“Nobody is forgotten and nothing is forgotten” Memorializing the Great Patriotic War at Mamayev Hill (Battle of Stalingrad) and Babi Yar
Battle for Stalingrad July 1942-Feb. 1943
Volgograd (formerly Stalingrad) Historical- Memorial complex dedicated to the heroes of the Stalingrad battle at Mamayev Hill. Begun 1959, completed 1967.
“Stand to the Death” (Centerpiece of the “Square of Those Who Fought to the Death”)
Hall of the Glory of the Warrior Center: Eternal Flame of the Unknown Soldier Walls: military banners and inscriptions with the names of 7,000 defenders of Stalingrad
Babi Yar – a ravine on the outskirts of Kiev (now Ukraine) September 29-30, 1941: ~33,000 Jews shot and their corpses buried on site 1941-1943: 70,000+ more people were executed there (mostly Jews but also Ukrainians, Gypsies, resistance fighters, etc.)
BabiYar • by Yevgeny Yevtushenko (1961)Translated by Ben Okopnik • No monument stands over BabiYar.A steep cliff only, like the rudest headstone.I am afraid.Today, I am as oldAs the entire Jewish race itself. . . .
Monument opened at Babi Yar in 1976 But a memorial to whom?
Commemorative plaque: Here during 1941-43 the German-Fascist occupiers shot more than 100,000 citizens of the city of Kiev and prisoners of war
Draft Report of the Soviet Extraordinary Commission investigating Nazi crimes in Kiev (1943) as edited by Communist Party officials
Monument to 621 Ukrainian nationalists killed by the Germans in 1942 (opened 1992) Monument to the ~100,000 Jews who perished at Babi Yar Opened on Sept. 29, 1991 (50th anniversary of the first massacre of Jews)
Monuments to two Ukrainian Orthodox priests (installed 2000) and to children killed at Babi Yar (installed 2001)