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Don’t be Surprised by Actual Cash Value (“ACV”) . Presented by Mark Roberton – Nexen Tom O’Leary – FMC Norma Reimer – Trek. Some ACV Background. Historical form of Insurance Strict Indemnification Alternative Covers today RCV Guaranteed Replacement Cost Stated/Agreed Value forms.

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don t be surprised by actual cash value acv

Don’t be Surprised by Actual Cash Value (“ACV”)

Presented by

Mark Roberton – Nexen

Tom O’Leary – FMC

Norma Reimer – Trek

some acv background
Some ACV Background
  • Historical form of Insurance
  • Strict Indemnification
  • Alternative Covers today
    • RCV
    • Guaranteed Replacement Cost
    • Stated/Agreed Value forms
why is acv relevant today
Why Is ACV Relevant Today?
  • Remains in virtually all policies as a Settlement Option
  • When is it a settlement option?
    • When Insured chooses
    • When repair/replacement hasn’t begun in timely matter

Bottom Line…

Risk Managers Need To Be Well-Familiar with ACV & when it should be used as an option!

risk management issues
Risk Management Issues
  • Focus on the Cover in current policies
  • Fit with Actual Asset Replacement Plans?

Replace v. Don’t Replace v. Replace with Something Else

  • Talk to your Business Units!!
  • What should you actually insure?
  • Communicate clearly internally and with insurers

● Can Cover Be Amended?

where might acv be used
Where Might ACV Be Used?

Can’t complete repairs on timely basis

Would prefer the Cash – rather than repair/replace

Company is Cash constrained (e.g. exhaust insurance available)

Can’t or Don’t want to meet Specific RC requirements

actual cash value acv y ou may need to know
ACTUAL CASH VALUE (ACV)You may need to know…

Disclaimer

Not an ACV Expert

Not representing Clients (past or future)

Not representing my firm

Maybe not even representing me (in the future)

Any Resemblance to Real Life Is Purely Accidental!

practically thinking about acv non lawyer viewpoint
Practically Thinking about ACV (Non-lawyer viewpoint)
  • Does Actual Cash Value Define Itself?
  • If ACV = Market Value Approach

V. Fair Market Value

V. Value to Owner

V. How much would you Pay?

practically thinking about acv non lawyer viewpoint1
Practically Thinking about ACV (Non-lawyer viewpoint)

Market Value usually = Fair Market Value

FMV is “Highest price available in an open market, between prudent parties both willing to transact, in terms of cash, at a point in time”

What about Value to OwnerConsiderations??

“Refers to all economic (and non-economic) benefits that accrue from ownership” – e.g. Owner may generate higher benefits due to personal contacts, etc.

practically thinking about acv non lawyer viewpoint2
Practically Thinking about ACV (Non-lawyer viewpoint)

ACV = Replacement Value Less Depreciation?

(but if it’s a partial loss maybe no depreciation – question is would the repair leave you better off?)

Incidentally, What Is Depreciation?

Is Depreciation the Flip side of Betterment? Maybe…

practically thinking about acv non lawyer viewpoint3
Practically Thinking about ACV (Non-lawyer viewpoint)
  • Per Tom, “Depreciation” Is:
  • Physical Depreciation (probably for sure)
  • Sometimes “Depreciation” is broader and also includes:
    • Obsolescence
    • e.g. Functional (including technological) and Economic Obsolescence
  • Sometimes Depreciation is spelled out
actual cash value v replacement value an illustration
Actual Cash Value v. Replacement Value – An Illustration

Replacement<Replacement

of the Old >with New

= (ACV)= (RC)

actual cash value v replacement value an illustration1
Actual Cash Value v. Replacement Value –An Illustration

Replacement Replacement

of the old = (ACV)with new = (RC)

going through acv quantification
Going Through ACV Quantification

Say you are going with this guideline:

ACV =

Replacement Cost Less ● Depreciation

● Functional, ● Technical, & ● Economic Obsolescence

quantifying replacement value
Quantifying Replacement Value
  • Lesser of:
    • Replacement Cost
    • Repair with Materials of Like Kind & Quality
  • May need outside assistance unless you recently built a similar asset
    • Favourite/Likely Contractor or Engineering Firm
    • Not Free
quantifying replacement value1
Quantifying Replacement Value
  • Don’t forget the Soft Costs like…
    • Engineering and Project Management (outside)
    • Head office costs of project management
      • Engineering ● Supervision
      • Inspections ● QA/QC
      • Safety ● Builder’s Insurance
what depreciation isn t
What Depreciation Isn’t…
  • Accounting Depreciation
  • Or -
  • Tax Depreciation!
what depreciation is or may be
What Depreciation Is – or – May Be…
  • We can probably safely say Depreciation includes Physical Depreciation
illustrations
Illustrations…

Physical

Depreciation

quantifying physical depreciation
Quantifying Physical Depreciation

Assuming you have a total loss…

  • Consider the Whole
  • Consider the Parts
        • are you really better off with physically new?
  • Remember Not Accounting or Tax
  • May need some outside assistance here – asset or equipment appraisers
what depreciation is or may be1
What Depreciation Is – or – May Be…
  • Depreciation May (but not necessarily) also include…
    • Obsolescence
      • Technical
      • Functional
      • Economic

What the heck are these things?

illustrations1
Illustrations…

Technical

Obsolescence

quantifying technical obsolescence
Quantifying Technical Obsolescence
  • Consider Efficiency – better with old or new?
  • Technological change does not mean technological obsolescence
  • Consult your own Operators
  • Is there Negative Technical Obsolescence?
    • New replacement requires other upgrades?
    • Old equipment was grandfathered
illustrations2
Illustrations…

Functional

Obsolescence

quantifying functional obsolescence
Quantifying Functional Obsolescence
  • Can be thought of as Capacity and Capability
  • Function or Capacity Not Being Used
  • Or – No longer works
  • Some Defensive Arguments:
    • Long term v. Current – Demand goes up and down
    • Frequent v. Infrequent – Still needed sometimes
    • Function was still valuable to potential buyer
functional obsolescence cont d
Functional Obsolescence Cont’d
  • For Help on Functional…
    • Start with the Operators (immediate use)
    • Go to the Higher Level/Strategic managers (longer term view & value to others)
    • Potentially go to appraisers
illustrations3
Illustrations…

$$$Economic Obsolescence $$$ Earnings?

Fashion?

Keeping-Up?

economic obsolescence
Economic Obsolescence

More Externally-Driven Declines in Value -- Probably the most unclear…

Does your asset make you money?

Would your asset make someone else more money?

Will your asset make more money than its replacement cost over time?

economic obsolescence cont d
Economic Obsolescence cont’d
  • Issues to Consider
    • Long term v. Short term outlook
    • Foregone long term opportunity
    • Cash flow sensitivities
  • Who can Help?
    • Your company’s economic/strategic planners
    • CBV’s with insurance background 
conclusions
Conclusions

Keeping alive the option to replace can be helpful

Just being aware of the issues in adjusting ACV is half the battle!

actual cash value acv is recovery the same in these scenarios
ACTUAL CASH VALUE (ACV)Is recovery the same in these scenarios?

Actual Cash Value Coverage

  • Replace with new
  • Walk away

Replacement Cost Coverage

  • Replace but not within provisions
  • Walk away