Objectives • Identify important types of motor vehicle insurance coverage. • Explain factors that affect the cost of motor vehicle coverage.
What is the likelihood you will be in an automobile accident? • There are more than 12 million motor vehicle accidents annually • The typical driver will have a near automobile accident one or two times per month • The typical driver will be in a collision of some type on average of every 6 years • Crashes are the leading cause of death for ages 3-33
Even a minor accident can result in thousands of dollars in damages • Damage to your car • Damage to other cars involved • Medical Bills • Lost wages • Pain and suffering • Prosecution • Legal Fees • Fines
If you are in an accident how do you pay for it? • Bank Account? • Parents? • Rich Uncle? • Best Friend? • Insurance?
What is Automobile Insurance? • An auto insurance policy is a contract between you and an insurance company. • You pay a premium, and in exchange, the insurance company promises to pay for specific car-related financial losses during the term of the policy.
Why do I need auto insurance • It’s the law! • There are risks you can’t afford to take • What happens if… • You’re involved in a crash that causes property damage? • You hurt yourself or someone else? • Your car is damaged when you’re not driving it? (by weather, vandalism or a hit-and-run) • Your car is stolen? • Your car breaks down and needs to be towed?
What is the insurance company looking for? • Some vehicles, and some drivers, carry more risk than others • Low risks will be charged a lower premium • High risks will be charged a higher premium
What Affects Car Insurance Prices? • Age • Gender • Marital Status • Driving Record • Geographic Location • Driving Distance • Credit History • Vehicle Type • Color of vehicle does NOT affect premium • http://www.compuquotes.com/does-color-my-car-affect-my-auto-insurance-rate.html
Frequently Stolen Vehicles • The nicbcars has compiled a list of the 10 vehicles most frequently reported stolen in the U.S. in 2008. • 1994 Honda Accord • 1995 Honda Civic • 1989 Toyota Camry • 1997 Ford F150 Pickup • 2004 Dodge Ram Pickup • 2000 Dodge Caravan • 1996 Jeep Cherokee/Grand Cherokee • 1994 Acura Integra • 1999 Ford Taurus • 2002 Ford Explorer http://www.statefarm.com/insurance/auto_insurance/grndthft.asp
Discounts • Good students • Insuring more than one vehicle • Accident-free driving • Anti-theft device
Types of Automobile Insurance Coverages • Bodily Injury Liability • Covers injuries caused by a vehicle for which you are responsible • People costs (medical expenses, lost wages, pain and suffering) • Property Damage Liability • Applies when you damage the property of others • Both are types of coverage required by law in most states (including Illinois)
Illinois Motor Vehicle Insurance Coverage 20/40/15 • http://www.carinsurancerates.com/news/136-state-by-state-minimum-car-insurance-requirements.html Indicates $20,000 limit will be paid to one person in an accident Indicates $40,000 limit that will be paid to all persons in an accident Indicates $15,000 limit for payment for damage to the property of others
Types of Automobile Insurance Coverages • Medical Payments • Coverage for medical expenses of anyone injured in your vehicle • Uninsured Motorists • Covers you and your family members expenses if the at fault driver does not have coverage • Underinsured Motorists • Covers expenses when the at fault driver does not have enough coverage • Illinois is one of the few states that requires its motorists to possess uninsured/underinsured motorist insurance
Types of Automobile Insurance Coverages • Comprehensive • Compensates you for physical damage to your car, including theft, vandalism, natural disasters • Collision • Pays for damage to your vehicle in case of collision (no matter who is at fault • Both coverages require you to pay a deductible
What is a Deductible? This is the amount per accident that you pay out of pocket before insurance starts to pay Common deductible amounts are usually $250, $500, and $1000 The higher the deductible amount you pay the lower your premiums are
Automobile Insurance: Accidents Chances are even if you are never in an accident you will witness one What should you do if you are involved in an accident?
Steps to take after an accident • Help anyone who is injured • You have an ethical and legal responsibility • Notify the police • Prevent further accidents • Protect the accident scene • Record information • Exchange information with the parties involved • Take note of time, location, weather, and road conditions
Filing a Claim It is important that the accident is reported promptly to the insurance agent or company The policy will guide the insured on the correct steps to take to report the claim The company will guide the insured through the process
Filing a Claim • When you are liable for an accident • The insurance company covers the loss up to the policy limits • Your insurer represents you if you are sued • Your insurer has the right to settle any legal action without your permission • Your premium may rise • Insurer has the right to cancel your policy • If the losses exceed the policy provisions, the insured is responsible to cover the excess
What can you do to reduce risk and lower premiums? • Use your seatbelt • Turn 25 years old • Get married • Live in rural area • Drive safely • Drive an old beater • Avoid sports cars • Maintain a good credit rating • Don’t Drink and Drive • Get good grades • Move close to work • Sorry, if male, will pay higher premium