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2008 InternationalCounseling Psychology ConferenceMarch 6, Chicago, IL, USA Opening Session keynote panelists
Maria Eduarda DuarteUniversity of LisbonFaculty of Psychology & Educationmecduarte@netcabo.pt
Anticipating the future in Counseling Psychology • The state of Art in Portugal • Process of Counseling: individual psychological consulting (social, vocational, academic, personal, dysfunction themes) • The “glue” : psychological approach • Training: scientist-practitioner model • (Theoretical models: Savickas (2004); Smith (2006); James & Gilliland (2003); Duarte (2006) • Level and Kind of Interventions • - Educational, Health, Training, Employment • - “Career Guidance and Counseling Services”; Psychotherapy and Counseling Services”; “The National Institute of Employment”
CHALLENGES • Link to other scientists, and close collaboration with practitioners • New methodology for research: practice-based networks (Savickas, 2004) • Reframe counseling psychology (reduce social inequalities and foster equal opportunities) • Reconsider the prevalence of American models in psychological research (a framework for discussing key concerns)
What we can do? • Try harder to make research relevant and communicate • Try new counseling techniques • Re-consider the role of practice --- Conciliate the challenges with what we can do ---
Paths for future research • Construct contextualized models • Face counseling as process of continuous interactions • Use of interventions methods and techniques (from theoretical): self-knowledge and ecological variables • Psychological analysis, along with the analysis of cultural contexts • Production of inclusive models (based on the construction of plans for life). • A psychology for life construction: comprehensive models raised on inclusive constructs, in which differences, psychological and contextual, have to be consider
The Future? • To develop theory (empirically tested and systematically improved) which identifies, evaluates, specifies and establishes connections • Identifies idiographic definitions of success (the meaning of psychological dimensions) • Evaluate adjustments (the relationship of the individual within the context) • Specifies the components of knowledge acquisition (adaptability as a possibility of maintaining the identity) • Establishes connections with the individual and social, political, economic and cultural contexts
Counseling psychology is a psychology for life construction Counseling is a procedure to create a sense of shared citizenship Thank you!
References Duarte, M. E. (2002). The career counselling process with adults: just career counselling? Revista Portuguesa de Psicologia, 36, 25-34. Duarte, M. E. (2005). Assessment and “The global research village”: adapting psychological instruments. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance, 5, 163-173. Duarte, M. E. (2006a). Desenvolvimento e gestão de carreiras. Prelúdio e fugas (ou a psicologia da construção da vida). [Developing and managing careers. Prelude and fugues (or a psychology for life construction].Revista Portuguesa de Psicologia, 39, 41-62. Duarte, M. E. (2006b). Career counseling must construct contextualized models. In M. Savickas & R. Young (Convenors) Invited Symposium presented at the 26th International Congress of Applied Psychology, Athens, Greece, July 16-21. Duarte, M. E., Paixão, M. P., & Lima, M. R. (2007). Perspectives on Counseling Psychology: Portugal at a glance. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 56 (1), 119 -130. James R., & Gilliland, B. (2003). Theories and strategies in counselling and psychotherapy (5th ed.) Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon. Savickas, M. (2004a). The theory and practice of career construction. In S. Brown & R. Lent (Eds.), Career development and counselling. Putting theory and research to work (pp. 42-70). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. Savickas, M. (2004b). New methods for counselling research and its utilization. In Z. Hou (Chair) Symposium presented at the 28th International Congress of Psychology, Beijing, People´s Republic of China, August 8-13. Smith, E. (2006). The strength-based counselling model. The Counselling Psychologist, 34 (1), 13-79. Williamson, E., & and Bordin, E. (1941). The evaluation of vocational and educational counseling: A critique of the methodology of experiments. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 1, 5-24.