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Canada’s Social Safety Net A Backgrounder. Civics Studies 11/Social Studies 11 MUNDY 2008. Social Safety Net . Refers to the programs and policies in place by a government meant to alleviate the effects of poverty

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canada s social safety net a backgrounder

Canada’s Social Safety Net A Backgrounder

Civics Studies 11/Social Studies 11

MUNDY 2008

social safety net
Social Safety Net
  • Refers to the programs and policies in place by a government meant to alleviate the effects of poverty
  • Social Safety Net programs allow ALL people to receive income, health care and other
  • Examples of programs include: pension plans, medicare, employment insurance, etc.
  • Also known as “demogrants”
pension plans
Pension Plans
  • Pensions are given to people who are of retirement age (65 and older) as a source of income
  • Given that many cannot find work due to health issues, income cannot be generated any other way
  • Only some had family that could take care of them – others had immigrated to Canada, while some died in WWI
pension plans1
Pension Plans
  • First introduced in 1927 during King’s minority government as coalition with Progressive Party
  • Basic pension = $240/a
  • Had to prove hardship through test
  • Only to British subjects who had lived in Canada 20 years or more
  • 70 years and older
pension plans2
Pension Plans
  • 1951 – Old Age Security Act
  • Granted $40/mth - taxable
  • 70 and older
  • Directly administered by Federal Government
  • Also created Old Age Assistance Act for those 65-69 (also $40/mth)
  • Jointly funded by feds and prov. gov’ts
pension plans3
Pension Plans
  • In 1964, became the Canada Pension Plan (in Quebec, the Quebec Pension Plan)
  • While rate before this had been raised to $75/mth, still not enough for cost of living
  • Thus, new program required workers to contribute monthly to CPP
  • Would receive about 25% of average salary upon retirement
pension plans4
Pension Plans
  • In 1975, spouces of contributors to pension plan were allowed to receive benefits of partner’s plan
  • Currently payments have been reduced
employment insurance
Employment Insurance
  • Monthly payments for those who have recently lost their job and are looking for work
  • Meant to give minimal income during time searching for new employment so that person will not lose house, car, etc.
  • Once person is in new job or not found work beyond a certain time, payments end
employment insurance1
Employment Insurance
  • 1940 – created Unemployment Insurance
  • Before this, unemployed applied for payments from municipal gov’t.
  • From 1940, UI administered federally
  • People may claim by showing proof of employment between 420 – 700 hours (max $413/week)
  • Now called Employment Insurance
family allowance
Family Allowance
  • A monthly allowance given to families in order to assist them in raising children
  • Amount determined by number of children in household
family allowance1
Family Allowance
  • First introduced in 1945
  • Amounts based on age:
  • Under 5yrs old = $5/mth, 6-9yrs = $6/mth, etc.
  • Payments were non-taxable and each family received benefit regardless of income
family allowance2
Family Allowance
  • In 1978, this system was revised to become Refundable Child Tax Credit
  • Families with incomes under $18000/a received $200/a
  • Families over $26000/a received nothing
  • In 1992, program became $85/mth max for children up to 18 based on low-income
  • Child expenses were tax-deductible, though
minimum wage
Minimum Wage
  • First introduced in 1920’s both federally and in various provinces in response to workers’ strikes (including Winnipeg General Strike)
  • Federal minimum wage is set for federal employees, while provinces set provincial minimum wage for all other employees working within province (usually lower than federal level)