short story elements n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Short Story Elements PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Short Story Elements

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 18

Short Story Elements - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Short Story Elements. Setting, Character, Theme, Conflict, Point of View, and Plot. Setting. The setting is the time and location in which a story takes place

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

Short Story Elements

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
short story elements

Short Story Elements

Setting, Character, Theme,

Conflict, Point of View, and Plot

  • The setting is the time and location in which a story takes place
  • There are several aspects of a story’s setting to consider when examining how setting contributes to a story: place, time, weather conditions, social conditions, mood or atmosphere
  • Place - geographical location
  • Time – when the story is taking place (historical period, time of day, year, etc.)
  • Weather Conditions – is it raining, sunny, stormy, etc
  • Social Conditions – what is the daily life of a character like, does the writing focus of speech, dress, mannerisms, customs, etc.?
  • Mood or Atmosphere – what feeling is portrayed, bright and cheerful or dark and frightening?
  • There are two meanings for the word character:

1) the person in a work of fiction

2) the characteristics of a person

  • Persons in a work of fiction
  • Antagonist and Protagonist
  • Protagonist is the character at the center of the story with all the major events having some importance to this character
  • Antagonist is the opposer of the main character
  • The characteristics of a person
  • In order for a story to seem real, the characters must seem real
  • The author must show the character is several ways
    • His/her physical appearance
    • What he/she says, thinks, feels, and dreams
    • What he/she does or does not do
    • What others say about him/her and how others react to him/her
  • Characters are…
    • Dynamic – many sided personalities that change, for better or worse, by the end of the story
    • Static – stereotype, have one or two characteristics that never change and are emphasized (brilliant detective, drunk, scrooge, cruel stepmother, etc.)
  • Theme is the story’s controlling idea or central insight. The author’s underlying meaning or main idea that he is trying to convey.
  • The title usually points to what the writer is saying and may use various figures of speech to emphasize the theme (symbol, allusion, simile, metaphor, hyperbole, or irony).
  • Common themes from literature, film and TV
    • Things are not always what they seem
    • Love is blind
    • Believe in yourself
    • People are afraid of change
    • Don’t judge a book by its cover
  • Conflict is essential to the plot, without it there is no story
  • It is the opposition of forces which ties one incident to another and makes the plot move
  • There are two types of conflict
    • External – a struggle with a force outside one’s self
    • Internal – a struggle within one’s self; a person must make some decision, overcome pain, quiet their temper, resist an urge, etc.
  • There are four kinds of conflict
    • Man vs. Man (external) – a character struggles against another character (verbal or physical)
    • Man vs. Nature (external) – a character struggles against fate, weather, animals, etc.
    • Man vs. Society (external) – main character struggles against ideas, practices, or customs of other people
    • Man vs. Himself/Herself (internal) – main character struggles with themselves; with their own soul, ideas of right or wrong, physical limitations, choices, etc.
point of view
Point of View
  • Defined as the angle from which a story is told
    • Innocent Eye - the story is told through the eyes of a child (their judgment being different from that of an adult)
    • Stream of Consciousness – the story is told so that the reader feels as is they are inside the head of one character and knows all their thought and reactions
point of view1
Point of View
  • First Person – the reader sees the story through this person’s eyes as he/she experiences it and only knows what that character knows and feels (uses pronouns I, me, we, etc.)
  • Third Person - told by a narrator who is merely conveying a story, but not a character of any kind within the story being told (uses he, she, it, or they; but never as I or we [first-person], or you [second-person])
point of view2
Point of View
  • Limited Third Person - storytelling in which the narrator knows only the thoughts and feelings of a single character, while other characters are presented externally
  • Omniscient - author can move from character to character, event to event, having free access to the thoughts, feelings and motivations of his characters and he introduces information where and when he chooses
  • Author arranges events to develop his basic ideas
  • Planned, logical series of events having a beginning, middle, and end
  • Exposition, Rising Action, Climax, Falling Action, and Resolution
  • Climax is a three-fold phenomenon
    • Main character receives new information
    • He/she accepts this information (realizes it but does not necessarily agree with it)
    • Then character acts on this information (makes a choice that will determine whether or not he/she gains his objective)
  • Ms. Engram
  • fiction writing