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P.S.Flower RAL

P.S.Flower RAL

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P.S.Flower RAL

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  1. The selection of an adhesive for bonding the VPT’s to the PbWO4 crystals in the end cap electromagnetic calorimeters P.S.Flower RAL P.S.Flower RAL PPD, CMS Meeting CERN, 1st. Feb 2000.

  2. ContentsDow Corning RTV 3145 • Adhesive Requirements • Refractive index • Transmission • Radiation damage • Gluing • Drying of glue • Handling • Unbonding • Conclusion P.S.Flower RAL PPD, CMS Meeting CERN, 1st. Feb 2000.

  3. Refractive index between 1.5 and 2.18 Transmits UV Does not darken under radiation Does not embrittle under radiation Bonds well Does not impose stresses on crystal Stable for life of experiment Does not form bubbles Dries quickly Easy to use Can be unbonded Requirements P.S.Flower RAL PPD, CMS Meeting CERN, 1st. Feb 2000.

  4. The effect of μ of adhesive P.S.Flower RAL PPD, CMS Meeting CERN, 1st. Feb 2000.

  5. Refractive index of RTV • a = 12.79 b = 115.38c = -11.92 d = -74.69 P.S.Flower RAL PPD, CMS Meeting CERN, 1st. Feb 2000.

  6. Sample preparation • 1 mm quartz or glass plates • CleanEthyl alcohol Distilled water 2.5 % solution Decon 90 Distilled water Distilled water • Adhesive 157 μ 898 μ 1586 μ P.S.Flower RAL PPD, CMS Meeting CERN, 1st. Feb 2000.

  7. Calculation of transmission • Use different thicknesses of adhesive • Eliminate refractive index and glass absorption terms P.S.Flower RAL PPD, CMS Meeting CERN, 1st. Feb 2000.

  8. Sample measurement • λ 20 Dual beam spectrophotometer • Collimate beam • Sample must be perpendicular to beam • accurately positioned ±10 μ • Reproducibly positioned P.S.Flower RAL PPD, CMS Meeting CERN, 1st. Feb 2000.

  9. Results P.S.Flower RAL PPD, CMS Meeting CERN, 1st. Feb 2000.

  10. Absorption of DOW RTV3145 • Comparison of results with published data, M.Montecchi RTV3145 P.S.Flower RAL PPD, CMS Meeting CERN, 1st. Feb 2000.

  11. γ Irradiation of samples • Brunel 15 Gy/h • 1.7 Ci 60Co • P Bonner MRC3.16 kGy/h • 2 off 2000Ci 60Co P.S.Flower RAL PPD, CMS Meeting CERN, 1st. Feb 2000.

  12. γ Irradiation, results • 205 kGy in 64 hours, adhesive 1155 μ thick • 205 kGy in 64 hours, adhesive 66 μ thick P.S.Flower RAL PPD, CMS Meeting CERN, 1st. Feb 2000.

  13. Gluing procedure • Fill syringe with RTV Dow 3145 • Centrifuge for 1 min at app. 3800 rpm, (2000 g) • Dispense resin. Settings Gas 80 psi, Grey, taper tip nozzle, time 1.35 sec • Press VPT on to crystal, allow meniscus to form. • Hold in position for 2 hours • EFD 1500XL Dispenser P.S.Flower RAL PPD, CMS Meeting CERN, 1st. Feb 2000.

  14. Tests on resins 22 mm discs on 26 mm squares, cleaned 0.9mm microscope slides • 5 samples DOW RTV 3145, high viscosity • Resin thickness 0.119 ± 0.010 mm • Skew mean 3.9 m rad. • One part resin, constant viscosity, long usable time • 4 samples DOW Sylgard, low viscosity • Resin thickness 0.023 ± 0.003 mm • Skew mean 0.7 m rad. • Two part resin, variable viscosity, short usable time P.S.Flower RAL PPD, CMS Meeting CERN, 1st. Feb 2000.

  15. Manufacturers spec Skin over time 50 min (25) Tack free time 1.5 hrs Cure, 0.5 mm 24 hours Cure 3.2 mm 72 hours Full cure 3.2 mm 7 days Cures by neutral alkoxy reaction with moisture in the air. Releases methanol on curing 98% Non volatile 50 % humidity at 23 ºC taken as normal At less than 30% humidity, curing slowed Curing, Manufacturers Spec. P.S.Flower RAL PPD, CMS Meeting CERN, 1st. Feb 2000.

  16. Curing measurements • Student, C Pattison, noticed adhesive in syringe picked up colour from rubber plunger • This colour disappeared when adhesive dried P.S.Flower RAL PPD, CMS Meeting CERN, 1st. Feb 2000.

  17. Drying tests • Initially all thicknesses dry at same speed • Curing is moisture diffusion process • After 48 hours, when the glue has dried about 4 mm; 100 micron glue dries at about 1 mm/day500 micron glue dries at about 1.4 mm/day P.S.Flower RAL PPD, CMS Meeting CERN, 1st. Feb 2000.

  18. Handling Tests on Dow Corning RTV 3145 • After 5 min no slip observed • After 30 min 100 g supported • After 35 min 200 g supported • After 40 min 225 g broke free weight 32 mm dia glass bottle Glass plate P.S.Flower RAL PPD, CMS Meeting CERN, 1st. Feb 2000.

  19. Unbonding • Literature suggests acidulated dichloromethane dissolves RTV3145. • Nitromorse paint stripper contains dichloromethane. • Unstuck bottle, 24 hours after gluing with 20 hours soaking in nitromorse. • RAL “resin rotter” is dichloromethane, phenol and formic acid. P.S.Flower RAL PPD, CMS Meeting CERN, 1st. Feb 2000.

  20. Refractive index UV Transmission Radiation darkening Radiation embrittlement Adhesive bonding Stresses on crystal Long term stability Bubbles Drying Ease of use Can be unbonded OK OK OK OK OK OK Not tested OK OK OK Not yet solved ConclusionDow Corning RTV3145 P.S.Flower RAL PPD, CMS Meeting CERN, 1st. Feb 2000.