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AQUARIUM. Dr.Karkar H.S Department of Zoology S.M.Joshi College Hadapsar Pune

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AQUARIUM. Dr.Karkar H.S Department of Zoology S.M.Joshi College Hadapsar Pune

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  1. AQUARIUM. Dr.Karkar H.S Department of Zoology S.M.Joshi College Hadapsar Pune

  2. AQUARIUM • Introduction • An Aquarium, as seen in the picture, is a tank wherein all water creatures such as fishes, rocks that fishes need for shelter, plants that they used as food and many more. • An aquarium can be used in many purposes. Some used aquariums for different marine purposes and others used it as decors in their house.

  3. AQUARIUM Introduction The term was coined by an English naturalist named Philip Henry Goose combines the Latin root aqua, meaning water with the suffix -arium, meaning "a place for relating to". - The first public aquarium was created and stocked by Philip Henry Gosse at the London Zoo in 1853.

  4. AQUARIUM ♦ Types of Aquariums Coldwater Tropical Reef Tank Fish Only Aggressive Community

  5. AQUARIUM ♦ Types of Aquariums Freshwater < > '1 • A freshwater aquarium is a receptacle that holds one or more freshwater aquatic organisms for decorative, pet-keeping, or research purposes.

  6. AQUARIUM ♦ Types of Aquariums Freshwater ( Coldwater ) • Coldwater aquariums house goldfish and other species that do not require a heating apparatus.

  7. AQUARIUM ♦ Types of Aquariums Freshwater ( Tropical water ) • tropical fish tank, maintaining a warm environmental temperature ranging j^ between 75 to 80 °F ' (24 to 27 °C) enables the fish to thrive.

  8. AQUARIUM ♦ Types of Aquariums Freshwater ( Tropical water ) • tropical fish tank, maintaining a warm environmental temperature ranging j^ between 75 to 80 °F ' (24 to 27 °C) enables the fish to thrive.

  9. AQUARIUM ♦ Types of Aquariums □ Tropical water - Aggressive type tanks

  10. AQUARIUM ♦ Types of Aquariums □ Tropical water - Aggressive type tanks Barbs and semi-aggressive tetras, such as the black skirt, silver dollar, serpae and red-eye tetras, should not be kept with other fish with long, flowing fins. These brightly colored schooling fish add movement and color to aquariums. Most species are recommended for beginning aquarists.

  11. AQUARIUM ♦ Types of Aquariums □ Tropical water - Community type tank

  12. AQUARIUM ♦ Types of Aquariums □ Tropical water - Community type tank 1. The community tanks house species will get along well with the other species in the tank. 2. For freshwater community tanks, there are large numbers of species that make successful community fishes. Most of the livebearers, barbs, tetras, rasboras, danios, and rainbow fishes are peaceful, though a few species are fin nippers, most notably tiger barbs and serpae tetras. Angelfishes, gouramis, and corydoras catfishes are also popular, though angelfish are predatory and will eat very small fish such as neon tetras and livebearer fry. If neon tetras are kept around fish unlikely to take advantage of their small size, they are very peaceful towards other fish.

  13. AQUARIUM Types of Aquariums □ Tropical water - Community type tank Community aquaria are tanks that are designed to contain more than one species of fish. Most commonly they include a variety of species that do not normally occur together in nature, for example angelfish from Brazil, swordtails from Mexico, and gouramis from South East Asia. The aim of such communities is to bring together fish that are compatible in temperament and water requirements, while using their different colours and behaviours to add interest and entertainment value.

  14. AQUARIUM ♦ Types of Aquariums □ Salt Water

  15. AQUARIUM ♦ Types of Aquariums □ Salt Water Saltwater fish and plant life are accustomed to living in the vast space of the ocean. Therefore, a sizable tank is necessary to accommodate the type of fish that will live in a saltwater aquarium. Tanks can be found in pet stores and specific fish stores. Previously-owned saltwater aquariums are also available on the market for less than brand new tanks.

