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By: Jake Keremidschieff Computers 8. Nutrition . Vitamins . Need them to grow and develop Has many functions ( e.g.) Vit A helps eyes Vit D helps bones Etc… 2 Types fat-soluble (A,D,E,K) water-soluble (B,C) Each one has a special role Y our body needs them to work properly

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vitamins
Vitamins
  • Need them to grow and develop
  • Has many functions (e.g.)
    • Vit A helps eyes
    • Vit D helps bones
    • Etc…
  • 2 Types
    • fat-soluble (A,D,E,K)
    • water-soluble (B,C)
  • Each one has a special role
  • Your body needs them to work properly
  • In most foods including:
    • meats, fruits, vegetables, dairy
carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
  • Provide energy
  • 2 Types:
    • Simple (Sugar)
    • Complex (Starches)
  • Easily digested by the body
  • Made of hydrocarbon molecules
  • Contain carbon, oxygen and hydrogen
  • Foods:
    • grains, fruits, vegetables, dairy, and desserts
water
Water
  • Transports nutrients in and out of cells
  • Needed for maintenance of proper body temperature
    • Human brains are 75% water.
    • Human bones are 25% water.
    • Human blood is 83% water.
  • In adults about 37L
  • You should drink 12 cups a day
  • Drinking too much can cause health risks
proteins
Proteins
  • Builds, maintains, and replaces tissues in your body
  • Build and repair muscles
  • 2 types:
    • Egg protein(natural)
    • Casein protein (rich)
  • Your muscles, organs, and immune system are made up of protein
  • made up of polymers of amino acids
  • Foods:
  • beef, poultry, fish, eggs, dairy products, nuts, seeds, and legumes like black beans and lentils
slide6
Fats
  • Produce when diet provides the body with more calories than needed
  • Regular exercise will help to decrease your body fat
  • 2 Types
    • Good kind ( monounsaturated and polyunsaturated )
    • Bad kind ( saturated and trans)
  • Removal of fat is achieved by consuming fewer calories
  • Common high fat foods:
  • •Chocolate candies, trail mix, cheese sauce, ricotta cheese, chicken pot pie,
  • Etc…
minerals dietary
Minerals (dietary)
  • Many functions: build strong bones or transmitting nerve impulses
  • 2 Types:
    • Macro (critical ingredients to health)
    • Trace (support integrated nutrition)
  • Help your body grow, develop, and stay healthy
  • Make hormones or maintain a normal heartbeat
  • Food:
  • meat, seafood, milk, eggs, plants, mushrooms, mineral water
fibre
Fibre
  • Really good for you and your bowels
  • Can't be digested so it helps clean out your intestines
  • 2 Types
    • water-soluble (dissolves in water and is found in oat bran, legumes, Psyllium)
    • Insoluble (cannot be dissolved in water, meaning that our bodies cannot digest it)
  • Daily intake is about 5 to 14 grams per day
  • Found in plants
  • Food:
  • brown rice, fruit, and oatmeal, fruits, vegetables etc….
bibliography
Bibliography
  • http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/food/carbohydrates.htm
  • http://www.brianmac.co.uk/fat.htm
  • http://kidshealth.org/kid/nutrition/food/protein.html
  • http://kidshealth.org/kid/nutrition/food/vitamin.html
  • http://kidshealth.org/kid/word/f/word_fiber.html
  • http://kidshealth.org/kid/nutrition/food/minerals.html
  • http://www.coastalcoolers.com/body.pdf
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