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Chapter 9. Room Planning—Service Area. The Service Area. The service area supplements the living and sleeping areas of the house. Supplies equipment and space for: Maintenance. Storage. Service. Includes kitchen, clothes care center, garage or carport, utility, and storage.

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Chapter 9


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    1. Chapter 9 Room Planning—Service Area 1

    2. The Service Area • The service area supplements the living and sleeping areas of the house. • Supplies equipment and space for: • Maintenance. • Storage. • Service. • Includes kitchen, clothes care center, garage or carport, utility, and storage. 2

    3. The Service Area 3

    4. Kitchen • The principal use of the kitchen is food preparation • The kitchen is usually the most expensive room in the house per square foot. 4

    5. Kitchen • Contemporary, functional kitchen. 5 (Pittsburgh Corning Corporation)

    6. Kitchen Planning • Planning an efficient kitchen involves: • Placement of appliances. • Providing adequate storage cabinets. • Providing food preparation facilities. 6

    7. Kitchen Planning • This contemporary kitchen has ample space for storage, food preparation facilities, and appliances. 7 (Wilsonart International)

    8. Kitchen Work Centers • Kitchen work centers include: • Food preparation center. • Cleanup center. • Cooking center. • Consider the logical location of each of the kitchen work centers to minimize walking and increase efficiency. 8

    9. Kitchen Work Center 9 (Lis King)

    10. Kitchen Work Triangle • The work triangle is one measure of kitchen efficiency. • The distance from the front-center of the range to the refrigerator to the sink and back to the range is the length of the work triangle. • The total distance should not exceed 22 feet. 10

    11. Kitchen Work Triangle • This work triangle is an efficient 17'-4". 11

    12. Kitchen Storage • The food and cooking utensils are stored near the work areas. 12

    13. Kitchen Storage 13 (Wilsonart International)

    14. Basic Kitchen Styles • There are six basic kitchen styles: • straight-line kitchen. • L-shaped kitchen. • Corridor kitchen. • Island kitchen. • U-shaped kitchen. • Peninsula kitchen. 14

    15. Straight-Line Kitchen • The straight-line kitchen is frequently used in cottages and apartments. • Little space is required for this design. • Disadvantages are: • Provides limited amount of cabinet space. • Not very interesting. • It is seldom chosen when space is available for another style. 15

    16. Straight-Line Kitchen 16

    17. L-Shaped Kitchen • The L-shaped kitchen is located along two adjacent walls. • It is an efficient design. • It is more attractive than a straight-line kitchen. • It has two work centers along one wall. • Not intended for large kitchens. 17

    18. L-Shaped Kitchen 18

    19. L-Shaped Kitchen • This L-shaped kitchen has lots of cabinet space and a contemporary decor. 19 (Manufactured Housing Institute)

    20. L-Shaped Kitchen 20

    21. Corridor Kitchen • The corridor kitchen is located along two walls opposite each other. • Usually small to medium in size; ideal for a long, narrow room. • An efficient arrangement is possible. • A major disadvantage is the traffic through the kitchen. 21

    22. Corridor Kitchen 22

    23. U-Shaped Kitchen • The U-shaped kitchen is the most popular kitchen design. • It has a high level of efficiency and is very attractive. • Has no traffic through the kitchen. • The work triangle is functional and compact. • Medium-size kitchen. 23

    24. U-Shaped Kitchen 24

    25. U-Shaped Kitchen 25

    26. U-Shaped Kitchen 26

    27. Peninsula Kitchen • The peninsula kitchen provides plenty of workspace and has a compact work triangle. • Easily joined to the dining room using the peninsula as a divider. • The peninsula may be used as a cooking or food preparation center. • Reduces traffic through the kitchen. 27

    28. Peninsula Kitchen 28

    29. Peninsula Kitchen • Peninsula used as an eating area that can double as a hobby area. 29 (Manufactured Housing Institute)

    30. Peninsula Kitchen • Peninsula used for food preparation. 30 (Wood-Mode Cabinetry)

    31. Island Kitchen • The island kitchen may be a modification of other designs. • The island may house the sink, cooking center, food preparation center, or serve as a countertop or snack bar. • The island should be accessible from all sides. • Clearance space around the island should be at least 4 feet. 31

    32. Island Kitchen 32

    33. Island Kitchen • Island with a sink. 33

    34. Island Kitchen • Island serves as a cooking center. 34 (Lis King)

    35. Island Kitchen • Island as a food preparation center. 35 (Lis King)

    36. Cabinets and Appliances • Appliances are available in a variety of styles, colors, and sizes. • Kitchen cabinets provide the majority of storage space. • Cabinets are produced in standard sizes in 3" multiples. • Base cabinets are 34-1/2" H and 24" D. • Wall cabinets are 12" to 30" H and 12" or 13" D. 36

    37. Appliance Symbols 37

    38. Section Through Cabinets 38

    39. Kitchen Plans 39

    40. Kitchen Location • The kitchen location is important. • It is the prime element of the service area. • Its relationship to other areas of house requires careful evaluation. • Locate it near the service entrance. • Locate it near the dining room. • Locate it near the laundry and a bath. 40

    41. Kitchen Ventilation • Ventilation is required in the kitchen. • A hood is better thana wall fan. • Exhaust must be to the outside. 41

    42. Kitchen Decor • Decor should be pleasant. • Work centers should be well lighted. • Select colors and styles that are pleasant. 42 (Photo Courtesy of Kohler Co.)

    43. Kitchen Design Ideas • Island kitchen with breakfast area. 43

    44. Kitchen Design Ideas • U-shaped kitchen near dining room. 44

    45. Clothes Care Centers • Clothes care centers provide a location and facilities for washing, drying, pressing, folding, storing, and mending clothes. • Intended to be more than a “utility room.” • Should be bright and cheerful and located near the kitchen, if possible. • Should be ventilated and well lighted. 45

    46. Clothes Care Center • Convenient storage. 46

    47. Clothes Care Center • Ample storage. 47 (Wood-Mode Cabinetry)

    48. Clothes Care Center • Ample counterspace and durable floor. 48

    49. Clothes Care Center Design 49

    50. Clothes Care Center Design 50