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Bagels and Hummus

Bagels and Hummus

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Bagels and Hummus

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  1. Bagels and Hummus Corinne Metzger KINE 628

  2. Vegetarianism • Many reasons • Health • Environmental • Ethical • Various types • Pesco-vegetarians • Lacto-ovo-vegetarians • Lacto-vegetarians • Vegans

  3. Does it effect performance? • Short-term intervention and cross-sectional studies found no detriment or benefit from a vegetarian diet (Nieman) • No difference in fitness parameters (Hanne) • Anaerobic and aerobic capacity • Serum protein • Hand grip • Pulmonary function

  4. Does it effect performance? • No studies on young individuals on muscle hypertrophy • Problems with studies • Type of vegetarian • Activity levels

  5. Vegetarian Athletes • Billie Jean King • 12 Grand Slam singles • 16 Grand Slam women’s doubles • 11 Grand Slam mixed doubles

  6. Vegetarian Athletes • Carl Lewis • Greatest performances in 1991 as a vegan Named the Athlete of the Year

  7. Vegetarian Athletes • Scott Jurek • Ultramarathoner • Won Western States seven consecutive times

  8. Vegetarian Athletes • Edwin Moses • Gold medalist in 400 meter hurdles in 1976 and 1984 • Won 107 consecutive finals in the 400 meter hurdles in a decade

  9. Western Diet – Meat ≠ Successful Vegetarian Diet

  10. Vegetarian Protein • Studies of both lacto-ovo vegetarians and vegans showed adequate protein intake • ACSM recommends 10% more protein for vegetarian athletes Takes careful planning!

  11. Complimentary Protein • Legume + grain = all essential amino acids • Grains lack lysine • Legumes lack methionine • Do not need to be eaten together • Need to eat more to account for decreased digestibility • All-in-one vegetarian mindset

  12. Vegan Protein • Soy products • Tofu • Edamame • Soy milk • Quinoa • Contains all essential amino acids • Minerals and vitamins (riboflavin, iron, copper, manganese, folate, choline) • Gluten-free

  13. Vegetarian Foods • Varieties of grains • Varieties of beans • Lentils • Nuts • Seeds

  14. Possible Concerns for Vegetarian Athletes • Creatine • Iron • Zinc • Vitamin B12 May need to supplement to ensure proper amounts

  15. How to Succeed • Let go of the Western view of food and meals • Be educated • Plan meals and food choices wisely