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Privacy Perspective Protecting the Grid and Consumer Data: Cyber Security and Privacy. Lillie Coney Associate Director Electronic Privacy Information Center. Privacy Rights Under Pressure.

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privacy perspective protecting the grid and consumer data cyber security and privacy

Privacy PerspectiveProtecting the Grid and Consumer Data: Cyber Security and Privacy

Lillie Coney

Associate Director

Electronic Privacy Information Center

privacy rights under pressure
Privacy Rights Under Pressure
  • Innovations in technology: photography, audio recording, motion pictures, computers, telecommunications, digital data, networking of databases
  • New business and government practices
    • Record keeping, collection and use of personal information, data mining, networking of informational data on persons
what is privacy
What is Privacy?
  • Constitutionally Protected Rights
    • US Constitution: First Amendment, Fourth Amendment, and Fifth Amendment; United Nations Declaration of Human Rights Article 12
    • It is the ability to control over who, when, why, and how personal information may be accessed or used by others
    • It is also an intangible property right
    • It is enforced by Fair Information Practices found in Federal, State, and International Law
      • Federal Privacy Act
      • OECD Privacy Guidelines
      • Canadian Privacy Act
smart grid and privacy
Smart Grid and Privacy
  • Smart Grid
    • Will trigger reflection on use of data collected, legal limitations, regulations, and public debate about privacy
    • May expose information once only known by those within a home or business to others
    • Cause struggles over control of Smart Grid electricity consumption information
    • Can Smart Grid information threaten privacy rights? YES!
cyber security and privacy
Cyber Security and Privacy
  • Smart Grid design can either protect or fail to protect privacy and security
  • Privacy rights must be defined by the full complement of Fair Information Practices
  • How Cyber Security is defined will determine the degree to which electricity consumers may control who, when, why, and how someone may have access to information.
    • Defining cyber security
    • Defining cyber security threats
    • Establishing due process protocols within utilities and Smart Grid service providers routine business operations
transparency is key to customer trust in the grid
Transparency is Key to Customer Trust in the Grid
  • Sunlight is said to be the best of disinfectants; electric light the most efficient policeman. Louis Brandeis, Harper's Weekly, Dec 20 1913
    • Customers must have more than notice and choice
    • Customers should be empowered to make decisions about electricity consumption management options
    • Customers must have real redress options if their personal information or electricity consumption information is abused or misused
    • Law-enforcement Access must be restricted to court managed processes. (No secret courts or national security letters)
smart grid fair information practices
Smart Grid Fair Information Practices
  • Data collection limitations
  • Data use limitations
  • Data must be protected by information holders
  • Data holders must comply with privacy principle guidelines
  • Data subject must have access to information on who has had access to their information
    • Correction, due process adjudication, confirm accuracy, and use agreement
epic org
EPIC.org
  • Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC)

http://epic.org/