bridge and section human and vehicle rescue equipment,

(8) Built environment habitats Human-machine activity observability, operability and

controllability “Wide Area Monitoring, Protection and Control” (WAMPAC) equipment ,

(9)Transportation infrastructure Neighbourhood-Watch communication and control equipment,

(10) ICT Networks and Telecommunication interface equipment ]

technology grouping system performance cluster array measures
Technology Grouping System Performance Cluster Array Measures
  • Each component in a road technology grouping is planned, designed, constructed, transported, installed, commissioned
  • for optimal productivity
  • validated by measured performance criteria including: (1) economy, (2) adequacy, (3) security, (4) safety, (5) reliability, (6) maintainability, (7) observability, (8) operability, (9) controllability, (10) sustainability life cycle indicators
slide15
Technology Grouping Packaged UPEDR [Universal Productivity-Emergency-Disaster-Recovery] meter cluster arrays
  • Preventive Maintenance

UPEDR Meter cluster arrays

are connected in a wide area network ,

  • The interconnected system would form the basis for a “Integrated Disaster Preparedness Reduction and Protection” (IDPRP) Plan in a utility lifeline system or company or production plant or the national economy as a whole
conclusion
Conclusion
  • The benefits of WAMPAC (wide area monitoring, protection and control)Packaged UPEDR Meter Preventive Maintenance Regime Include:
  • very high transportation network productivity;
  • high emergency operational efficiency and effectiveness;
  • very high equipment reliability; and
  • very high transportation network availability;
  • avoided widespread cascade road blockades ; and
  • reduced network congestion costs through max-flow min-cut value by pass channels.
commission of enquiry investigation performance criteria sets
Commission of Enquiry Investigation Performance Criteria Sets
  • Productivity Criteria Set 1: (1) Peace, (2)Wisdom, (3) Knowledge, (4) Work, (5) Money, (6) Integrity
  • Productivity Criteria Set 2:(1) economy, (2) adequacy, (3) security, (4) safety
  • Productivity Criteria Set 3: (1) Risk, (2) Reliability, (3) Maintainability, (4) Sustainability.
  • Productivity Criteria set 4: (1) Observability, (3) Operability, (4) controllability, (5) functionality
  • Productivity Criteria set 5:(1) Test Measures Network Infrastructure, (2) Test Measures Time-Stamping, (3) Test Measures man-machine display, (4)Test Measures demonstration, (5)Test Measures man-machine development, (6)Test Measures man-machine Archiving interface , (7) Test Measures man-machine retrieval interface
transportation utility systems disaster risk in perspective
Transportation Utility Systems Disaster Risk in Perspective
  • Probabilistic Reliability Theory, Network Topology Theory, Risk Assessment Theory
  • Reducing Disaster Risk :A Challenge For Development UNDP Global Report
  • Are Disasters Inevitable? The Disaster Reduction Strategy of the German Federal Foreign Office
  • Know Risk, UNITED NATIONS.