Presentation to Children’s Administration CW Supervisors March 19, 2009 Lyman Legters and George Gonzalez Casey Family Programs. Disproportionality in the Child Welfare System. Opening Comments Definitions/National Data/History of Disproportionality in Child Welfare
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March 19, 2009
Lyman Legters and George Gonzalez
Casey Family Programs
Over-or-under-representation of children of color under age 18 in foster care compared to their representation in the general population (Race Matters Consortium).
Disparate or inequitable treatment, services and outcomes for children of color as compared to those provided and experienced by similarly situated Caucasian children (Race Matters Consortium).TERMINOLOGY
A social outcome measure that occurs when the distribution of society’s resources, opportunities, and burdens are not predictable by race (Aspen Roundtable).
The many factors that work to produce and maintain racial hierarchies and inequities in America today which includes:
National history, values and culture;
Public policies, institutional practices and cultural stereotypes (Aspen Roundtable).TERMINOLOGY
Children of color constitute one-third of the King County child population, but make up more than one half of all children currently in foster care in King County.
African American and Native American children are over-represented at nearly every decision point in the child welfare system, and the disparities increase the deeper you go in the system.
Multi-racial children and children of “other” races are over-represented at a few decision points in the systemWhat the King County Data Shows
1 Katz, M., R. Hampton, et al. (1986). Returning children home:clinical decision making in cases of child abuse and neglect. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 56 (2):2530262
2 English, D.M., Brummel, S., and Orme, M. (1995). A preliminary examination of similarities and differences in the assessment of risk for different ethnic groups. Olympia, Washington, Office of Children’s Administration Research, Washington State Department of Social and Health Services: 18.
1 Hill, R. (2001). Disproportionality of Minorities in Child Welfare: Synthesis of Research Findings. Washington, D.C., Westat: 30.
2 Barth, R. P., M. Courtney, et al. (1994). Timing is everything: an analysis of the time to adoption and legalization. Social Work Research 18(3).
1Berrick, J. D., R. P. Barth, et al. (1994). "A comparison of kinship foster homes and foster family homes: implications for kinship foster care as family preservation." Children and Youth Services Review 16(1/2): 33-63.
3 Stenho, S. (1982). Differential treatment of minority children in service systems. Social Work 27, 39-45.
There is no higher incidence of abuse or neglect in any racial or ethnic group.
We must assume that any higher rate of referral must be the result of something else….Thomas Morton Child Welfare Institute of America’s 1999 Study of National Child Welfare Data
Children of Color are not in the System because of Higher Rates of Abuse or Neglect by their Families
Impact of disparities in other areas: education, health care, mental health, and criminal justice
What are your impressions of the concepts presented regarding racial and ethnic identity?
What are the top points highlighted that you want to address when you get back to work?
How can you further integrate racial and ethnic identity work with youth I your organization?Knowing Who You Are
What questions are there?
Some resources to shareOpen Discussion
“We can no longer afford to step softly around this problem; we must be willing to wake up and awaken others to confront institutional and individual issues that perpetuate disproportionality.”
BSC Framework for Change, p. 2Our Collective Work Continues…
Casey Family Programs
“. . . there are few things in the world as dangerous as sleepwalkers.”
Ralph Ellison, Invisible Man, p. 5Our Collective Work Continues…
Casey Family Programs