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Improving Quality of Indian Technical Education. - Role of IITs and IIT alumni. PAN IIT 2008 – Education Track – Session III. Anup K Ray Visiting Faculty Centre for Educational Technology IIT Kharagpur. Content. 1. Ranking of Institutions, Quality Assurance in Higher Education.

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Improving Quality of Indian Technical Education

- Role of IITs and IIT alumni

PAN IIT 2008 – Education Track – Session III

Anup K Ray

Visiting Faculty

Centre for Educational Technology

IIT Kharagpur



1. Ranking of Institutions, Quality Assurance in Higher Education

  • Some samples
  • Indian scenario

2. Graduate Attributes & Professional Competencies

(Washington Accord, Sydney Accord, Dublin Accord, Engineers Mobility Forum & Engineering Technologists Mobility Forum)

  • Deriving curricula from attributes & competencies
  • Implementing curricula with measurable outcomes

3. Some thoughts on the role of the IITs and IIT alumni

4. Experience of IIT KGP in increasing its reach



2007 THES-QS World University Rankings

Times Higher Education Supplement & Quacquarelli Symonds



Academic Ranking of World Universities

- Compiled by Shanghai Jiao Tong University.

  • Numerousmagazines and newspaperspublish such rankings using a wide varietyof criteria with widely varying results.

Ranking System in the UK

  • Quality control carried out by Quality Assurance Agencies for Higher Education (QAA)
  • Quality Assessment Exercise (QAE) takes place every 4 years at institution level.
  • At PG level Research Assessment Exercise (RAE) checks level of Research done in every department and is used to decide funding.
  • RAE ratings range is 1 to 5 * (5* is highest).



Quality Assurance in Higher Education in Europe

  • Initiated by the ministers of the Bologna Process signatory States in September 2003
  • Parties involved (E 4 Group)
  • - European Network for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (ENQA)
  • - European University Association (EUA)
  • - European Association of Institutions in Higher Education (EURASHE)
  • - National Unions of Students in Europe (ESIB)
  • Covers European Higher Education Area (EHEA) with 40 States with diverse political, cultural, education systems, traditions, languages, aspirations etc.
  • Main outcomes
  • - standards and guidelines for internal quality assurance in higher education
  • - standards for external quality assurance
  • - standards for external quality assurance agencies



Report: “Standards and Guidelines for Quality Assurance in the European Higher Education Area”

  • - published by the European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education
  • - good attention to substantive issues as well as details
  • - clear focus on implementability and accountability.

Indian Scenario

Quality Assurance & Accreditation of Higher Education

  • - concerned with technical education
  • - uses eight broad criteria each broken down into several parameters with weights assigned to each, which are different for diploma, UG, PG level programmes.
  • - Accreditation valid for a fixed period.



National Assessment & Accreditation Council (NAAC)

  • - Established by UGC in 1994
  • - Operates at institute level
  • - Methodology
        • Preparation and submission of self study report
        • On-site visit by peer team for validation of report and recommendation to NAAC
        • Final decision by the EC of NAAC

“ ……. it is now a rare Indian university that makes it to the top 400 in the world. As a result, when Indian graduates are held up to the glare of global competition ….. One study deemed that 75% of our graduates were unemployed for the work, they were ostensibly trained to do”

  • None of the IITs or the IISc figure in the top 200 list of THES-QS survey
  • Delhi University figures in the list of top 500 university.



Graduate Attributes and Professional Competencies

  • Several accrediting bodies for engineering qualifications have developed outcomes based criteria for evaluating programmes.
  • A number of engineering regulatory bodies have developed / are in the process of developing competency – based standards for registration.
  • Educational and professional records have developed statements of graduate attributes and professional competency profiles for mutual recognition of qualification and registration.



Stages of professional development

  • Acquire accredited qualification ----- Graduate Stage
  • Acquire experience & training ----- Professional Registration
  • Meet additional competencies ----- International Registration
  • Principles of recognition: Substantial equivalence rather than exact correspondence of contents and outcomes.



Examples of Accords for mutual recognition of qualifications

  • Washington Accord (WA) : Graduate Engineers
  • Sydney Accord (SA) : Engineering Technologists
  • Dublin Accord (DA) : Engineering Technician
  • Mechanisms to support professional registration amongst signatory nations
  • Engineers Mobility Forum (EMF)
  • Engineering Technologists Mobility Forum (ETMF)

Role of IITs and IIT Alumni in improving quality

  • Develop / assist in the development of curricula in various engineering disciplines to match the WA, SA & DA accords.
  • Develop indicative problem sets / assignments / case studies / interactive learning materials.
  • Develop test items, student evaluation guidelines.
  • Conduct short term courses / workshops / seminars for engineering faculty / educators / policy planners to increase awareness of quality assurance on a continuous basis.
  • Conduct extensive training programmes for engineering faculty using advanced educational technology tools.
  • Establish / help establish Educational Technology as a discipline of study at M Tech level in all IITs, NITs and other top tier Institutions.
  • Establish a permanent body to formulate policies / conduct research / coordinate with all stake holders / initiate and monitor projects to improve technical education in India in a systematic way.



Experiences of IIT Kharagpur in reaching out

  • El Net-3L (96-01) reached out to 12000 + students
  • PGDIT (01-07) reached out to 700 + students in mixed mode.
  • VOD introduced in campus in 00 – 01, more than 5000 hrs of video available in KGP intranet.
  • Virtual Lab in Electrical Technology developed and tested (2003).
  • Virtual Classroom developed and tested on intranet (2004)
  • 96000 hrs of IIT KGP video in use in 167 institutions in VCD/DVD/VOD formats.
  • Contributed 22 video + 18 web courses to NPTEL + 47 video courses to Eklavya.
  • VC based interactive distance education programme (M Tech) for engineering college faculty planned in 2009.
  • Video recording may be raised to 3000 hrs/yr from 09-10 academic year.