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Learning To Use New Testament Greek. Lesson X. Revelation 21:3. καὶ ἤκουσα φωνῆς μεγάλης ἐκ τοῦ θρόνου λεγούσης, Ἰδοὺ ἡ σκηνὴ τοῦ θεοῦ μετὰ τῶν ἀνθρώπων, καὶ σκηνώσει μετ᾿ αὐτῶν, καὶ αὐτοὶ λαοὶ αὐτοῦ ἔσονται, καὶ αὐτὸς ὁ θεὸς μετ᾿ αὐτῶν ἔσται,. Revelation 21:4.

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revelation 21 3
Revelation 21:3

καὶ ἤκουσα φωνῆς μεγάλης ἐκ τοῦ θρόνου λεγούσης, Ἰδοὺ ἡ σκηνὴ τοῦ θεοῦ μετὰ τῶν ἀνθρώπων, καὶ σκηνώσει μετ᾿ αὐτῶν, καὶ αὐτοὶ λαοὶ αὐτοῦ ἔσονται, καὶ αὐτὸς ὁ θεὸς μετ᾿ αὐτῶν ἔσται,

revelation 21 4
Revelation 21:4

καὶ ἐξαλείψει πᾶν δάκρυον ἐκ τῶν ὀφθαλμῶν αὐτῶν, καὶ ὁ θάνατος οὐκ ἔσται ἔτι, οὔτε πένθος οὔτε κραυγὴ οὔτε πόνος οὐκ ἔσται ἔτι, ὅτι τὰ πρῶτα ἀπῆλθαν.

ii peter 2 18
II Peter 2:18

ὑπέρογκα γὰρ ματαιότητος φθεγγόμενοι δελεάζουσιν ἐν ἐπιθυμίαις σαρκὸς ἀσελγείαις τοὺς ὀλίγως ἀποφεύγοντας τοὺς ἐν πλάνῃ ἀναστρεφομένους,

matthew 25 33
Matthew 25:33

καὶ στήσει τὰ μὲν πρόβατα ἐκ δεξιῶν αὐτοῦ τὰ δὲ ἐρίφια ἐξ εὐωνύμων.

matthew 19 23 24
Matthew 19:23-24

Ὁ δὲ Ἰησοῦς εἶπεν τοῖς μαθηταῖς αὐτοῦ, Ἀμὴν λέγω ὑμῖν ὅτι πλούσιος δυσκόλως εἰσελεύσεται εἰς τὴν βασιλείαν τῶν οὐρανῶν. 24 πάλιν δὲ λέγω ὑμῖν, εὐκοπώτερόν ἐστιν κάμηλον διὰ τρυπήματος ῥαφίδος διελθεῖν ἢ πλούσιον εἰσελθεῖν εἰς τὴν βασιλείαν τοῦ θεοῦ.

matthew 19 27
Matthew 19:27

Τότε ἀποκριθεὶς ὁ Πέτρος εἶπεναὐτῷ, Ἰδοὺ ἡμεῖς ἀφήκαμεν πάντα καὶ ἠκολουθήσαμέν σοι· τί ἄρα ἔσται ἡμῖν

a ggelov oj
a[ggeloV, oJ

angel, messenger

ajgro v oj
ajgro;V, oJ

field

agrarian

ajdelfo v oj
ajdelfo’V, oJ

brother, fellow believer

Philadelphia

ajmartwlo v oj
aJmartwlo;V, oJ

sinner

hamartiology – study of sin

ajnqrwpov oj
ajnqrwpoV, oJ

man, person

anthropology

ajpo stolov oj
ajpo;stoloV, oJ

apostle, messenger

dia konov oj
dia;konoV, oJ

minister

deacon

dou lov oj
dou:loV, oJ

servant, slave

qa natov oj
qa;natoV, oJ

death

thanatology – study of death

qe ov oj
qe;oV, oJ

God, god

theology

ko smov oj
ko;smoV, oJ

world

cosmic

ku riov oj
ku;rioV, oJ

lord, master

li qov oj
li;qoV, oJ

stone

lithography

lo gov oj
lo;goV, oJ

word, message

logical

oi kov oj
oi\koV, oJ

house, household

economy

o clov oj
o[cloV, oJ

crowd

ochlocracy (mob rule)

