chapter 5 3 safe operations and safety management
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Chapter 5.3 Safe operations and safety management

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 23

Chapter 5.3 Safe operations and safety management - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 125 Views
  • Uploaded on

Chapter 5.3 Safe operations and safety management. Risks of hazardous waste management. Site safety recommendations. Plant layout Operating procedures and systems of work Plant safety and training officer Training of operators Housekeeping and maintenance Operator hygiene

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Chapter 5.3 Safe operations and safety management' - alicia


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
site safety recommendations
Site safety recommendations
  • Plant layout
  • Operating procedures and systems of work
  • Plant safety and training officer
  • Training of operators
  • Housekeeping and maintenance
  • Operator hygiene
  • Emergency procedures
  • Safety analysis
  • Worker protection

TRP Chapter 5.3 3

plant layout
Plant layout
  • Need careful design of:
    • Process flow lines
    • Storage areas
    • Work spaces
  • Create restricted areas

TRP Chapter 5.3 4

Source: Safe hazardous waste management systems ISWA 2002

operating procedures and systems of work
Operating procedures and systems of work
  • Standardisation of operating procedures:
    • Working procedures for every function
    • Tested and regularly reviewed/revised
    • Set out in manual
    • Employees informed
    • Use of procedures required and monitored

TRP Chapter 5.3 5

plant safety and training officer
Plant safety and training officer
  • Medium and large companies should appoint an officer responsible for:
  • conducting regular safety audits
  • identifying deficiencies in operating procedures
  • ensuring that operators are properly trained and equipped
  • Small businesses may not be able to justify the appointment of a full time officer, but could designate someoneon a part time basis

TRP Chapter 5.3 6

training of operators
Training of operators
  • Experienced personnel should undertake training
  • Training should cover:
    • Working procedures
    • Safety precautions
    • Emergency procedures
    • Any changes in waste or procedures
  • Training should be:
    • Supported by written material for later reference
    • Regularly updated
    • An ongoing process, not a single event

TRP Chapter 5.3 7

housekeeping and maintenance
Housekeeping and maintenance
  • Need schedules for regular:
    • cleaning
    • maintenance
  • Good housekeeping involves simple but important procedures to keep areas clean and tidy
  • Maintenance programme helps prevent unexpected failures

TRP Chapter 5.3 8

operator hygiene
Operator hygiene
  • Operators must observe basic rules of hygiene:
  • remove dirty overalls/work clothes before leaving site
  • use washing/shower facilities before leaving the site
  • avoid eating in work areas
  • keep hands away from the face at all times, minimising risk of eye contact or ingestion of chemicals

TRP Chapter 5.3 9

emergency procedures
Emergency procedures
  • To ensure prompt and appropriate response, site-specific emergency procedures should:
    • be in place
    • be regularly practised
    • be displayed at relevant points
    • include plans for site evacuation
  • Emergency equipment should:
    • include fire fighting & first aid materials
    • be in good condition
    • be frequently checked

TRP Chapter 5.3 10

safety analysis
Safety analysis

To identify possible malfunctions and their consequences

  • Problem characterisation
  • Identification of potential hazards and failure modes
  • Quantification of probability of occurrences
  • Quantification of possible consequences
  • Assessment of the range of risks
  • Recommendations for hazard mitigation, improved safety and emergency response

TRP Chapter 5.3 11

safety goals
Safety goals
  • Individual risk for nearest neighbours
  • Collective risk for community
  • Occupational risk for employees

TRP Chapter 5.3 12

identification of failure cases
Identification of failure cases
  • The check list method
  • The hazard and operability study
  • The fault-tree analysis

TRP Chapter 5.3 13

safety procedures for personnel
Safety procedures for personnel
  • Individuals at most risk: hazardous waste handlers
    • Risks greater if workers are careless or untrained, or working conditions poor
  • Safety procedures needed for all aspects
  • Information needed for all personnelon:
      • risks involved with different types of waste
      • routes of exposure
      • methods of avoidance
      • emergency measures
      • consequences of not following safety procedures
      • their own responsibilities

TRP Chapter 5.3 14

training
Training
  • Experienced personnel should give training
  • Training should cover:
  • Working procedures
  • Safety precautions
  • Emergency procedures
  • Any changes in waste or procedures
  • Training should be:
  • Supported by written material for later reference
  • Regularly updated
  • An ongoing process, not a single event

TRP Chapter 5.3 15

worker accidents
Worker accidents

Nature of injury caused by accidents in hazardous waste collection and transport (n=38)

Source:PÄIVI RAHKONEN, Work safety in waste collection and transport of hazardous wastes, 1992

TRP Chapter 5.3 16

accident prevention general guidelines
Accident prevention - general guidelines
  • Smoking should be prohibited
  • Hazardous waste should be identified as soon as possible so that it can be classified correctly
  • An emergency shower and telephone should be provided
  • Containers should be kept tightly closed
  • Packaging material should have low moisture absorption
  • Heavy articles should be stored on a firm base
  • Employees should not work alone
  • Different kinds of hazardous wastes should be stored in different containers
  • A refrigerator or cold room should be provided in summer to prevent wastes overheating

TRP Chapter 5.3 17

transport accident prevention guidelines
Transport accident prevention - guidelines
  • Brake must be set and the engine turned off
  • Appropriate hazard and warning labels should be used
  • No smoking, drugs or alcohol
  • All tailgates, closures and the cargo must be secured
  • Provide telephone at the collection & delivery points, in truck
  • Drivers should not exceed a set number of hours per day
  • Protective clothing & equipment should be used if necessary
  • Trucks should be provided with first-aid equipment and an appropriate fire extinguisher for the load, and training should be provided for its use
  • Earthing of equipment helps avoid explosions resulting from static electricity

TRP Chapter 5.3 18

medical surveillance
Medical surveillance
  • Personnel working with hazardous waste should be given regular medical examinations to check:
    • Overall fitness and strength
    • Heart condition
    • Pulmonary function

They should be provided with:

  • Immunisation programme
  • Good nutrition
  • First aid equipment & antidotes to toxic substances

TRP Chapter 5.3 19

environmental monitoring
Environmental monitoring
  • Air monitoring
  • Surface and groundwater quality (WHO Guidelines for Drinking Water – 1993)
  • Soil sampling

Plus:

  • good housekeeping
  • prompt clean up of spills

TRP Chapter 5.3 20

worker protection
Worker protection
  • Basic requirement:
    • gloves
    • overalls
    • hard hats
    • safe footwear
  • Additional equipment:
    • safety glasses
    • long sleeves
    • long trousers
    • chemical gloves
    • chemical resistant overalls
    • face protection

TRP Chapter 5.3 21

respiratory protection
Respiratory protection

A primary health and safety consideration

Two hazard groups:

  • Oxygen deficiency
  • Air contamination (by particulates, vapours, gases or a combination)

Two basic types of respirators:

  • Air purifying (APR)
  • Atmosphere supplying (ASR)

TRP Chapter 5.3 22

chapter 5 3 summary
Chapter 5.3 Summary
  • Hazardous waste management has inherent risks
  • Safe operations and safety management require systems to address:
    • Plant layout
    • Operating procedures and systems of work, including housekeeping and maintenance
    • Training of operators eg in operator hygiene, use of protective clothing
    • Emergency procedures
    • Accident prevention
    • Environmental monitoring

TRP Chapter 5.3 23

ad