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Understanding Cultures: Your Own and Others. Consensus reality of a group How we agree to create our reality Ways of thinking, feeling , speaking, acting Obvious aspects and hidden aspects Hidden aspects outnumber obvious aspects by 1000 to 1

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Understanding Cultures:Your Own and Others

  • Consensus reality of a group

  • How we agree to create our reality

  • Ways of thinking, feeling , speaking, acting

  • Obvious aspects and hidden aspects

    • Hidden aspects outnumber obvious aspects by 1000 to 1

  • High priority beliefs = values, the roots or foundation of culture


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Cultural Ties that Bind

  • Values people think are most important

  • Heroes and heroines people admire because they personify those values

  • Myths and stories about them

  • Rituals people engage in, either every day or on special occasions

  • Networks that connect people

  • Symbols everyone recognizes as shortcuts for expressing all these other elements


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Essentials of Cultural Communication

  • How we do things communicates our:

    • Beliefs and values

    • Norms – do’s and don’ts

    • Informal, unspoken rules

    • The ways we communicate include:

    • Symbols

    • Slogans

    • Metaphors

    • Myths & stories about heroes & heroines


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Essentials of Cultural Communication

  • Media Used to Communicate:

    • Networks of relationships

    • The grapevine

    • Written and electronic means

  • The Teaching/Learning Methods Used:

    • Education and Training

    • Correction and Direction

    • Role Modeling


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10 Major Cultural Differences

  • I’m controlled or I control?

    • I’m controlled

    • I control

    • Choices for control?

    • Inner problem or Situational Problem

  • Us-First or Me-First?

    • Us-first

    • Me-First

    • Key to People Interactions

    • Collectivist or individualist

    • Happiness?

    • Cut the Apron Strings or not?

    • Individual differences within a culture


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10 Major Cultural Differences

  • Tight Ties or Loose Ties?

    • Many ties that bind = Us-First

    • Loose Ties = Me-First

  • Achievement-First or People-First?

    • People-First = connecting,cooperating= feminine aspect

    • Achievement-First = focus on competition, “things” = masculine aspect


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10 Major Cultural Differences

  • Equality or Not?

    • Inequality = rank/status cultures

    • Equality = democratic cultures

  • Take Risks or Play it Safe?

    • Play it safe

    • Take risks


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10 Major Cultural Differences

  • Time: Dive-Right-In or Step-by-Step?

    • Dive-Right-In Time

    • Step-by-Step Time

  • Space – Come Close or Back Off?

    • Come close space

    • Back off space


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10 Major Cultural Differences

  • Communicating – Direct or Indirect?

    • Using go-betweens & implied messages

    • Going to the person & getting to the point

  • How We Make Money = Dependence Level

    • Agricultural Economy = dependent worldview

    • Industrial economy = independent world view

    • Post-industrial economy = interdependent worldview