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Conquest of the Americas . Do Now: View the following picture and develop an aim for today’s lesson . Aim. How did the Spanish interact with Native Americans in the Americas in the 1500s?. PQ1. How did the Spanish interact with Native Americans in the Caribbean? . First Encounters .

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Conquest of the americas
Aim today’s lesson

  • How did the Spanish interact with Native Americans in the Americas in the 1500s?


Conquest of the americas
PQ1 today’s lesson

  • How did the Spanish interact with Native Americans in the Caribbean?


First encounters
First Encounters today’s lesson

  • Spanish conquistadors settled on the islands of Hispaniola

    • Seized gold ornaments worn by the Taino people

    • Deadly European diseases riddled Tainos

      • Small pox

      • Measles

      • Influenza

  • As much as 90% of Native Americans died in the Caribbean Islands because of their lack of IMMUNITY


Conquest of the americas
PQ2 today’s lesson

  • How did Hernan Cortes interact with the Aztecs?


Conquest of the americas
Now that you’ve seen two documents about Cortes and the Aztecs, develop three possible explanations for the image below with your partner.


The conquistadors
The Conquistadors Aztecs, develop three possible explanations for the image below with your partner.

  • Hernan Cortes was an early conquistador

    • Landed in Mexico in 1519

    • Headed inland toward Tenochtitlan

      • Helped by Malinche, a young Native American women guide

      • Helped Cortes form alliances against the Aztecs

  • Moctezuma: sent gifts of gold and silver, but urged Cortes not to come to Tenochtitlan

    • Cortes arrived and was dazzled by the grandeur of the city


Fall of tenochtitlan
Fall of Tenochtitlan Aztecs, develop three possible explanations for the image below with your partner.

  • Moctezuma welcomed Cortes to his capital

    • Soon relations grew strained

    • Aztecs drove Spanish from their city

      • Moctezuma was killed

  • 1521: Cortes returns and captures/destroys Tenochtitlan

  • On the ruins of Tenochtitlan, the Spanish build Mexico City


Conquest of the americas
PQ3 Aztecs, develop three possible explanations for the image below with your partner.

  • Did Cortes’ success inspire other Spanish conquistadors?


Francisco pizarro and the inca empire
Francisco Pizarro and the Inca Empire Aztecs, develop three possible explanations for the image below with your partner.



Pizarro in peru
Pizarro in Peru Incas?

  • Francisco Pizarro arrived in Peru in 1532, just after the Incan ruler ATAHUALPA won the thrown after a bloody civil war

  • Helped by Native American allies, Pizarro captured Atahualpa after slaughtering thousands of his followers

  • Pizarro demanded a huge ransom for Atahualpa’s return

    • Incas paid, but Atahualpa was killed

    • Spain conquered most of the Incan territory



Exit card
Exit Card Incas?

  • How did the Spanish interact with Native Americans in the Americas in the 1500s?