非谓语动词 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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非谓语动词
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非谓语动词

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  1. 非谓语动词 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com 1

  2. “非谓语非谓语”,就是不是谓语的动词呗! 什么是非谓 语动词啊? 。。。。。。 那不是谓语 是什么呢? 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  3. 英语一句话只能有一个主谓结构 如果出现更多动词: • 加连词(and / but / so…) • 放入从句 • 变为非谓语动词 主语、谓语、宾语、定语、状语、补语 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  4. The famous doctor helped the pregnant woman to give birth to a baby last Friday. 主 谓 宾 定 状 补 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com 2

  5. The pregnant woman was helped 状 补 主 to give birth to a baby last Friday. 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  6. 非谓语动词 不定式 to + v 动词的v-ing 过去分词 v-ed 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  7. 区 别 将要发生的 • to + v • v-ing • v-ed 同时发生 被动 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  8. hope, expect, intend, want, plan, promise, ask, refuse, decide, determine, learn, prepare + to do admit, finish, appreciate, miss + -ing 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  9. stop/remember/forget/go on/regret • to do 去做... -ing 正在做... 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  10. C • She reached the top of the hill and stopped _ on a big rock to see the rising sun. A. to have rested B. resting C. to rest D. rest • You were brave enough to raise objections at the meeting. Well, now I regret _ that. A. to do B. to be doing C. to have done D. having done D 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  11. see, watch, hear, feel, notice • -ing 主动, 正在做... do主动, 动作过程 done 被动 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  12. A • They knew her very well. They had seen her _ up from childhood. A. grow B. grew C. was growing D. to grow • I’ve heard him _ about you often. A. talked B. talks C. talk D. to talk C 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  13. 打算做 意味着 • mean to do doing • If you think that treating a woman well means always _ her permission for things, think again. (06湖南) • A. gets B. got C. to get D. getting D 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  14. 判定题目是否考察非谓语 非谓语动词题目三步走: • 谓语动词/句型的要求 • 主被动关系 • 时间先后顺序 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  15. C • He walked down the hills, _ softly to himself. A. sing B. sings C. singing D. was singing • He walked down the hills, and _ softly to himself. A. sing B. sings C. singing D. was singing D 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  16. B • Stop running and you will feel your heart _ faster than ever. A. beat B. beating C. beaten D. was beating • Having passed all the tests, she felt a great weight _ off her mind. A. taking B. taken C. take D. to be taken B 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  17. 一般式 完成式 主动 被动 主动 被动 to do -ing done 非谓语动词的 9 种形式 have done have been done be done to be done to have done to have been done to do being done doing having have done having been done done 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  18. to do 和to have done • I am sorry to hear that. • I am sorry to have heard that. • I am sorry to have said that. • I am sorry to say that. 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  19. 作定语 • 作宾语 • 作补语 • 作状语 • 作主语 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  20. 犹如灯塔的光芒, 这一庄严 千万在那摧残生命的不义之火中受煎熬 宣言 给 的黑奴带来了希望。 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  21. 作定语 位置 时间先后 (与谓语动词) 语态 to do (之后)将来 主动 -ing (同时)进行 主动 1前2后 -ed 被动 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  22. -ing和-ed形容词 • 单个-ed/-ed, 前置 -ing+名词:表示用途 a swimming pool=a pool for swimming a reading room=a room for reading 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  23. 后置定语相当于省略的定语从句 • The girl who is sitting in the corner is adorable. • We visited a temple which was built 200 years ago. 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  24. ■The vegetables which are sold in this shop are grown without chemicals. • The houses which are being built are for the survivors in the quake. 27 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  25. ■The girl who has passed the exam is my gf. having 错(完成式不能作定语) 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  26. -ing/-ed形容词: • –ing: 主动; • -ed: 被动; 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  27. an exciting news a broken heart a moving film the moved audience an interesting story a satisfied smile -ing形容词多修饰物 -ed形容词多修饰人或与人有关的物 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  28. frightened/frightening frightened/frightening • He is_________. • He has a _________ look on his face. frightened frightening 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  29. moved moving • Everyone was _____ by the ______ story. (move) • He was _______ with the ________  person. (annoy) annoyed annoying 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  30. C Did you enjoy yourself at the party? Yes. I’ve never been to _ one before. (06四川) A. a more excited B. the most excited C. a more exciting D. the most exciting 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  31. D Poor boy! His _ looks and _hands suggested he was very afraid. A. frightening; trembling   B. frightened; trembled     C. frightening; trembled               D. frightened; trembling 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  32. C The problems _ at the meeting tomorrow are really hard to solve. A. discussed B. to discuss C. to be discussed D. discussing 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  33. B • The flowers __ sweet in the garden attract the visitors to the beauty of nature. (2004上海) A. to smell B. smelling C. smelt D. to be smelt 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  34. Mr. Green stood up in defense of the 16-year-old boy, saying that he was not the one __. (2006安徽) A. blamed B. blaming C. to blame D. to be blamed 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  35. 主动表被动: 感官动词smell/sound/taste... blame/worth/worthy/worthwhile 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  36. 作宾语 I love you. I love walking along the seaside with you. I love to walk along the seaside with you. 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  37. 常用to do作宾语的动词 • 常用-ing作宾语的动词 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  38. -ing/to do作宾语的变形 to do -ing 被动 to be done being done having 完成 have done to have done 完成被动 to have been done having have been done 39 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  39. The squirrel (松鼠) was lucky that it just missed _.A. catching B. to be caughtC. being caught D. to catch C 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  40. Police are now searching for a woman who is reported to _ since the flood hit the area last Friday. (06山东)A. have been missingB. have got lostC. be missingD. get lost A 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  41. 作定语 • 作宾语 • 作补语 • 作状语 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  42. 作补语 发出 发出 人/物1 主语 动作1 谓语 人/物2 宾语 动作2 补语 作用在 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  43. 感 官 动 词 see watch do hear + sb./sth. + doing feel done notice 被动句还原to 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  44. 宾语补足语 • I saw two boys fight with each other. • Two boys were seen to fight with each other. 主语补足语 46 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  45. 被动句还原to 使 役 动 词 do have/make/let + sth./sb. doing done to do get/leave + sth./sb. doing done doing keep sb./sth done 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  46. A cook will be fired if he is found __ in the kitchen. • A. smoke B. smoking • C. to smoke 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  47. My mother makes me learn English every day. I am made to learn English every day. 宾语补足语 主语补足语 48 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  48. 作状语 • to do • -ing • done 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  49. to tell (you) the truthto be honest to be frank to speak franklyto begin/start withstrange to sayneedless to say 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com

  50. to do作状语可句首可句尾, 但在句尾不可用逗号分开, only to除外 We eat to live, but not live to eat. To live we eat. We eat, to live. (错) We eat, only to live. (表示出乎意料的结果) 高分社区 bbs.gaofen.com