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WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM. Photo courtesy of MT Wx Training Center. Lead Safe Weatherization for Crews and Managers. Weatherization Assistance Program Standardized Training Curriculum. September 2012. Lead-Based Paint Overview. Lead-Safe Weatherization for Crews and Managers.

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Photo courtesy of MT Wx Training Center

Lead Safe Weatherization for Crews and Managers

Weatherization Assistance Program Standardized Training Curriculum

September 2012

Lead based paint overview

Lead-Based Paint Overview

Lead-Safe Weatherization for Crews and Managers


Learning objectives

By attending this session, participants will be able to:

Explain what lead is.

Explain why and when lead was used throughout history.

Describe where lead can be found today.

Discuss the lead paint hazards faced in Weatherization.

Discuss compliance requirements of DOE, EPA and OSHA.

Learning Objectives

What is lead
What is Lead?

  • Pb = Latin word Plumbum.

  • A heavy, durable, soft gray metal.

  • Does not break down or decay with time.

  • A poison if inhaled or ingested.

  • Is most dangerous as dust and fumes.

Why was lead used
Why Was Lead Used

  • Ancient Egypt – Used in sculpting and as a pigment and binder in paints. Used in Egyptian eye makeup. Used as roadway sealant. Knew it could be lethal.

  • Ancient Greece – Used in sculpting. First to document lead poisoning.

  • Ancient Rome – Used in pipes for water systems and to line goblets. Continued to use even though they were aware of lead poisoning.

Why was lead used cont
Why Was Lead Used? Cont.

  • Europe – Used in pipes and waterproofing roofs. Recognized health risks of lead exposure. As early as 1400 A.D. prohibited addition of lead to wine. Lead-free paints available in the 1800’s.

  • United States – Lead paint promoted in advertisements even though lead poisoning was studied and documented.

Image courtesy of the National Lead Company

Where can lead be found today
Where Can Lead be Found Today?

  • Imported pottery

  • Water pipes

  • Mini-blinds

  • Painted toys

  • Painted furniture

  • Craft products

  • Others

Image courtesy of Mike Vogel

Photo courtesy of the Centers for Disease Control

Photo courtesy of CPSC

Photo courtesy of the Cincinnati Children's Hospital

Photo courtesy of the Marin County Health & Human Services

Photo courtesy of the Centers for Disease Control

Problems with lead
Problems with Lead

Most problems with lead come from old paint, stains and varnishes on buildings built before 1978.

Photo courtesy of

Photo courtesy of US Dept. of Justice

Benefits of lead in surface coatings
Benefits of Lead in Surface Coatings

  • Lead was added to:

  • Increase durability.

  • Add color.

  • Resist mold and mildew growth.

  • Prevent corrosion of metal surfaces.

  • Help paint dry faster.

  • Lead may be found in paint, stains and even varnish.

Image courtesy of the Lead Industries Association

What is lead based paint
What is Lead-Based Paint? Construction

  • Federal Standards define lead-based paint as:

  • Any paint or surface coatings that contain lead equal to or in excess of 1.0 milligrams per square centimeter or more than 0.5% by weight.

  • Testing is the only way to determine if and how much lead is present in a surface coating.

  • Some states and localities regulate paint with lower concentrations of lead.

Lead paint hazards
Lead Paint Hazards Construction

  • Deteriorated, flaking, or peeling lead paint.

  • Lead paint surfaces accessible to infants.

  • Demolition exposing lead.

  • Renovation exposing lead.

Photos courtesy of Marin County Health & Human Services

Why are dust and debris a problem
Why are Dust and Debris a Problem? Construction

  • Lead-based paint is the primary source of lead-contaminated dust in housing.

  • Lead-contaminated dust is poisonous.

  • Very small amounts of lead-contaminated dust can poison children and adults:

    • Children swallow & inhale dust during ordinary play activities.

    • Adults swallow and breathe dust during work activities.

Who is at risk from lead
Who is at Risk From Lead? Construction

  • Lead Dust can harm everyone. The most vulnerable are:

  • Babies.

  • Young children.

  • Pregnant women and their unborn babies.

  • Workers.

Photos courtesy of Montana State University Extension

Consumer product safety commission ban on lead paint
Consumer Product Safety Commission – Ban on Lead Paint Construction

  • In 1978, the Consumer Products Safety Commission (CPSC) banned the use of lead paint in residences, schools, hospitals, parks, playgrounds, and other public places; however, any home built before 1978 may contain lead-based paint.

  • Lead can still be found in all types of buildings.

  • Lead is still found in paint used for industrial and commercial purposes.

Lead paint hazard in weatherization
Lead Paint Hazard in Construction Weatherization

  • Weatherization IS Renovation

  • Renovation activities (sawing, drillings, cutting, scrapping, etc.) that disturb lead-based paint create debris and tiny particles of dust.

  • Many jobs, including Weatherization work, can expose occupants and workers to lead dust.