dw ron to
dw:ron, to;

gift

donate

e rgon to
e[rgon, to;

work

erg = unit of work

ergonomic

eujalle lion to
eujalle’lion, to;

gospel

evangelical

ijero n to
iJero’n, to;

temple

hierarchy

e rhmov hj
e[rhmoV, hJ

wilderness, desert

hermit

ojdov hj
oJdoV, hJ

road, way

odometer

ginw skw
ginw;skw

I know

Gnostic

lamba nw
lamba;nw

I take, I receive

le gw
le;gw

I say, I speak

legend

fe rw
fe;rw

I bring, I bear

Christopher – bearer of Christ

slide40
de;

now, but

slide41
kai

and, also, even

nouns of the 2 nd declension
Nouns (of the 2nd declension)
  • names person, place, thing, quality or idea
  • John 1 “12 But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, to those who believe in His name: 13 who were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.”
    • blood is a noun
    • Greek aimatwn (Plural genitive noun)
      • English – mass noun (e.g. sugar)
      • Literally “bloods”
    • Indicates family lineage
distinctive features of a noun
Distinctive Features Of A Noun
  • Case
    • Nominative, Genitive, Dative, Accusative, **Vocative**
  • Gender
    • Masculine, Feminine, neuter
  • Number
    • Singular, plural
  • In Greek: Declensions
    • 1st, 2nd, 3rd (Refers to a group)
slide45
Case
  • Has to do with the function of the noun as it relates to the verb or to other parts of a sentence (Essentials Of New Testament Greek by Ray Summers)
    • Paul sent the churches a letter.
    • The churched sent Paul a letter.
      • English – subject + verb + IO + DO
      • Greek – word order not as critical to determine the subject of the sentence.
        • will be known by its ending
examples
Examples
  • Men see apostles.
    • blepou;si a[nqrwpoi ajpo;stolouV.
  • The wisdom of men.

2. ejdw:ken a[nqrwpoiV doma;ta.

  • He gave gifts to men.

3. hJ sofi;a a[nqrwpwv.

  • Apostles see men.

4. a[nqrwpous blepou;si ajpo;stoloi.

nominative case
Nominative Case
  • Indicates subject of the sentence.
  • Naming case
  • E.g. John saw Jesus coming to him.
  • oV, oi
genitive case
Genitive Case
  • The case which describes.
  • It specifies or qualifies.
  • Often thought of as the case of possession.
  • Often translated with use of word “of”.
  • E.g. The disciples of John fasted.
dative case
Dative Case
  • Case which points out the person to, or for, whom something is done.
  • Most often associated with the indirect object.
  • Often translated with word “to” or “for”.
  • E.g. Jesus was speaking words of truth to the crowd.
accusative case
Accusative Case
  • “Receives” the action of the verb or that which is directly affected by the action of the verb.
  • Known as the direct object.
  • Relative to the verb, it answers the question “what?”
  • E.g. Jesus was speaking words of truth to the crowd.
vocative case
Vocative Case
  • Not widely used
  • The case of direct address
  • E.g. Lord have mercy on us.
gender
Gender
  • Method of classification.
  • Types: Masculine, Feminine, Neuter
  • English – Nouns classified on basis of natural gender.
  • Greek – generally follows natural gender w/ living things.
  • Things, qualities, ideas are not necessarily neuter
  • Recognizing gender is important.
articles
Articles
  • a, an, the
  • noun marker or determiner
  • an adjective
  • “the” is definite – points to a specific thing
  • “a” or “an” is indefinite – general information
  • Greek has no indefinite article
articles1
Articles

anqrwpoV blepei apostolon.

A man sees an apostle.

oJ anqrwpos blepei ton apostolon.

The man sees the apostle.