Gen. 1: 1-2: 4 = 6-day creation account, by P Gen. 2: 4-24 = shorter account by J - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Gen. 1: 1-2: 4 = 6-day creation account, by P Gen. 2: 4-24 = shorter account by J PowerPoint Presentation
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Gen. 1: 1-2: 4 = 6-day creation account, by P Gen. 2: 4-24 = shorter account by J

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Gen. 1: 1-2: 4 = 6-day creation account, by P Gen. 2: 4-24 = shorter account by J
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Gen. 1: 1-2: 4 = 6-day creation account, by P Gen. 2: 4-24 = shorter account by J

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  1. Gen. 1: 1-2: 4 = 6-day creation account, by P Gen. 2: 4-24 = shorter account by J First, discussing P’s account…

  2. Similarities to Myths “deep” = primordial waters (Heb. tehom - cognate with “Tiamat”) Creation as God’s cosmic battle? Recalling Marduk in Epic of Creation (p. 255)? Power of speech (recalling EoC, p. 250) Mankind created to do work (Gen. 2: 15, EoC, p. 261)

  3. Similarities to Myths Creation of heaven and earth, lights in sky, humans in same order (Gen. 1: 1-2: 3 (P), EoC, pp. 255-61) Power of names (Gen. 2: 18-25 (J), EoC, pp. 264-74)

  4. Differences Marduk as one of many gods, vs. God as single deity independent from matter from which universe formed Creation as incidental process (EoC) vs. creation as main purpose (Gen.) “And God saw that it was good.” (Gen. 1: 10) “And indeed it was very good.” (Gen. 1: 31)

  5. P vs. J J’s sequence of creation: 1. man, 2. garden, 3. beasts, 4. woman P seeking to exalt divine will governing all, while J focuses on man, esp. the fall (Gen. 2: 4-4: 26) J’s account of creation of man, Gen. 2: 1, recalls Atrahasis/EoC pp. 15 and 261

  6. Adam (Heb. ‘adham, “man”) Eve (Heb. ‘ishshah, from ‘ish, “man”) Serpent is “crafty” (Gen. 3: 1)

  7. Role of serpent Sin as contagion: serpent-woman-man Passing the buck: man-woman-serpent Punishment: serpent-woman-man Punishment as aetiology (3: 14-24)

  8. Nature of the sin: “experience (da‘ath) of everything” i.e. command over all Sexual desire not part of sin (Gen. 2: 24), but shame over sexual differences as symbol of alienation between sexes Age when son produced as time-keeping (e.g. Gen. 5: 3)

  9. Cain and Abel: Transformation of estrangement to murder Parallels with story of the fall In advance of culture J sees growth in violent tendencies, exemplified in song of Lamech (Gen. 4: 23-24) Seth as replacement for Abel, appearing at time when people calling on God for help