FAMILIES & POVERTY. Family Sociology – Professor Connie Gager. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=129914145. Families & Poverty. Despite many initiatives and billions of dollars, the percentage of people living below poverty has changed little over the past 30 years
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Family Sociology – Professor Connie Gager
Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census
Poverty by Race/Ethnicity
How do we measure Median Family Income?
Median family income reflects the income level at which one-half of all families in the U.S. earn more, and one-half earn less.
Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey http://factfinder.census.gov/home/saff/main.html?_lang=en. Retrieved 06/24/08.
Race and Ethnicity of Parents Receiving Temporary Assistance to Needy Families 2002
How do we define poverty?
How would you calculate the line that separates the poor from the nonpoor?
Who are the deserving poor and why has the definition changed?
Who is more likely to be in poverty today – children or the elderly?
CHILDREN – they cannot work and they cannot vote
Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) or welfare.
Year First Four Person Each Add’l
Person Family Person
1992 $6,810 $13,950 $2,380
1996 $7,740 $15,600 $2,620
1998 $8,050 $16,450 $2,800
2000 $8,350 $17,050 $2,900
2004 $9,310 $18,850 $3,180
2010 $10,830 $22,050 $3,740
* for the 48 contiguous states and D.C.
Source: Department of Health and Human Services http://www.os.dhhs.gov