  16. AQUARIUM ♦ Types of Aquariums □ Salt Water Keeping a saltwater aquarium means maintaining a fairly strict maintenance schedule to keep the life inside healthy. The water in saltwater aquariums requires regular testing for a variety of minerals and chemical balances. Figuring out the right feeding schedule and amount for your fish is a task that needs attention when you first stock your aquarium and when the population changes.

  17. AQUARIUM ♦ Types of Aquariums □ Salt Water - Reef Tank • is a marine environment designed specifically to suit the growth of coral.

  18. AQUARIUM ♦ Types of Aquariums □ Salt Water - Fish Tank FO system is typically described as a saltwater aquarium that contains just that, only fish, it is not unusual to also have some algae and detritus eating crustaceans and snails present (compatible to the fish you are keeping only ). No live corals and other sessile or motile invertebrates but instead decorative type rocks, natural dried or synthetic pieces of coral, sea shells, artificial plants_and other such items are used. www.lnstantReef.com

  19. AQUARIUM ♦ Types of Aquariums □ Brakish tank Combination between saltwater and fresh aquarium for fish that prefers to have some salinity in their water without a full marine environment.

  20. AQUARIUM ♦ Types of Aquariums □ Planted Tank • c lcu)uuiium.cuHi • can be freshwater, brackish or marine in nature though they are focused on growing plants. The plats tanks can feature fish and other living creature.

  21. AQUARIUM Filtration System Filtration: Mechanical Biological Chemical Types: Wool, sponge Ceramics, Charcoal, zeolite sponges, rocks (SURFACE AREA!!) Stocking Density: Purpose: Remove large Removes fish Removes odors, particulate waste waste products discoloration, toxins, and some waste products

  22. AQUARIUM Calculating Stocking Density Fish Stock Calculator: Metric Units Enter your values. Click "Solve" for results. Fish Stock Calculator U.S. Units (Scroll down for Metric Units) Enter your values. Click "Solve" for results.

  23. AQUARIUM • Materials Water Tanks, this will be the place where we will put all the set ups in a aquarium. This will filled with water and designs of the aquarium

  24. AQUARIUM The substrate for a fish only aquarium serves the purpose of providing a surface for the beneficial bacteria to build colonies. With today’s filter technology, the size of the gravel doesn’t actually matter, but it is recommended to use a finer gravel if bottom feeders are home in the tank. The substrate should be about 2 - 2.5 inches in height, or roughly 10 pounds of substrate for approximately 150 square inches of tank surface.

  25. AQUARIUM • Materials Artificial plants are maintenance free. They don't require special lightning, substrates, supplements, and pruning. The same artificial plants can be used in both fresh and saltwater tanks. You can choose any plant you like and place it anywhere your wish. If you don't like its placement, just move it to a new location. Once you buy the plants, you will never have to spend money on them again, ones.

  26. AQUARIUM Materials Aquarium Gravel has three main functions for use in the aquarium fish tanks. First, it can either act as a substrate for the growth of live aquarium plants, it can also be used as a filter media for undergravel filter and finally the presence of gravel as decoration will enhance the beauty of the aquarium.

  27. AQUARIUM • Materials The fish will serve as the living thing and the whole aquarium is its home.

  28. AQUARIUM • Materials Air pumps introduce oxygen into our tropical fish tanks through airline tubing and airstones. This increased oxygen in the form of air bubbles release carbon dioxide from the aquarium water. The increased oxygen benefits all aspects of your home aquarium. Live plants, beneficial bacteria, and your tropical fish will thrive with high oxygen levels in their water.

  29. AQUARIUM • Materials Methylene Blue is effective against superficial fungal infections of fish. The drug may be used as an alternative to Malachite Green for the control of fungus when it is known that the fish to be treated are sensitive. Methylene Blue is safe for use with fish eggs and fry for the prevention of fungal infections. As a secondary use, it is effective against some external protozoans, such as Ichthyophthirius (Ich), Chilodonella and Costia.

  30. AQUARIUM • Methodology

  31. AQI Methodology Add water to the tank. Setup Equipments (including the light and the oxygen tank.) V_.

  32. JARIUM

  33. AQUARIUM Methodology Wait for your Aquarium to go under nitrogen cycle.

  34. AQUARIUM • Methodology Add at least 1 or 2 fishes in the aquarium.