ritalin and adderall n.
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Used for the treatment of ADHD. Ritalin and Adderall. Ritalin . Generic name: Methylphenidate Prescribed for the treatment of ADHD and Narcolepsy Stimulant Ritalin allows those with ADHD to concentrate and focus better Ritalin allows those with Narcolepsy to stay awake .

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Presentation Transcript
ritalin
Ritalin
  • Generic name: Methylphenidate
  • Prescribed for the treatment of ADHD and Narcolepsy
  • Stimulant
    • Ritalin allows those with ADHD to concentrate and focus better
    • Ritalin allows those with Narcolepsy to stay awake
ritalin1
Ritalin
  • Blocks the reuptake of dopamine and norepinephrine

Effects include:

  • Increased attentiveness, alertness
  • Euphoria and a sense of well being
  • Feelings of invincibility
adderall
Adderall
  • Generic name: Amphetamine
  • Prescribed for the treatment of ADHD and Narcolepsy
  • Adderall gives the same effects as Ritalin, but feelings of invincibility are much less common
street names
Street Names

Ritalin

Rids

Skittles

Uppers

Vitamin R

Jif

Rball

Kiddy Coke

Diet Coke

Smarties

Adderall

Speed

Beans

Black Beauties

Dexies

Pep Pills

Uppers

Christmas Trees

Beanies

Double Trouble

adderall1
Adderall
  • Adderall stimulates the brain into producing higher amounts of Dopamine
  • Adderall’s effects on the brain are more gradual than Ritalin
abuse
Abuse
  • Taken orally or crushed and snorted
  • Increases alertness, energy, attention
  • Increased dopamine release in higher doses, causing euphoria
abuse1
Abuse
  • These drugs, especially Ritalin, are often compared to cocaine when abused in high doses
  • They activate the same parts of the brain
abuse by college students
Abuse by College Students
  • A concerning epidemic is the use of Adderall and Ritalin by college students
  • Students use the drug to stay up late and study and for increased concentration on their tests, they believe they accomplish more on these drugs
abuse by women
Abuse by Women
  • Women commonly abuse these drugs to lose weight
  • Most people abusing Adderall and Ritalin lose 10 pounds or more
    • Increased heart rate and breathing, ultimately increasing metabolism
how do abusers get these drugs
How do abusers get these drugs?
  • Those who have ADHD may get a prescription and sell it $5-$10 per pill
  • It is easy to fake ADHD because there is no medical test to prove it
  • Some adults take their children’s prescription and use it or sell it
side effects
Side Effects
  • High BP, rapid heart rate
  • Shortness of breath
  • Insomnia
  • Headache
  • Loss of appetite- weight loss
  • Anxiety
  • Confusion
  • Delusions / hallucinations
  • Anger / hostility
  • Withdrawal when stopped
dangers of abuse
Dangers of Abuse
  • Respiratory problems (snorting)
  • Nasal Perforation (snorting)
  • Heart Arrhythmia
  • Psychotic episodes
  • Toxic shock
  • Extreme depression
  • Death from overdose
diagnoses of adhd on the rise
Diagnoses of ADHD on the rise
  • Diagnosis of ADHD in children has increased by 22% from 2003-2007
  • Each year since 1997, ADHD diagnoses have increased by 3%

Is this due to increased education of ADHD? Or are we simply over diagnosing active children?

production of meds
Production of Meds
  • Methylphenidate (Ritalin) Production:

19902000

1768 kg/ year 14,957 kg/ year

  • Amphetamine (Adderall) Production:

1990 2000

417 kg/ year 9,007 kg/ year

ways to prevent abuse
Ways to Prevent Abuse
  • Doctor’s need to rule out causation of behaviors before diagnosing ADHD
  • Alternative remedies for ADHD should be done before prescription is given
  • Doctors should know patients well enough before giving prescriptions