Analytic Philosophy. Introduction and a Brief History H.E. Baber. Analytic Philosophy.
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Introduction and a Brief History
The Analytic Philosopher’s Version
Our Esteemed Ancestors
Our esteemed ancestors
Early 20th Century
Rejection of Idealism
(Defense of Commonsense)
Ordinary Language Philosophy
Contemporary Analytic Philosophy
History of Philosophy
Additional Special Fields
Philosophy of Mind
Philosophy of Religion
Philosophy of Science
“Applied Ethics” specialties
Philosophy of Language
Skepticism and the External World
Meaning and Reference
The Logical Positivist Program
The Mind-Body Problem
The Problem of Universals
Externalism and the mental
Identity (including personal identity)
Time and time-travel
Epistemological, metaphysical questions and philosophy of language issues.
Do we know there’s an external world? If so, how?
What are the constituents of this external world?
How should we analyze talk about these things?
External world: mind-independent objects
Immediate experience and inference (I hear a screeching when I step on the brakes and infer that the pads are worn and metal is grinding on metal. Sight is no different.
Veridical and non-veridical experience
Do we have any good reason to believe that any of our experiences are veridical? How could we know?
Zombies: physical duplicates of “normal” humans who do not have qualia.
Qualia: contents of immediate experience, “raw feels” or “sense-data”
The Mind-Body Problem (crude version): is the mind the brain? (or, are mental states just brain states?)
Conceivability as a criterion for (“logical”) possibility
Zombies are logically possible (we can conceive of them, right?)
A zombie’s brain states are perfect duplicates of the brain states of normal individuals experiencing qualia
There must be something more then that brain state when an individual has qualia
The mind is not just the brain (mental states are not just brain states)
The Knowledge Argument, Reversed Spectrum, etc.
Can machines think? The Turing Test and Searle’s Chinese Room
Are meanings in the head? Hilary Putnam and the Twin Earth problem