FVSPS Sail Course, Class 2 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

fvsps sail course class 2 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
FVSPS Sail Course, Class 2 PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
FVSPS Sail Course, Class 2

play fullscreen
1 / 53
FVSPS Sail Course, Class 2
149 Views
Download Presentation
alika-porter
Download Presentation

FVSPS Sail Course, Class 2

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. FVSPS Sail Course, Class 2

  2. What Are We Doing Today? OTW Preliminaries (Do NOW): - Briefing - Sign-ups In Class Schedule: - Questions/Clarification, Sail Sec. 1, 2, 6 - Basic Sailing Concepts, Procedures (some review) - Help prepare us for going sailing on OTW outing - Overview, Sail Sec. 13-15 - OTW Assignment

  3. Yacht Club Bar Song, Chorus I love to sit around the yacht club bar and talk about the things we’re going to do. I love to sit around the yacht club bar because it doesn’t move. The swells are big and the winds are high but that don’t bother me. Cause I never get lost and my tummy doesn’t toss It’s a wonderful life on the sea.

  4. Yacht Club Bar Song, Verse 2 I took her out one Sunday, we got about five miles out The wind it was a screaming, right dead out of the south. The waves they must have been two feet high, the swells at least one more. I’m so lost and my tummy is tossed, I’ll never get back to the shore.

  5. Yacht Club Bar Song, Chorus I love to sit around the yacht club bar and talk about the things we’re going to do. I love to sit around the yacht club bar because it doesn’t move. The swells are big and the winds are high but that don’t bother me. Cause I never get lost and my tummy doesn’t toss It’s a wonderful life on the sea.

  6. Questions/ClarificationSail Sections 1, 2, 6 • Section 1 • Section 2 • Section 6

  7. Basic Terminology:Parts of a Sailboat • Any Questions? • Basic Keelboat, pp. 6-7

  8. Review-Basic Terminology:Sails and Major Control Lines • Most sails have: • 3 corners, each with a name • 3 sides, each with a name • Basic Keelboat, pp. 28-29; Sail, p. 33 • Halyards – To hoist sails • Sheets – To trim sails • Inspect the boats to identify halyards, sheets

  9. -Review-Core Concept in Sailing How the Boat is Oriented to the Wind Implications: - Must keep track of wind direction. - We need terminology to describe boat’s orientation to wind. - Orientation of boat to the wind determines how we adjust (trim) the sails.

  10. -Review-Orientation to the Wind • Basic Keelboat, p. 15; Sail, p. 115 • Can we sail in all directions? • General Terms: • Beating • Reaching • Running • Points of Sail gives us more specific terms.

  11. See Basic Keelboat, p. 15 See Sail, p. 115 -Review-Points of Sail

  12. -Review-Terminology for Changing our Heading Always relative to the direction of the wind: • “Head up”, “Heading up”, “Come up”, “Bring it up”, “Sail closer”, “A little tighter” • “Head down”, “Head off”, “Back off”, “Bear off”, “Bear away”, “Fall off”, “Not so close” Basic Keelboat, pp. 16-17; Sail, Glossary

  13. -Review-Even the Sails Act Differently Depending on the Point of Sail - “Pull Mode” vs. “Push Mode” - Basic Keelboat, pp. 8-9 - Sail, p. 79, par. 37, last sentence - Illustrate “Pull Mode”: Do Bernoulli Effect exercise with spoon under faucet.

  14. How You Trim the Sails Differs Depending on the Point of Sail • Basic Keelboat, pp. 10-14 • General Guidelines • Pull Mode • Push Mode • Using Telltales in Pull Mode • Basic Keelboat, pp. 40-43

  15. Turning the Boat so that theWind is on the Other Side • With wind in front: • Tacking, or • Coming About • With wind in back: • Jibing

  16. Tacking (Coming About) • Commands: • Ready about? (or ready to tack?) • Ready! • Tacking (or hard alee, or helms alee)! • Basic Keelboat, pp. 18-19, 44-45 • Sail, pp. 115-116

  17. Tacking Videos, Discussion • Tacking Videos - Observe: What are people doing to execute the tack? • Working the sheets • Helming

  18. Jibing • Commands: • Ready to jibe? • Ready! • Jibe ho! • Basic Keelboat, pp. 20-21, 46-47 • Sail, pp. 120-121

  19. Sailing Preparation - Sails • Basic Keelboat, pp. 30-31 • Headsail, hank-on: • Hank luff to the forestay. • Tie jib sheets to the clew using bowline knot. • Headsail, roller furling: nothing • Mainsail: • Remove cover • Attach halyard • Run mainsheet (if necessary)

