Historical Criticism. By Hilberto Ortiz Meléndez. What is Historical Criticism?.
By Hilberto Ortiz Meléndez
Higher criticism is used in contrast with Lower criticism (or textual criticism), the endeavor to determine what a text originally said before it was altered (through error or intent). Once lower critics have done their job and we have a good idea of what the original text looked like, higher critics can then compare this text with the writing of other authors.