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The Aztecs!!. By: Stephanie, Órla and Emer!. Aztec Timeline!. 1195 CE: Aztecs arrive in the valley of Mexico. 1250 CE: The Aztecs settle near Lake Texcoco. 1325 CE: The city of Tenochtitlan is built and the first Aztec temple was built.

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the aztecs

The Aztecs!!

By: Stephanie, Órla and Emer!

aztec timeline
Aztec Timeline!
  • 1195 CE: Aztecs arrive in the valley of Mexico.
  • 1250 CE: The Aztecs settle near Lake Texcoco.
  • 1325 CE: The city of Tenochtitlan is built and the first Aztec temple was built.
  • 1350 CE: Canals and causeways are built in the city.
  • 1370 CE: The Aztec Priest ‘Tenoch’ dies. The Aztecs are now ruled by Tepanecs.
  • 1400 CE: The Tepanecs are defeated.
  • 1440 CE: Emperor Moctezuma becomes ruler of the Aztecs.
  • 1452 CE: The city of Tenochtitlan is destroyed by flood.
  • 1486 CE: Ahuizoto begins ruling the Aztecs. The Great Temple at Tenochtitlan is worshiped.
  • 1502 CE: Moctezuma 11 (the second) becomes ruler.
  • 1519 CE: Cortes comes to Mexico and Moctezuma 11 is killed.
  • 1520 CE: Cuitlahuac is elected ruler.
  • 1521 CE: Spanish invaders capture Tenochtitlan and thousands of Aztecs are killed.
  • 2006: The modern city of Mexico stands on the site of Tenochtitlan.
fun facts
Fun Facts!
  • The Aztecs were a tribe.
  • Their population grew very quickly.
  • They were skilled craftsman.
  • They worshiped a number of gods.
  • They believed that their gods needed a reason to come again the next day. So, every day, even maybe more than once a day, there would be a human sacrifice made!
  • The doctor would pull out their heart at the top of the steps and they would fall down the stairs to their death!
aztec history
Aztec History!

Around 1300 CE, a wandering tribe of Indians wandered into the Valley of Mexico. These people were called the Aztecs. 

When the Aztecs arrived in the Valley of Mexico, other tribes were already in residence. They had already taken the best land. The Aztecs had to make due with the swampy shores of Lake Texcoco. 

But this did not bother the Aztecs. Not only were they very clever people, but they had every faith that their main god  had sent them to the swampy shores of Lake Texcoco, so obviously this place was perfect for them.  

They adapted to their environment.  They built canoes, so they could fish and hunt birds that lived near the water, they also created floating gardens for growing food, they created more land for agriculture by filling in the marshes and lastly they built dikes to hold back the water. 

After they settled in, they began to conquer the neighbouring tribes. They conquered first one tribe, and then another, and then another. 

Each conquered tribe had to pay tribute to the Aztecs in the form of food, clothing, jewels, and of course, supplies to feed the hungry gods. That made the Aztecs very happy and very rich.

The Aztecs expanded and expanded until they had built an empire.  

One day, around 1500 CE,  Spanish soldiers arrived in the Valley of Mexico. They were amazed at what they saw.  

The Spanish conquered the Aztecs. The arrival of the Spanish brought guns, horses, huge fighting dogs, and disease. As the Aztecs were such fierce warriors, they might have had a slim chance of survival against guns and horses and huge fighting dogs. But they had no defence against disease. They had never been exposed to childhood diseases like measles. Many became ill once the Spanish arrived, many died.

The Spanish also received help from the other tribes in the area. These tribes saw a chance to get even, and perhaps even to rid themselves of the feared and hated Aztecs. These tribes did not expect to be conquered themselves, which they were. Nor did they know how harshly the Spanish would rule their people.

By the mid- 1500’s, the Aztec Empire had collapsed, and the Spanish had taken over the entire region.  

Today, there are around one million descendants of the ancient Aztecs living and working in Mexico. Human sacrifice is no longer part of their festivals. But the beautiful art and clever games the Aztecs created are still enjoyed today.

homes and clothing
Homes and clothing.
  • Like nearly all of the ancient civilizations, the rich lived in luxury and the poor worked. In the Aztec civilization, class structure was very important. 


The Rich/ Upper class: Homes of the nobles and wealthy were made of sun-dried brick. If you were very wealthy, your home could be made of stone. All homes were whitewashed to make them look clean and shiny. Each noble home had a separate room for steam bathing. Water was poured over heated stones. Bathing was an important part of daily life and of religion. Bathing was believed to clean both the body and soul.  

The Poor/ Common People: Homes of the farmers and other commoners were huts with thatched roofs. Furniture was limited. They might have mats on the floor and woven trunks to hold belongings. They had blankets and pottery for cooking. Everyone had a garden of their own, including farmers.

  • Clothing:

The Rich/ Upper Class: People in the upper class wore clothing decorated with feathers and embroidery to show their status. They also carried fans made of feathers.    

The Poor/ Common People: It was against the law for commoners to wear feathers. It was against the law for commoners to carry fans. If commoners broke these laws, they were killed.

more fun facts
More fun facts!
  • Marriage: At about age 20, men married women who were ages 14-15. A man could have more than one wife as long as he could support her. Weddings were arranged, usually with the help of a matchmaker. 
  • New Babies: The birth of a baby was a really big deal. The Aztecs welcomed all life. The birth of a boy or a girl was celebrated. This was true for nobles and commoners.
  • Correct Behaviour: The Aztecs were very concerned that all their citizens behaved correctly. This code of behaviour was written down. And it was the law. Children were taught correct behaviour in the Aztec schools.
  • Slaves: The Aztec nobles had slaves. Slaves were not captured people. They were also Aztecs. 
  • Poetry: For all their love of war, the Aztecs had a softer side. They loved to write and to read poetry. Much of their poetry was about a heroic act of love, war, or religion.