US History Chapter 3 Section 3
Back in England • Puritans controlled Parliament • Charles I was persecuting Puritans • Oliver Cromwell – led the forces to defeat the king, later the “Protector” • Charles I – beheaded in 1649 • Those loyal to the king went to Virginia • Charles II – king restored with limited powers • Called Restoration – the monarchy was restored
And, the Dutch? • New Amsterdam – on Manhattan Island • In between two British colonies • Became a major port for trade in the Americas • Dutch West India Company – offered incentives to come to the Americas • Patroons– riverfront estates • Own courts and laws
England wants more… • England wanted New Netherland • Peter Stuyvesant – governor of the Dutch colony, taxed with strict rule • Duke of York – Charles II’s brother was given the old Dutch colony • Thus, renamed “New York” • Proprietary Colony – colony in which the owner, or proprietor, owned all of the land and controlled the government • Offered religious freedom – first Jews settle here • New Amsterdam renamed “New York City” • Colonists forced the Duke of York to allow an elected legislature
DFS 3-3 Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the answer.
More? • New Jersey – the Southern part of the Duke of York’s territory • Given to Lord John Berkeley and Sir George Carteret • Named the colony after an island in England where Carteret was born • Promised trial by jury, large plots of land, religious freedom, and representative assembly • No port, so no profits • Sold back to the King by 1702 (Royal Colony)
Quaker State • Pennsylvania – a “holy experiment” • William Penn – given land by the king to relieve the king’s debt to Penn’s family • First town planner (Philadelphia) • Wrote the state’s constitution • Made treaties with the Native Americans • Quakers – (Society of Friends) – Protestant religious dissenters • Believed everyone has an “inner light” to save them • Church services and ministers are unnecessary • Pacifists – people who refuse to use force or to fight in wars • Considered threats to establishment • Philadelphia – Greek for “city of brotherly love” • Delaware – southern 3 colonies of Penn. • Allowed to have their own legislature
Checking for Understanding Define Match the terms on the right with their definitions on the left. __ 1. landowner in the Dutch colonies who ruled like a king over large areas of land __ 2. person opposed to the use of war or violence to settle disputes __ 3. colony run by individuals or groups to whom land was granted A. patroon B. proprietary colony C. pacifist A C B Section 3-14 Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the answers.