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Waste Management in New York City. a brief and incomplete introduction. Urban metabolism. p rovisioning New York City: 2008 statistics (such as they are). Over 250,000 deliveries per day Almost 38,000 delivery trucks per day

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waste management in new york city

Waste Management in New York City

abrief and incomplete introduction

p rovisioning new york city 2008 statistics such as they are
provisioning New York City: 2008 statistics (such as they are)
  • Over 250,000 deliveries per day
  • Almost 38,000 delivery trucks per day

Source: United States Department of Transportation, “Integrative Freight Demand Management In The New York City Metropolitan Area”, September 30, 2010

  • Incoming: 142,597,000 tons per year
  • Outgoing 119,507,000 tons per year

Source: U.S. Commodity Flow Survey

(Domestic Freight)

In total: approximately 12 million tons per year – 5.5 million tons going to disposal; 6.5 million “diverted” from disposal
different types of waste from different types of generators
Different types of waste from different types of “generators”
  • Residents and public institutions (serviced by Department of Sanitation
    • Including public works projects (asphalt, demolition)
  • Commercial entities (serviced by over 200 different private carting companies)
    • Offices, shops, restaurants, etc.
    • Construction and demolition, excavation
  • Parallel and separate systems
  • Different waste streams, degrees of information, composition, quantity, destinations, and outcomes
biggest possible view

~ 12 million tons

Citywide diversion rate of 54%

Biggest Possible View

* Commercial tonnages estimated based on self-reported data, preliminary for FY11

dsny curbside recycling collection
DSNY Curbside Recycling Collection

400,000 tons of paper recyclables collected annually.

250,000 tons of metal, glass, & plastic recyclables collected annually.

contracts for processing nyc s recyclables
Contracts for Processing NYC’s Recyclables
  • DSNY collects recyclables and delivers them to contracted processors.
  • Different contracts for processing commingled paper and commingled metal, glass, and plastic.
contracts for processing nyc s recyclables1
Contracts for Processing NYC’s Recyclables
  • Average $7 per ton revenue for paper.
  • Average $50 per ton costfor commingled metal/glass/plastic and beverage cartons “MGP”.
nyc s paper recycling contracts
NYC’s Paper Recycling Contracts

Visy Paper Mill

The Visy plant on Staten Island receives 160,000 tons of paper per year, over 40% of the paper collected for recycling.

nyc s paper recycling contracts1
NYC’s Paper Recycling Contracts

Remaining 60% sold to paper processors who separate the paper into various grades.

nyc s metal glass plastic contract
NYC’s Metal, Glass & Plastic Contract

Sims Metals Marketing

  • Major U.S. scrap metal processor
  • Long time processor of NYC metal
  • Current processor of NYC’s MGP recyclables and selected as long term processor.
sims waterborne network
Hunts Point, Bronx

Long Island City, Queens

Claremont, Jersey City in New Jersey

Sims Waterborne Network
sims claremont facility in jersey city new jersey
Sims Claremont Facility in Jersey City, New Jersey
  • Receives MGP from southern Manhattan and Staten Island
  • Receives Bronx MGP by Barge
composting program
20,000 tons per year autumn leaves.

6,000 tons per year landscaper grass and yard waste.

2,500 tons per year Christmas trees.

7,000 tons per year Rikers Island food waste.

35,500 tons per year total

Composting Program
fall leaf collection
Fall Leaf Collection

Program includes 34 of the City’s 59 Districts.

leaf composting operations
Leaf Composting Operations

Leaves are taken to the Department’s composting sites

food waste composting at rikers island
Food Waste Composting at Rikers Island
  • Rikers Island is the nation’s largest municipal prison system.
  • Self-contained island houses over 17,000 inmates and 7,000 officers.
  • Generates over 20 tons of food waste per day.
  • In 1996, construction completed of an enclosed, agitated-bay composting system.
food waste composting at rikers island1
Food Waste Composting at Rikers Island

Finished compost used for landscaping and gardening on Rikers Island

nyc compost project
NYC Compost Project
  • Compost outreach and education to residents and businesses.
  • Funded by DSNY, programs are carried out by staff at the City’s four Botanical Gardens and Lower East Side Ecology Center in Manhattan
electronics recycling events
Electronics Recycling Events
  • Sites throughout the five boroughs
  • Accepted:
    • Computers
    • Peripherals
    • TV’s and other A/V
    • Batteries
    • Cell-Phones
four fold increase in participation 2004 to 2008
Four-fold Increase in Participation 2004 to 2008

Electronics make up only 0.9% of NYC’s waste stream

…that’s 33,939.8 tons or 67,899,600 pounds a year

we cannot underestimate the barriers
We cannot underestimate the barriers
  • Lack of technological alternatives
  • Density (compliance)
  • Service provision (public workforce; free-market private sector)
  • Facility Siting
organic carbon
Organic = Carbon

Other options only involve siting because they process organics as a mass, without separate sorting