  • Unless protected, Weatherization workers swallow and breathe poisonous lead dust during work activities.

Take home lead exposure
Take Home Lead Exposure Construction

  • Weatherization workers can be a source of lead:

  • Lead dust on work clothes can contaminate cars and homes.

  • Lead dust from work clothes can be transferred to the office and home; co-workers and family members including children.

Photo courtesy of MT Wx Training Center

Lead safe weatherization lsw
Lead-Safe Weatherization (LSW) Construction

  • Lead-Safe Work Practice is not new to Weatherization.

  • First defined, May 10, 2001 – Weatherization Program Notice 02-1 required LSW to be applied to pre-1978 homes.

Epa rrp program
EPA RRP Program Construction

  • EPA “Lead, Renovation, Repair and Painting (RRP) Program.

  • Effective – April 22, 2010.

  • “Renovation” includes weatherization.

  • Requires “Certified Renovators and Firms”

  • Defines required work practices and tools.

  • Requires documentation.

  • Enforced by U.S. EPA and “approved states”

Doe s response to rrp
DOE Construction ’s Response to RRP

  • WPN 08-6 – September 22, 2008.

  • Interim LSW Guidance “When the EPA RRP is in full effect, DOE will require as part of it’s LSW Minimum Standards all additional requirements as outlined in the EPA RRP April 22, 2010, published rule.”

  • WPN 09-6 – January 7, 2009.

  • LSW – Additional Materials and Information with “benchmark” LSW training curriculum.

  • WPN 10-6 – LSW Training.

  • WPN 11-6 – WAP H&S Matrix.

Worker protection osha
Worker Protection - OSHA Construction

  • Even if DOE and EPA did not have rules dealing with lead exposure to workers, implementing Lead-Safe Weatherization, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is an agency of the Department of Labor which writes and enforces rules protecting workers on the job.

  • To protect employees from lead hazards, the OSHA Lead in Construction Standard (29 CFR 1926.62) was developed. The standard became law on June 3, 1993.

  • Weatherization agencies and crews must always comply to OSHA worker protection standards.

Osha compliance
OSHA Compliance Construction

  • Personal Air Monitoring

  • OSHA has established Permissible Exposure Levels (PEL) for workers exposed to lead. These levels must not be exceeded.

  • To test for lead, air is pulled through a filter which traps particles.

  • The filter is analyzed by a laboratory to determine the lead concentration.

The 12 core elements of lsw
The 12 Core Elements of LSW Construction

Weatherization agencies and crews must be in compliance with EPA RRP Rule, DOE LSW StandardsANDOSHA Worker Safety Rules.

The 12 core elements of lsw1
The 12 Core Elements of LSW Construction

  • Training for all Weatherization workers.

  • Client notification “pre-renovation education.”

  • Pre-1978 lead testing or presume presence of lead.

  • Barriers and Signage to restrict occupant access

  • Interior and Exterior Containment.

  • PPE/respiratory protection.

  • Safe work practices/prohibited tools and methods.

  • Work-site cleanup.

  • Debris disposal

  • Work-site visual inspection.

  • Cleaning verification.

  • Documentation.

Lsw minimum standards
LSW Minimum Standards Construction

See Lesson 3 of this training curriculum for a review

of all Lead-Safe Weatherization (LSW) standards and

how LSW compares to the EPA Renovation, Repair

and Paint (RRP) Rule.

For a overview of LSW view WxTV episode

“12 Steps to Lead Safety”


Length : 45:26


Exercise Construction

Exercise: Identifying common Weatherization practices that produce a lot of dust and debris.

45 minutes

Exercise Construction

  • Identifying common Weatherization practices that produce a lot of dust and debris.

  • Rank the work practice descriptions according to the amount of dust and paint chips you think they make. In the table on the next slide, under the column labeled “rank,” write:

  • 1 next to the work practice that makes the most dust.

  • 2 next to the work practice that makes the second most dust.

  • 3 next to the work practice that makes the third most dust.

  • Continue to rank until you have ranked each work practice. Some practices may be given the same rank.

Exercise Construction

  • For the work practice(s) that you ranked #1, tell why you think it makes the most dust and debris.

  • For the work practice(s) that you ranked last, tell why you think it makes the least amount of dust and debris.

  • If you actually did any of the jobs described above, what would you do to clean up when the job was finished?

Points for discussion
Points for Discussion Construction

  • Does it make a difference if there is a lot or a little lead dust generated?

  • Why should Weatherization crews be aware of the physical condition of a home before conducting an audit?

  • How does the amount of lead dust generated by Weatherization activities depend upon the work practices?

Summary Construction

  • Lead is a heavy metal and a dangerous poison.

  • Lead can be found in paint on homes, buildings, furniture, toys, cars, bridges, etc.

  • Weatherization agencies and crews must be in compliance with EPA RRP Rule, DOE LSW StandardsANDOSHA Worker Safety Rules