Friday – September 20, 2013 Add to SLM:. Concept #1 – Economic Prosperity Vocabulary: Naval Stores Subsidy Carolina Gold EQ : How did SC gain economic prosperity? (8.1.5). Take out a sheet of notebook paper and label your notes – Economic Prosperity. What is mercantilism?.
Take out a sheet of notebook paper and label your notes – Economic Prosperity
What was the goal of mercantilism?
Theory that colonies existed to bring profit to the mother country
Establish as many colonies as possible to gain wealth and power
How did colonies contribute to the wealth and power of their mother country?
Source of raw materials (things mother country did not have: gold, silver, timber, furs) and market for manufactured goods (clothing, tools, silverware)
What did the mother country do with its gold/silver?
Build powerful army/navy to protect its colonies and conquer its rivals.
Were mentioned earlier
as following the pattern
money was made
Furs and deerskins from the Native Americans
What group do you think provided the labor?
How did African Americans contribute to the early success of SC?
Labor force for herding cattle/hogs; already knew about herding cattle from Africa.
Settlers moving into backcountry took land from natives
Yamassee War disrupted the deerskin trade, cattle ranching, and farming immediately south and west of CharlesTown and deep into the backcountry.
What impact did the Yamassee War have on SC?
Disrupted trade, cattle ranching and farming south and west of CharlesTown and into the backcountry
Because many early Carolina settlers came from Barbados, Carolinians established a thriving trade with this Caribbean island
Native American slaves
Salted beef and pork became two main exports from colony.
to the people
By 1720, SC produced more naval stores than any other colony in the empire
Extra payment or bounty (paid to encourage colonists to produce a certain product)
Why would Barbados buy cattle, hogs, and Indian slaves from SC?
½ of initial settlers were from Barbados and had relationship; didn’t have room on island to graze animals for food; needed slaves to work sugar cane
It was like other southern colonies – with an economy largely based on the plantation system
most of the crops that developed were labor intensive
Virginia had begun with mainly indentured servants
By the time of the settlement of Carolinas there were few workers willing to accept a contract of indenture so…
Initially, Carolina planters tried to use Native American (“Indian”) workers but…
Two reasons this wouldn’t work…
In the Lowcountry conditions made it good for rice planting
Good port at Charles Town
along the coast
and into the interior
As a result of these geographic conditions and use of natural resources a flourishing trade made Carolina a profitable colony
Why would this be a good thing?
brought their slaves with them…
These Africans had knowledge brought from their own native lands including
how to tend cattle and
how to cultivate rice
They were also
used to harvest naval stores and
used to harvest lumber
African slaves contributed to a thriving trade with Barbados and Britain
Determination of the settlers and work of their slaves resulted in more agriculture
Rice known as
became a staple crop and
the source of long term prosperity