  20. Sail Control Equipment • Students Comment and Ask Questions • Can you Identify All of this Equipment on Our Boats? • Basic Keelboat, pp. 32-33 • Sail, sec. 6

  21. Tiller Steering • Leslie – Discuss your Experience • Basic Keelboat, p. 37 • Sail, p. 13

  22. Crew Positions and Responsibilities: Overview • What might you be expected to do during OTW outings? • Basic Keelboat, p. 36

  23. Helmsman Responsibilities - Keep Watch (Helmsman has primary responsibility; others share the responsibility). - Boats, Barges, Deadheads, Buoys, Shallow Water - Stay on Point of Sail - Sailing Downwind: Guard vs. Inadvertent Jibe - Responding to Wind Shifts (Basic Keelboat, pp. 54-55) - Sometimes commands Tacks/Jibes

  24. Crew Responsibilities:Tailing and Grinding - Self-Tailing Winches vs. Non-Self-Tailing Winches - Use of Winches, Winch Handles - Basic Keelboat, p. 33; Sail, pp. 48-49 - Handling Working Sheet and Lazy Sheet - Tying off Working Sheet

  25. Mainsheet Trimmer Responsibilities - Sail Trim - Pulling in Mainsheet prior to Jibing - Adjust Mainsheet Traveler

  26. Other Crew Activities, Departing • Remove canvas, instrument covers • Hank-on headsail • Tie/run jib sheets • Run main sheet • Attach halyards • Untie dock lines • Stow fenders • Close life-line gate

  27. Other Crew Activities, Returning • Open life-line gate • Deploy fenders • Positioned to step quickly off onto dock • Tie Boat to the dock, Basic Keelboat, p. 49 • Fold/bag headsail • Remove/coil jib sheets • Flake mainsail, stow lazy jacks • Stow main sheet • Position canvas, instrument covers

  28. True vs. Apparent Wind:Quick Definition - True Wind - Boat Wind - Apparent Wind - Implications for Sailing – Will consider more on another day.

  29. Sail Book, Section 13 Helmsmanship

  30. Steering Tiller vs. Wheel Steering Which Way Do I Move the Tiller?

  31. Steering IssuesCommon Beginner Problems Over-Steering Steering a Straight Course Pinching – too close Sailing “Low” – too far off

  32. Responding to Changesin Apparent Wind Gusts Lift Header

  33. TelltalesOverview of Issues What are they? How should they ideally look? How do you know which way to turn to make them flow smoothly?

  34. Alternative Ways to AdjustAir Flow over Sails Helm Adjustment Sail Trim Adjustment Which to Do?

  35. Jib Telltales Jib Telltales –What you want to see in pull mode

  36. Jib TelltalesWhat to Do when They Break? - If a telltale is not flowing back, is breaking –It needs more air! - Windward telltale is breaking? Then back off or sheet in! - Leeward telltale is breaking, then come up or sheet out!

  37. Mainsail Telltales Mainsail Telltales –What you want to see in pull mode

  38. Mainsail TelltalesWhat to Do when They Break? - If a telltale is not smoothly flowing back, is breaking – Need to adjust! - Breaking to leeward? Then come up or sheet out! - Breaking to windward? Then back off or sheet in!

  39. Helmsman’s BIG Responsibilitywhen Sailing Downwind Preventing an Inadvertent Jibe when Broad Reaching, Running Broad Reaching – Watch the headsail! Running – Be even more vigilant!

  40. Sail Book, Section 14 Sailing Upwind

  41. Upwind Sailing What points of sail are upwind? How can we reach a destination directly upwind?

  42. Tacking Commands Procedures

  43. Helming a Close Haul:How Does it Feel? How does it feel when it is good? How does it feel when too close? How does it feel when gusts hit?

  44. Helming a Close Haul:Problems, Tactics? What happens when a boat keeps getting over-powered in the gusts? What are solutions? How to respond to: Lift Headers

  45. Sail Book, Section 15 Sailing Downwind

  46. What Points of Sail are Downwind Sailing What are the two obvious points of sail for downwind sailing? How about beam reaching?

  47. Beam Reaching Not usually thought of as sailing downwind, but it is downwind of the true wind. Speed? Pull mode or push mode? Use telltales?

  48. Broad Reaching Maybe most common cruising point of sail Push mode Do not use telltales Note: Ques. 8, p. 109 is wrong and should include running and broad reaching. How to trim sails on a broad reach Danger of inadvertent jibes; Use preventer?

  49. Running Choices: Possible Sail Configurations Possible Choice of Sails Broad Reaching Instead? Danger of inadvertent jibe Use preventer?

  50. Jibing Commands Procedures “Chicken Jibe” Instead?