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Historic Preservation. AMCV1550, Week 4. Movement’s beginnings. Mount Vernon Ladies Association (1853) Designated National Historic Landmark 1960 Role of women Grassroots and private Emphasis on patriotism Site associated with figure of political importance. Why preserve?.

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Historic preservation

Historic Preservation

AMCV1550, Week 4


Movement s beginnings
Movement’s beginnings

  • Mount Vernon Ladies Association (1853)

  • Designated National Historic Landmark 1960

    • Role of women

    • Grassroots and private

    • Emphasis on patriotism

    • Site associated with figure of political importance


Why preserve
Why preserve?

  • Historical, educational or archaeological significance

  • Status

  • Beauty

  • Tangible benefits – tax breaks, property values

  • Tourism

  • Prevent change

  • Retain community/cultural traditions



  • Colonial Williamsburg (John D. Rockefeller)

    • The Historic Area of Colonial Williamsburg stretches over 301 acres, and includes 88 original 18th-century structures. Hundreds of houses, shops and public outbuildings are reconstructed on their original foundations. Some buildings are open to the public, while others are private residences and administrative offices.

  • Greenfield Village (Henry Ford)

  • Historic Deerfield


Heritage society houston sam houston park
Heritage Society, Houston (Sam Houston Park)

Kellum-Noble House, 1847

4th Ward Cabin, 1866


National legislation
National Legislation

Protection against development

Attempt to standardize local rules

Consider impact on historical property important when evaluating projects

Expression of national values

Designation of status and worth


Antiquities act 1906 u s
Antiquities Act, 1906 (U.S.)

Empowered president to designate protected public lands of cultural value (including sites of archaeological or scientific value)

Devil’s Tower first national monument named

1979 replaced by

Archaeological Resources

Protection Act


National park service
National Park Service

Created 1916 to manage U.S. national monuments and parks (under Dept of the Interior)

Dual role of conservation and tourism

Natural parks; historic parks; National Trails; National Recreation Areas; National Preserves

Nearly 400 sites


National historic preservation act 1966
National Historic Preservation Act (1966)

To preserve historical and archaeological sites:

The spirit and direction of the Nation are founded upon and reflected in its historic heritage

Created National Register of Historic Places, National Historic Landmarks and state historic preservation offices

Requires federal agencies to evaluate the impact of federally funded or permitted projects on historic properties (Section 106 review)

National Register lists sites and districts worthy of preservation (overseen by NPS)


What s significant
What’s significant?

Central Diner, Providence

  • Age and Integrity: at least 50 yrs old and largely ‘intact’

  • Associated with significant

    • People, events, activities

    • Architecturally important

    • Potential to yield important

      Historical information through archaeological research


“eligible for inclusion in the National Register because of its association with cultural practices or beliefs of a living community that (a) are rooted in that community's history, and (b) are important in maintaining the continuing cultural identity of the community. “

Since 1992, also recognition of “traditional cultural property”:

May require oral history or ethnographic research to identify


Watts Towers, Los Angeles of its association with cultural practices or beliefs of a living community that (a) are rooted in that community's history, and (b) are important in maintaining the continuing cultural identity of the community. “

(National Historic Landmark 1990)

Navajo Nation Council

Chamber, AZ (NHL 2004)

U.S.S. Arizona shipwreck, HI (NHL 1989)

Dupont Circle, DC,

(National Historic District 1978)


Garden bowl detroit
Garden Bowl, Detroit of its association with cultural practices or beliefs of a living community that (a) are rooted in that community's history, and (b) are important in maintaining the continuing cultural identity of the community. “

  • City’s and country’s oldest continually operating bowling alley (1913)

  • Listed on National Register in 2008 (NR application)


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