HUMAN AND MICROBIAL INTERACTION. Dr. Gemza Shah. NATURE OF INTERACTION BETWEEN MICROBES AND HUMAN. Transient microbiota may be present for days, weeks, or months Resident microbiota permanently colonize the host. .
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Dr. Gemza Shah
Pathogenic bacteria enter through:
Make the body more susceptible to disease
Production of FoodsMicrobes are a key component in both home and industrial food preparation. Lactic acid bacteria are used to make yogurt, cheese, sour cream, buttermilk and other fermented milk products. Vinegars are produced by bacterial acetic acid fermentation. Yeast is used in the manufacture of beer and wine and for the leavening of breads. It is also involved in fermentations to convert corn and other vegetable carbohydrates.
Medical, Pharmaceutical and Biotechnological ApplicationsCertain microbes can help us in the fight against other microbes. In human and veterinary medicine, that are used to treat and prevent infectious diseases, microbes are a source of antibiotics and vaccines.
Microbes and Humans The microbes that normally live in association with humans on the various surfaces of the body (called the normal flora), such as Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium, are known to protect their hosts from infections and otherwise promote nutrition and health
CHAIN OF INFECTION
The care provided by a skilled nurse is called nursing care. It has the utmost importance in limiting infectious diseases at this level.
By using aseptic measures which include:
1. CLEANING CONTAMINATED OBJECTS2. WASHING HANDS3. CHANGING SOILED DRESSINGS4. WEARING GLOVES
Normal flora may: