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FVSPS Sail Course, Class 2. What Are We Doing Today?. OTW Preliminaries (Do NOW) : - Briefing - Sign-ups In Class Schedule : - Questions/Clarification, Sail Sec. 1, 2, 6 - Basic Sailing Concepts, Procedures (some review) - Help prepare us for going sailing on OTW outing

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what are we doing today
What Are We Doing Today?

OTW Preliminaries (Do NOW):

- Briefing

- Sign-ups

In Class Schedule:

- Questions/Clarification, Sail Sec. 1, 2, 6

- Basic Sailing Concepts, Procedures (some review)

- Help prepare us for going sailing on OTW outing

- Overview, Sail Sec. 13-15

- OTW Assignment

yacht club bar song chorus
Yacht Club Bar Song, Chorus

I love to sit around the yacht club bar

and talk about the things we’re going to do.

I love to sit around the yacht club bar

because it doesn’t move.

The swells are big and the winds are high

but that don’t bother me.

Cause I never get lost and my tummy doesn’t toss

It’s a wonderful life on the sea.

yacht club bar song verse 2
Yacht Club Bar Song, Verse 2

I took her out one Sunday, we got about five miles out

The wind it was a screaming, right dead out of the south.

The waves they must have been two feet high, the swells at least one more.

I’m so lost and my tummy is tossed, I’ll never get back to the shore.

yacht club bar song chorus1
Yacht Club Bar Song, Chorus

I love to sit around the yacht club bar

and talk about the things we’re going to do.

I love to sit around the yacht club bar

because it doesn’t move.

The swells are big and the winds are high

but that don’t bother me.

Cause I never get lost and my tummy doesn’t toss

It’s a wonderful life on the sea.

basic terminology parts of a sailboat
Basic Terminology:Parts of a Sailboat
  • Any Questions?
  • Basic Keelboat, pp. 6-7
review basic terminology sails and major control lines
Review-Basic Terminology:Sails and Major Control Lines
  • Most sails have:
      • 3 corners, each with a name
      • 3 sides, each with a name
      • Basic Keelboat, pp. 28-29; Sail, p. 33
  • Halyards – To hoist sails
  • Sheets – To trim sails
  • Inspect the boats to identify halyards, sheets
review core concept in sailing
-Review-Core Concept in Sailing

How the Boat is Oriented to the Wind

Implications:

- Must keep track of wind direction.

- We need terminology to describe boat’s orientation to wind.

- Orientation of boat to the wind determines how we adjust (trim) the sails.

review orientation to the wind
-Review-Orientation to the Wind
  • Basic Keelboat, p. 15; Sail, p. 115
  • Can we sail in all directions?
  • General Terms:
      • Beating
      • Reaching
      • Running
  • Points of Sail gives us more specific terms.
review terminology for changing our heading
-Review-Terminology for Changing our Heading

Always relative to the direction of the wind:

  • “Head up”, “Heading up”, “Come up”, “Bring it up”, “Sail closer”, “A little tighter”
  • “Head down”, “Head off”, “Back off”, “Bear off”, “Bear away”, “Fall off”, “Not so close”

Basic Keelboat, pp. 16-17; Sail, Glossary

review even the sails act differently depending on the point of sail
-Review-Even the Sails Act Differently Depending on the Point of Sail

- “Pull Mode” vs. “Push Mode”

- Basic Keelboat, pp. 8-9

- Sail, p. 79, par. 37, last sentence

- Illustrate “Pull Mode”: Do Bernoulli Effect exercise with spoon under faucet.

how you trim the sails differs depending on the point of sail
How You Trim the Sails Differs Depending on the Point of Sail
  • Basic Keelboat, pp. 10-14
  • General Guidelines
    • Pull Mode
    • Push Mode
  • Using Telltales in Pull Mode
    • Basic Keelboat, pp. 40-43
turning the boat so that the wind is on the other side
Turning the Boat so that theWind is on the Other Side
  • With wind in front:
      • Tacking, or
      • Coming About
  • With wind in back:
      • Jibing
tacking coming about
Tacking (Coming About)
  • Commands:
      • Ready about? (or ready to tack?)
      • Ready!
      • Tacking (or hard alee, or helms alee)!
  • Basic Keelboat, pp. 18-19, 44-45
  • Sail, pp. 115-116
tacking videos discussion
Tacking Videos, Discussion
  • Tacking Videos - Observe: What are people doing to execute the tack?
      • Working the sheets
      • Helming
jibing
Jibing
  • Commands:
      • Ready to jibe?
      • Ready!
      • Jibe ho!
  • Basic Keelboat, pp. 20-21, 46-47
  • Sail, pp. 120-121
sailing preparation sails
Sailing Preparation - Sails
  • Basic Keelboat, pp. 30-31
  • Headsail, hank-on:
      • Hank luff to the forestay.
      • Tie jib sheets to the clew using bowline knot.
  • Headsail, roller furling: nothing
  • Mainsail:
      • Remove cover
      • Attach halyard
      • Run mainsheet (if necessary)
sail control equipment
Sail Control Equipment
  • Students Comment and Ask Questions
  • Can you Identify All of this Equipment on Our Boats?
  • Basic Keelboat, pp. 32-33
  • Sail, sec. 6
tiller steering
Tiller Steering
  • Leslie – Discuss your Experience
    • Basic Keelboat, p. 37
    • Sail, p. 13
crew positions and responsibilities overview
Crew Positions and Responsibilities: Overview
  • What might you be expected to do during OTW outings?
  • Basic Keelboat, p. 36
helmsman responsibilities
Helmsman Responsibilities

- Keep Watch (Helmsman has primary responsibility; others share the responsibility).

