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  1. from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroadby Ann Petry Feature Menu Introducing the Selection Literary Focus: Biography and Coherence Reading Focus: Finding the Main Idea Writing Focus: Think as a Reader/Writer

  2. from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroadby Ann Petry How much should a person sacrifice for freedom?

  3. from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroadby Ann Petry Click on the title to start the video.

  4. from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Introducing the Selection In 1851, Harriet Tubman led a group of eleven slaves to freedom. During the month-long journey, she struggled to avoid capture on the trip from Maryland to Canada. As the fleeing slaves traveled on foot by night, they encountered many difficulties and dangers.

  5. from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Introducing the Selection As you read the selection, think about how the system Tubman used to lead slaves to freedom came to be called the “Underground Railroad.” [End of Section]

  6. from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Literary Focus: Biography and Coherence A biography is the story of someone’s life written by another person. I want my readers to experience what it’s like to walk in my subject’s shoes, so I use lots of details. Biographers work hard to make their subjects come to life on the page.

  7. President and Mrs. Kennedy greet fans at the Orange Bowl in Florida. Civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. leads a peace rally. Humanitarian Mother Teresa cares for an orphan in Calcutta. from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Literary Focus: Biography and Coherence The biography writer helps us “meet” the people in a biography. We observe • actions and motivations, • values, and • interactions with others.

  8. MAIN IDEA detail 1 detail 2 detail 3 detail 4 from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground RailroadLiteraryFocus: Biography and Coherence In nonfiction, a text is coherent if the important details support the main idea and connect to one another in a clear order.

  9. infant toddler child teen from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground RailroadLiteraryFocus: Biography and Coherence A good biography has coherence. Its details come together in a logical order . . . . . . making the biography easy to understand.

  10. from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground RailroadLiteraryFocus: Biography and Coherence Biographers use details to help us feel we know the people about whom they are writing. I feel like I know what this person’s life was really like. born in a farmhouse in 1823 attended a one-room schoolhouse started a newspaper married childhood sweetheart at 24 became an award-winning reporter [End of Section]

  11. from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground RailroadReadingFocus: Finding the Main Idea The main idea is the central idea or message of a nonfiction text. Main Idea

  12. from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground RailroadReadingFocus: Finding the Main Idea To find the main idea, look for key statements made by the writer and for details that point to an important idea. Main Idea detail detail key statement key statement detail detail detail

  13. from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground RailroadReadingFocus: Finding the Main Idea Read the following passage, looking for key statements and details. Language can be tricky. For example,the word salsa has more than one meaning.Salsa commonly describes a sauce that’s used as a dip for chips or a dressing on vegetables.The sauce ranges from mild to very hot.However, salsa also refers to a popular form of Latin American music.This music tends to be a combination of fast blues, jazz, and rock. Language can be tricky. For example, the word salsa has more than one meaning. Salsa commonly describes a sauce that’s used as a dip for chips or a dressing on vegetables. The sauce ranges from mild to very hot. However, salsa also refers to a popular form of Latin American music. This music tends to be a combination of fast blues, jazz, and rock. Language can be tricky. For example,the word salsa has more than one meaning.Salsa commonly describes a sauce that’s used as a dip for chips or a dressing on vegetables. The sauce ranges from mild to very hot. However, salsa also refers to a popular form of Latin American music. This music tends to be a combination of fast blues, jazz, and rock. key statement detail Looking at the key statements and details, state the main idea of the passage.

  14. from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground RailroadReadingFocus: Finding the Main Idea To find the main idea, look for key statements made by the writer and for details that point to an important idea. Main Idea The same word can have two very different meanings. a dip for chips Latin American Salsa is a kind of sauce. Salsa is a style of music. mild to hot a dressing for veggies blues, jazz, & rock

  15. from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground RailroadReadingFocus: Finding the Main Idea Into Action: As you read the biography, write down details that seem important. When you have finished, write the main idea. Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Important detail: “It was the largest group that she had ever conducted.” Important detail: [End of Section]

  16. from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Writing Focus: Think as a Reader/Writer Find It in Your Reading In this biography, Ann Petry turns historical facts into a dramatic story. As you read, record in a notebook objective, or factual, passages and subjective passages, which reveal the writer’s feelings and opinions. [End of Section]

  17. Vocabulary

  18. from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Vocabulary fugitivesn.: people fleeing from danger or oppression. incomprehensibleadj.: impossible to understand. incentiven.: reason to do something; motivation. dispelv.: get rid of by driving away. eloquencen.: ability to write or speak gracefully and convincingly.

  19. from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Vocabulary Fugitives are people who are trying to escape oppression or danger. Those who traveled the Underground Railroad were fugitives from the unjust system of slavery.

  20. from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Vocabulary The campers became fugitives when • they built a campfire. • they set up their tent. • they ran away from an angry bear.

  21. from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Vocabulary The campers became fugitives when • they built a campfire. • they set up their tent. • they ran away from an angry bear. What hardships might fugitives face while escaping oppression?

  22. from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Vocabulary To some adults, teenage activities may seem incomprehensible. For example, they may find it impossible to understand why teens enjoy certain sports.

  23. from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Vocabulary “I don’t get algebra,” complained Michael’s little brother. “It’s incomprehensible!” Michael’s brother thinks algebra is • easy and straightforward. • too difficult to understand. • useful and valuable.

  24. from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Vocabulary “I don’t get algebra,” complained Michael’s little brother. “It’s incomprehensible!” Michael’s brother thinks algebra is • easy and straightforward. • too difficult to understand. • useful and valuable. How do you tackle a subject that seems incomprehensible?

  25. from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Vocabulary Anincentiveencourages someone to do something. Driven by his motivation to earn a new bike, Keith promised to do his chores all summer: The incentive was enough to convince him to put in the extra work.

  26. from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Vocabulary What is most likely Jamal’sincentivefor practicing the clarinet every day? • He wants to be a rock star. • He wants to play in the school band. • He wants to get his homework done early.

  27. from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Vocabulary What is most likely Jamal’sincentivefor practicing the clarinet every day? • He wants to be a rock star. • He wants to play in the school band. • He wants to get his homework done early. What might be a student’sincentiveto babysit after school?

  28. from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Vocabulary Patrick wanted todispel his fear of reptiles. Bravely picking up the lizard, he hoped the hands-on experience would drive away his fear.

  29. from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Vocabulary When Alexis heard some nasty gossip about her best friend, she decided to dispel the rumor. Alex decided to ____________. • pass along the rumor to someone else • refuse to listen to the gossip • explain why the rumor isn’t true

  30. from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Vocabulary When Alexis heard some nasty gossip about her best friend, she decided to dispel the rumor. Alex decided to ____________. • pass along the rumor to someone else • refuse to listen to the gossip • explain why the rumor isn’t true What’s the best way to dispel a feeling of worry?

  31. from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Vocabulary LeShawn spoke witheloquence at graduation. His impressive speaking ability brought the audience to its feet.

  32. from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Vocabulary Because Mariella is an eloquent writer and speaker, her guidance counselor suggested that she try out for • the track team. • the band. • the debate team.

  33. from Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Vocabulary Because Mariella is an eloquent writer and speaker, her guidance counselor suggested that she try out for • the track team. • the band. • the debate team. Name someone who is an eloquent speaker. [End of Section]

  34. The End