THINKING GEOGRAPHICALLY:. Why is Each Point on Earth Unique?. IT’S ALL ABOUT LOCATION, LOCATION, LOCATION!!. Location is the position something occupies on Earth and can be identified in four different ways: Place name Site Situation Mathematical location. NAME, SITE, SITUATION.
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THINKING GEOGRAPHICALLY: Why is Each Point on Earth Unique?
IT’S ALL ABOUT LOCATION, LOCATION, LOCATION!! • Location is the position something occupies on Earth and can be identified in four different ways: • Place name • Site • Situation • Mathematical location
NAME, SITE, SITUATION • Toponym – name given to a place on Earth • Site is the physical characteristics of a place • Example: climate, water sources, topography, soil, etc. • The characteristics of a site can be modified • Situation – location of a place relative to other places
MATHEMATICAL LOCATION • Meridian – arc drawn between the North and South poles • Known as longitude • Parallel – circle drawn around the globe parallel to the equator and perpindicular to meridians • Known as latitude
LONGITUDE • Prime Meridian – meridian passing through Greenwich, England at 0° longitude • All other meridians have numbers between 0° and 180° east or west depending on where they are in relation to the Prime Meridian • Longitude is important when telling time because travelling 15° east or west is equal to a 1 hour time difference.
LATITUDE • At 0° lies the equator. • All other meridians have numbers between 0° and 90° north or south depending on where they are in relation to the equator • Longitude and latitiude are used together to determine the precise location of a place
CULTURAL LANDSCAPE • Combination of features such as language and religion, economic features such as industry, and physical features such as climate and vegetation. • Regions gain their identity from a combination of characteristics.
FORMAL REGION Area within which everyone shares one or more characteristics in common. This can be due to a common language, economic activity, political beliefs, etc.
FUNCTIONAL REGION Area organized around a focal point. An example could be newspaper circulation.
VERNACULAR REGION Place people believe exists as part of their cultural identity. For example the southern region of the United States.