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Trade and Investment Regime - Japan’s Perspective -. (1995). ( 2011). China5%. Saudi Arabia 1%. Others 11%. Others 20%. China 21%. Australia 2%. ASEAN-10 18%. Saudi Arabia 3%. EU-27 16%. ASEAN-10 15%. Australia 4%. S. Korea 7%. EU-27 11%. USA 27%. Other Asian

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slide2

(1995)

(2011)

China5%

Saudi Arabia

1%

Others

11%

Others

20%

China

21%

Australia

2%

ASEAN-10

18%

Saudi Arabia

3%

EU-27

16%

ASEAN-10

15%

Australia

4%

S. Korea

7%

EU-27

11%

USA

27%

Other

Asian

Economies

14%

S. Korea

6%

Other

Asian

Economies

8%

USA

13%

  • ~Trade Share (2011)~
  • TPP : 27% (Australia, Brunei, Chile, Malaysia, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, USA, Vietnam,
  • Mexico, Canada)
  • RCEP : 47% (ASEAN, Australia, China, India, S. Korea, New Zealand)
  • JCK : 27%
  • EU: 11%

Source: Global Trade Atlas

slide3

Japan’s Outward Foreign Direct Investment

Japan’s Outward FDI Stock

Japan’s Outward FDI Flow (2011)

(million dollar)

Source: JETRO

3

slide4

Development of Japan’s EPA/FTA Networks

Took Effect/Signed

12 countries and 1 region

Under Study/discussion

1 country and 3 regions

Under Negotiation

5countries and 1 region

EU

Concluded scoping exercise

Turkey

Under joint study

China-Japan-Korea

Negotiation will be launched within this year

Canada

Concurred with launch of negotiations

Mongolia

Under negotiations

Republic of Korea

Negotiation suspended

TPP

Continue consultations toward participating with the countries concerned

USA

Switzerland

Took effect

in Sep. 2009

ASEAN (AJCEP)

Took effect in Dec. 2008

India

Took effect

in Aug. 2011

Columbia

Concurred with launch of negotiations

Thailand

Took effect

in Nov. 2007

Vietnam

Took effect

in Oct. 2009

Mexico

Took effect

in Apr. 2005

Revised in

Apr. 2012

GCC

Under negotiation

Malaysia

Took effect

in Jul. 2006

Brunei

Took effect

in Jul. 2008

Philippines

Took effect

in Dec. 2008

GCC : Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman

Singapore

Took effect

in Nov. 2002,

revised in Sep. 2007

Peru

Took effect

In Mar. 2012

Indonesia

Took effect

in Jul. 2008

Australia

Under negotiation

Chile

Took effect

in Sep. 2007

NZ

RCEP

Under discussion by the governments

slide6

Pluri-lateral Agreements

Pluri-lateral Agreements have the potential for creating the basis of future multilateralsystem.

  • (1) WTO Information Technology Agreement (ITA)
  • WTO/ITA was established in 1997 to eliminate tariffs on IT-related products. Currently, 75 Members participate in the agreement covering 97% of the world trade of the products concerned.
  • Backed by industry’s request, Japan and the US led to launch the negotiation on the expansion of the product coverage. In May 2012, many Members supported starting the work of the ITA expansion.
  • In September 2012, APEC Leaders agreed to swiftly achieve a good outcome of the negotiations.
  • Way Ahead
  • - Concluding the negotiation swiftly.
  • (2) A new agreementon Trade in Services (International Services Agreement : ISA)
  • A number of WTO members (currently 20 including Japan and the US) have been discussing a new agreement on Trade in Services toward high level of liberalization.
  • Being comprehensive in scope, including market access commitments that correspond as closely as possible to actual practice, providing opportunities for improved market access, and containing new and enhanced rules.
  • Way Ahead
  • - Aiming to start negotiations as early as possible.
  • (3) The Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA)
  • The ACTA was inspired by Japan’s proposal to create a new international framework against counterfeit and pirated products.
  • 8 countries including Japan and the US signed in Tokyo in October 2011.
  • Japan deposited the instrument of acceptance on October 2012 and became the first party to the ACTA.
  • Way Ahead
  • - Adding participants to the Agreement
  • - Further development of the Agreement
slide7

Resource Trade

Global Picture of Natural Gas

Russia

①Competing with Qatar in European markets

②Failed to agree with China on export price

③Seeking to expand export to Japan

after the Earthquake

USA/ Canada

① Gas production decreased in the U.S.

Had been expected to increase its LNG import

② Since then, shale gas production increased rapidly

LNG import became unnecessary

③Shale gas production further increased

Started to consider LNG export

EU

①Increased LNG import from Qatar

② Seeking new gas import routes

bypassing Russia

China

① Increased natural gas imports from Turkmenistan

② Uncompromising on prices on imports from Russia

Turkmenistan

① Increased natural gas exports to China

② Seeking new gas export routes bypassing Russia

JapanKorea

① Demand in Japan increased after the Earthquake,

②Differential between LNG import prices in Japan/Korea and gas price in the West expanded

Qatar

① Increased LNG production capacity

expecting LNG export to the U.S.

② Could not export to the U.S.

Increased exports to Europe, instead

③ Increased export to Japan after

the Earthquake.

Australia

① Supplying to Asian markets

② Expected to substantially increase its LNG supply capabilities