what were the causes and consequences of the german revolution of 1918 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
What were the causes and consequences of the German Revolution of 1918? PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
What were the causes and consequences of the German Revolution of 1918?

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 9

What were the causes and consequences of the German Revolution of 1918? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 296 Views
  • Uploaded on

What were the causes and consequences of the German Revolution of 1918?. L/O – To identify and explain the causes and effects of the Revolution. The German Revolution.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'What were the causes and consequences of the German Revolution of 1918?' - altessa


Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
what were the causes and consequences of the german revolution of 1918

What were the causes and consequences of the German Revolution of 1918?

L/O – To identify and explain the causes and effects of the Revolution

the german revolution
The German Revolution
  • In late 1918, there was unrest across the whole of Germany. The emperor fled for his life and a new government took control. These events are called the German Revolution.
  • This new government became known as the Weimar Republic. It was eventually usurped by Hitler when he was elected Chancellor in 1933.
what caused the german revolution
What caused the German Revolution?
  • 1. Failure in the First World War Germany’s army was not totally defeated but by 1918, had been pushed back. The Spring Offensive had failed.
  • Over 2 million had died since 1914 and morale was very low.
  • The army was unlikely to have held out another year. The Kaiser and his government were criticised.
what caused the german revolution1
What caused the German Revolution?
  • 2. Hardship in Germany - The Allied blockade was working and prevented imports of supplies.
  • Food shortages led to great suffering and military failure caused a sense of hopelessness.
  • This was made worse by a deadly influenza infection which spread through Europe in August 1918, killing millions.
what caused the german revolution2
What caused the German Revolution?
  • 3. The Russian Revolution – Helped to cause discontent in Germany.
  • The Russians had replaced their Tsar with a government of the people.
  • Many Germans wanted to replace the undemocratic rule of the Kaiser by councils of workers & soldiers.
events of the revolution
Events of the Revolution
  • 29th October 1918 – German sailors at Wilhelmshaven refuse to follow order and mutiny spreads to Kiel.
  • 4th November 1918 – 40,000 sailors join dock workers and set up a workers’ and soldiers’ council, taking over the dockyard.
  • Government soon broke down all over Germany in towns such as Hamburg, Bremen and Lubeck.
events of the revolution1
Events of the Revolution
  • 7th November – German workers in Bavaria force the local King, Ludwig III, to step down. The leader, Kurt Eisner, sets up a workers’ and peasants’ council and declares Bavaria a people’s state.
  • 9th November – Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicates following pressure from his own ministers and Allies who say they will only negotiate with ‘representatives of the people’
  • The Social Democrat Party (SPD) forms a new government with the SPD leader Friedrich Ebert as the new Chancellor.
effects of the revolution
Effects of the Revolution
  • Short Term - New government agrees an armistice on 11th November. Germany had to withdraw from all land won and pull back 30 miles into Germany.
  • Long Term – The Wiemar Republic formed after Kaiser abdicates but Ebert’s new government doesn’t form new constitution until mid-1919 due to political turmoil.
exam question section a part b
Exam Question (Section A, Part B)
  • ‘Describe one effect of the November Revolution on Germany’ (4 marks)