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Tuesday January 7, 2014
Board Mariano Marissa Kylie Napthali Lucas David Karrena Angie Jannett Jonathan Danielle Destiny Kacey Chris Isabelle Samone Block 1 Matt Desiree Elizabeth Elias Teo Nate Jesse Arlene Elijah Acsa Chloe Sandra Steven
Board Jenny Faith Chris Jabbaar Molly Valentin Josiah Lukas Nic Gigi Luis Donald Jayda Alex B. Raul Victoria Block 2 Ashley Elizabeth IcsesAdria Isabel Fernando Sara Josh Stephanie Parker Icses Damian Amber
Board Sabrina Daisy Jesse Jesus Jordan Jimmy Adilene Alyssa Anthony Josh Mac Allyson Angel Maria Liz Julia Block 3 Daniel Brenda Danny Frank Ashley Sam Rosa Stephanie Cesar
Board Miguel Moses CieraAizeck Isabella Elijah Alejandra Erik Colby Yasmin Bobby Amy Savvy Tina Sandra Christina Block 6 Ashley Elizabeth IcsesAdria Demi Ben Antonio Andrew Jr. Quintin
19th Century What do you know about it? What was going on during this time? Which era was taking place? What were some major events that took place?
Progressive Era 1895 – 1917 (start of WWI) American women earn the right to vote in 1918 Jazz music becomes very popular Filmmaking becomes very popular Accessibility to tobacco and alcohol The point is . . . Social change was happening fast!
19th Century American Literature • Muckraking and Reform • Journalistic Phenomenon • The “literature of exposure” • Magazines are the primary medium, followed by newspapers • Focus on failures of government and corporations • Primary targets of muckrakers: • Child labor, exploitation of minorities by government and corporations, meat processing industry, photography of Jacob Riis depicting the crime and disease
Jacob Riis Born in Ribe, Denmark in 1849 Immigrated to New York in 1870 at 21 years old. Initially, he was unable to find work, so he lived in police lodging houses, begging for food. After three years of doing odd jobs, he landed a job as a police reporter with the New York Evening Sun. He worked in the poorest, most crime-ridden areas of the city. These were generally neighborhoods where immigrants lived in deplorable tenement houses. He is considered one of the fathers of photojournalism.
Jacob Riis How the Other Half Lives inspired then police commissioner Theodore Roosevelt to close the police lodging houses as the conditions were so poor. One of the things that Jacob Riis recognized was the need for parks and open spaces. The overcrowded tenement neighborhoods were unhealthy and helped breed crime. Riis said, “Bad boys and bad girls are not born but made . . . They are made bad by environment and training. The children must have room to play.” He was called “New York’s most useful citizen.”
How the Other Half Lives In the 1890s, many people in the middle and upper class society were unaware of the dangerous conditions in the slums among poor immigrants. He blamed the apathy of the middle and upper classes for the conditions of the New York slums, and assumed that as people were made more aware of these conditions they would be motivated to help eradicate them.
Visual RhetoricWhy is it important? We use visual thinking as a major part of our cognition. We live in a visually dominating world! We must be able to read, dissect, and produce effective visuals.
The Goal The goal of rhetorical analysis is to demonstrate your understanding of how the piece communicates its messages and meanings. Often, you are not looking to place a value judgment on the piece, and if there is an implicit or implied argument you may not be ultimately taking a side.
Let’s recall . . . Before break, we talked about how images present arguments. What were the ways?
With your photos . . . 1. Each member at your table should choose one of Riis’s photos. 2. “Read” the photo and create a brief list of possible titles for the photo. Once you have done so, trade with another person in your group and repeat with the other pictures. 3. Once you have each come up with your lists of possible titles, discuss what you came up with and WHY. Be specific and back up your claim with evidence based on your knowledge. Be ready to share!
Exit Ticket Why is visual rhetoric important? How did Riis use his photos to present an argument? Write using your knowledge of the three persuasive appeals and the goal(s) of the muckrakers. MAKE SURE TO WRITE IN COMPLETE SENTENCES. IF YOU FAIL TO DO SO, I WILL AUTOMATICALLY MARK IT A 0 AND RETURN IT TO YOU.