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COOPERATIVE ACTION AGAINST HIV/AIDS THE RATIONALE PRESENT RESPONSE & POTENTIAL. A presentation by SAVITRI SINGH Advisor, Gender Programme,ICA ROAP, New Delhi, India. THE PROBLEM STATEMENT. BY END OF 2003. ESTIMATED DEATHS. ESTIMATED INFECTIONS. WOMEN & HIV/AIDS
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COOPERATIVE ACTION AGAINST HIV/AIDS THE RATIONALE PRESENT RESPONSE & POTENTIAL A presentation by SAVITRI SINGH Advisor, Gender Programme,ICA ROAP, New Delhi, India
THE PROBLEM STATEMENT BY END OF 2003 ESTIMATED DEATHS ESTIMATED INFECTIONS
WOMEN & HIV/AIDS This epidemic discriminates against women • Over 16.4 Million women today are living with HIV/AIDS. • Last year 1.3 Million Women died of AIDS. • 58% of all HIV positive adults in Sub-Saharan Africa are women, rising to 67% between the age of 15 & 24, 30% in South Asia and 20% in Europe and USA.
WHY HIV/AIDS IS AN ISSUE FOR COOPERATIVES !!! Because Cooperatives are suffering !!! • Co-operative enterprise provides 100 million jobs worldwide – far more than Multi-National Corporations. • Over 120 Million people are members of 48,000 U.S. Cooperatives. • In Finland Coops produce more than 70% of Dairy products • In Norway Dairy Co-ops are producing 99% of Milk Products. • Saludcoop Health Co-op is the 2nd largest employer in Colombia caring for 25% population.
Coops handle 40% of farm cash receipts in Canada. • 520 million of 760 million co-op members worldwide are from Co-ops in Asia. • 230 million co-op members out of 1 Billion population in India. • 1.3 million coop members out of 3.5 million population in Singapore. • More than one-third of Japanese families are members of JCCU • Agricultural coops operate the largest bank in Korea. • 8.6% of GDP comes from coops in Vietnam. • 16% of population in Sri Lanka is member of SANASA Cooperative Movement. • Consumer Coop share more than 80% of retail market in Kuwait. • 20% of Kenyans are member of cooperatives. • In Argentina over 29% of the population is member of cooperatives.
IMPACT OF HIV/AIDS ON COOPS The HIV/AIDS is no longer a health issue, but a development challenge. The epidemic hits hardest at the most productive age group (15-42) causing serious economic, social and cultural crisis.
IMPACT ON COOPERATIVE FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS In Many Countries coops are major economic actors. Savings and Credit Coops in Kenya, Zambia, Botswana and South Africa, etc. are facing challenges of survival due to…….. • Increased borrowing for medical expenses, funerals, school fees, etc. • Increased claims of Insurance policies. • Quick loans or Crash advance. • Low and negligible recovery of Loan.
ONGOING ACTION BY COOPS AGAINST HIV/AIDS • Coops are enterprises that operate under the value of solidarity and social responsibility. • Coops are providing health care services and considerable amount of funds are being spent on such activities. • Several Asian countries such as India, Singapore, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Japan, Malaysia & Vietnam etc. have specific HIV/AIDS awareness and prevention programmes for members. • Some coops in Asia provide for Health Insurance.
With the strong infrastructure of Training Institutes and trainers the coops are disseminating information to members on prevention & care of HIV/AIDS. • US Coop development organisation (CDOs) are working to help stop the spread of HIV/AIDS and mitigate its effects on individuals & communities especially in east & Southern Africa. • Savings and Credit Coops in Kenya respond to HIV/AIDS by restructuring the business and making provisions for programmed savings for health emergencies, school fee, funeral needs, etc. • The Canadian Coop Association (CCA) and World Council for Credit Unions initiative.
ICA STRATEGY TO FIGHT HIV/AIDS • Established in 1895, the ICA is one of the largest and oldest NGO’s in the world with membership of 230 National and International organisations in all sectors of activities from 100 countries, representing 760 million individuals world wide. • The Strategy is : Awareness Raising; Capacity Building; Best Practices; Networking; Demonstration of ICA’s political commitment. • The ICA ROAP has developed a project for prevention of spread of HIV/AIDS and other STI among cooperative members through Education and Training. • The ROAP received financial support from UNAIDS and organised a National workshop in India for sensitisation of Coop Leaders, Directors and Managers to generate awareness and political commitment.
COOPERATIVE POTENTIAL • Significantly large membership and reach to community. • Presence of Trainers and Training infrastructure, programmes for information, education and training of members where HIV intervention can be easily integrated. • Effective vehicle for reaching rural areas and women. • Reach to various sectors of business- agriculture, consumers, fertilisers, dairy, banking & credit, health insurance, handicrafts, transport, trading, etc. • Presence of Health Cooperatives.
HOW COOPERATIVES CAN HELP • Mobilising political will. • Recognise the epidemic publicly and openly and act to reduce the stigma surrounding HIV/AIDS. • Display political courage in applying sound measures to reduce the spread of the disease. • Networking for internal and external collaboration for funds and techniques. • Support to orphans, aged and women affected by HIV/AIDS. • Credit & Loan through chain of coop banks and micro credit coops.
Allocation of special funds in the budget of coops for HIV/AIDSprevention and care programmes. • Condom distribution through consumer coop. • Training of trainers programme to generate a pool of trained personnel for HIV/AIDS awareness, prevention & care. • Production of target group oriented teaching material. • Special awareness programmes for all levels of Cooperatives such as Leaders, Employees, Managers, Common Members and the Community.
SUPPORT TO WOMEN • Cooperatives as gender neutral equal opportunity organisations. • Micro credit and Financial assistance through Coop-Banks. • Employment at the time of death of Male member. • Social acceptance. • Special training and awareness programmes for women by women instructors.
CONCLUSION • The ICA through its member network has the capacity to reach over 760 million individuals in 100 countries, their families and their community. No other single institution has this tremendous potential. • However, the ICA needs collaboration with partners like ILO, UNAIDS, USAID, and others players in the field to bring resources and expertise together.
TOGETHER WE CAN FIGHT IT AND WE WILL