- Boats, Barges, Deadheads, Buoys, Shallow Water

- Stay on Point of Sail

- Sailing Downwind: Guard vs. Inadvertent Jibe

- Responding to Wind Shifts (Basic Keelboat, pp. 54-55)

- Sometimes commands Tacks/Jibes

crew responsibilities tailing and grinding
Crew Responsibilities:Tailing and Grinding

- Self-Tailing Winches vs. Non-Self-Tailing Winches

- Use of Winches, Winch Handles

- Basic Keelboat, p. 33; Sail, pp. 48-49

- Handling Working Sheet and Lazy Sheet

- Tying off Working Sheet

mainsheet trimmer responsibilities
Mainsheet Trimmer Responsibilities

- Sail Trim

- Pulling in Mainsheet prior to Jibing

- Adjust Mainsheet Traveler

other crew activities departing
Other Crew Activities, Departing
  • Remove canvas, instrument covers
  • Hank-on headsail
  • Tie/run jib sheets
  • Run main sheet
  • Attach halyards
  • Untie dock lines
  • Stow fenders
  • Close life-line gate
other crew activities returning
Other Crew Activities, Returning
  • Open life-line gate
  • Deploy fenders
  • Positioned to step quickly off onto dock
  • Tie Boat to the dock, Basic Keelboat, p. 49
  • Fold/bag headsail
  • Remove/coil jib sheets
  • Flake mainsail, stow lazy jacks
  • Stow main sheet
  • Position canvas, instrument covers
true vs apparent wind quick definition
True vs. Apparent Wind:Quick Definition

- True Wind

- Boat Wind

- Apparent Wind

- Implications for Sailing – Will consider more on another day.

steering
Steering

Tiller vs. Wheel Steering

Which Way Do I Move the Tiller?

steering issues common beginner problems
Steering IssuesCommon Beginner Problems

Over-Steering

Steering a Straight Course

Pinching – too close

Sailing “Low” – too far off

telltales overview of issues
TelltalesOverview of Issues

What are they?

How should they ideally look?

How do you know which way to turn to make them flow smoothly?

alternative ways to adjust air flow over sails
Alternative Ways to AdjustAir Flow over Sails

Helm Adjustment

Sail Trim Adjustment

Which to Do?

jib telltales
Jib Telltales

Jib Telltales –What you want to see in pull mode

jib telltales what to do when they break
Jib TelltalesWhat to Do when They Break?

- If a telltale is not flowing back, is breaking –It needs more air!

- Windward telltale is breaking? Then back off or sheet in!

- Leeward telltale is breaking, then come up or sheet out!

mainsail telltales
Mainsail Telltales

Mainsail Telltales –What you want to see in pull mode

mainsail telltales what to do when they break
Mainsail TelltalesWhat to Do when They Break?

- If a telltale is not smoothly flowing back, is breaking – Need to adjust!

- Breaking to leeward? Then come up or sheet out!

- Breaking to windward? Then back off or sheet in!

helmsman s big responsibility when sailing downwind
Helmsman’s BIG Responsibilitywhen Sailing Downwind

Preventing an Inadvertent Jibe when Broad Reaching, Running

Broad Reaching – Watch the headsail!

Running – Be even more vigilant!

slide40

Sail Book, Section 14

Sailing Upwind

upwind sailing
Upwind Sailing

What points of sail are upwind?

How can we reach a destination directly upwind?

tacking
Tacking

Commands

Procedures

helming a close haul how does it feel
Helming a Close Haul:How Does it Feel?

How does it feel when it is good?

How does it feel when too close?

How does it feel when gusts hit?

helming a close haul problems tactics
Helming a Close Haul:Problems, Tactics?

What happens when a boat keeps getting over-powered in the gusts?

What are solutions?

How to respond to:

Lift

Headers

slide45

Sail Book, Section 15

Sailing Downwind

what points of sail are downwind sailing
What Points of Sail are Downwind Sailing

What are the two obvious points of sail for downwind sailing?

How about beam reaching?

beam reaching
Beam Reaching

Not usually thought of as sailing downwind, but it is downwind of the true wind.

Speed?

Pull mode or push mode?

Use telltales?

broad reaching
Broad Reaching

Maybe most common cruising point of sail

Push mode

Do not use telltales

Note: Ques. 8, p. 109 is wrong and should include running and broad reaching.

How to trim sails on a broad reach

Danger of inadvertent jibes; Use preventer?

running
Running

Choices:

Possible Sail Configurations

Possible Choice of Sails

Broad Reaching Instead?

Danger of inadvertent jibe

Use preventer?

jibing1
Jibing

Commands

Procedures

“Chicken Jibe” Instead?

otw today
OTW Today
  • Up-dated weather briefing?
  • List of people who want to sail today
  • Assignment of people to boats will be forthcoming shortly during lunch period.
  • Any announcements from the captains?
  • OTW Assignment for today