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Chapter 9
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Chapter 9

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  1. Chapter 9 Room Planning—Service Area 1

  2. The Service Area • The service area supplements the living and sleeping areas of the house. • Supplies equipment and space for: • Maintenance. • Storage. • Service. • Includes kitchen, clothes care center, garage or carport, utility, and storage. 2

  3. The Service Area 3

  4. Kitchen • The principal use of the kitchen is food preparation • The kitchen is usually the most expensive room in the house per square foot. 4

  5. Kitchen • Contemporary, functional kitchen. 5 (Pittsburgh Corning Corporation)

  6. Kitchen Planning • Planning an efficient kitchen involves: • Placement of appliances. • Providing adequate storage cabinets. • Providing food preparation facilities. 6

  7. Kitchen Planning • This contemporary kitchen has ample space for storage, food preparation facilities, and appliances. 7 (Wilsonart International)

  8. Kitchen Work Centers • Kitchen work centers include: • Food preparation center. • Cleanup center. • Cooking center. • Consider the logical location of each of the kitchen work centers to minimize walking and increase efficiency. 8

  9. Kitchen Work Center 9 (Lis King)

  10. Kitchen Work Triangle • The work triangle is one measure of kitchen efficiency. • The distance from the front-center of the range to the refrigerator to the sink and back to the range is the length of the work triangle. • The total distance should not exceed 22 feet. 10

  11. Kitchen Work Triangle • This work triangle is an efficient 17'-4". 11

  12. Kitchen Storage • The food and cooking utensils are stored near the work areas. 12

  13. Kitchen Storage 13 (Wilsonart International)

  14. Basic Kitchen Styles • There are six basic kitchen styles: • straight-line kitchen. • L-shaped kitchen. • Corridor kitchen. • Island kitchen. • U-shaped kitchen. • Peninsula kitchen. 14

  15. Straight-Line Kitchen • The straight-line kitchen is frequently used in cottages and apartments. • Little space is required for this design. • Disadvantages are: • Provides limited amount of cabinet space. • Not very interesting. • It is seldom chosen when space is available for another style. 15

  16. Straight-Line Kitchen 16

  17. L-Shaped Kitchen • The L-shaped kitchen is located along two adjacent walls. • It is an efficient design. • It is more attractive than a straight-line kitchen. • It has two work centers along one wall. • Not intended for large kitchens. 17

  18. L-Shaped Kitchen 18

  19. L-Shaped Kitchen • This L-shaped kitchen has lots of cabinet space and a contemporary decor. 19 (Manufactured Housing Institute)

  20. L-Shaped Kitchen 20

  21. Corridor Kitchen • The corridor kitchen is located along two walls opposite each other. • Usually small to medium in size; ideal for a long, narrow room. • An efficient arrangement is possible. • A major disadvantage is the traffic through the kitchen. 21

  22. Corridor Kitchen 22

  23. U-Shaped Kitchen • The U-shaped kitchen is the most popular kitchen design. • It has a high level of efficiency and is very attractive. • Has no traffic through the kitchen. • The work triangle is functional and compact. • Medium-size kitchen. 23

  24. U-Shaped Kitchen 24

  25. U-Shaped Kitchen 25

  26. U-Shaped Kitchen 26

  27. Peninsula Kitchen • The peninsula kitchen provides plenty of workspace and has a compact work triangle. • Easily joined to the dining room using the peninsula as a divider. • The peninsula may be used as a cooking or food preparation center. • Reduces traffic through the kitchen. 27

  28. Peninsula Kitchen 28

  29. Peninsula Kitchen • Peninsula used as an eating area that can double as a hobby area. 29 (Manufactured Housing Institute)

  30. Peninsula Kitchen • Peninsula used for food preparation. 30 (Wood-Mode Cabinetry)

  31. Island Kitchen • The island kitchen may be a modification of other designs. • The island may house the sink, cooking center, food preparation center, or serve as a countertop or snack bar. • The island should be accessible from all sides. • Clearance space around the island should be at least 4 feet. 31

  32. Island Kitchen 32

  33. Island Kitchen • Island with a sink. 33

  34. Island Kitchen • Island serves as a cooking center. 34 (Lis King)

  35. Island Kitchen • Island as a food preparation center. 35 (Lis King)

  36. Cabinets and Appliances • Appliances are available in a variety of styles, colors, and sizes. • Kitchen cabinets provide the majority of storage space. • Cabinets are produced in standard sizes in 3" multiples. • Base cabinets are 34-1/2" H and 24" D. • Wall cabinets are 12" to 30" H and 12" or 13" D. 36

  37. Appliance Symbols 37

  38. Section Through Cabinets 38

  39. Kitchen Plans 39

  40. Kitchen Location • The kitchen location is important. • It is the prime element of the service area. • Its relationship to other areas of house requires careful evaluation. • Locate it near the service entrance. • Locate it near the dining room. • Locate it near the laundry and a bath. 40

  41. Kitchen Ventilation • Ventilation is required in the kitchen. • A hood is better thana wall fan. • Exhaust must be to the outside. 41

  42. Kitchen Decor • Decor should be pleasant. • Work centers should be well lighted. • Select colors and styles that are pleasant. 42 (Photo Courtesy of Kohler Co.)

  43. Kitchen Design Ideas • Island kitchen with breakfast area. 43

  44. Kitchen Design Ideas • U-shaped kitchen near dining room. 44

  45. Clothes Care Centers • Clothes care centers provide a location and facilities for washing, drying, pressing, folding, storing, and mending clothes. • Intended to be more than a “utility room.” • Should be bright and cheerful and located near the kitchen, if possible. • Should be ventilated and well lighted. 45

  46. Clothes Care Center • Convenient storage. 46

  47. Clothes Care Center • Ample storage. 47 (Wood-Mode Cabinetry)

  48. Clothes Care Center • Ample counterspace and durable floor. 48

  49. Clothes Care Center Design 49

  50. Clothes Care Center Design 50