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FAMILY - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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FAMILY. A family is a social institution that oversees the bearing and raising of children. Is a kinship group that consists of two or more people who consider themselves related by blood, marriage, or adoption. Family of orientation -- family into which a person is born.

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Presentation Transcript
family
FAMILY
  • A family is a social institution that oversees the bearing and raising of children.
  • Is a kinship group that consists of two or more people who consider themselves related by blood, marriage, or adoption.
  • Family of orientation -- family into which a person is born.
  • Family of procreation -- family in which people have or adopt children of their own.
slide2
Marriage -- Legally recognized union between two or more people that involves sexual and economic rights and duties and is expected be enduring.
  • Aspects of marriage
    • Legal
    • Economic
    • emotional
    • sexual
    • Political
marriage patterns
Marriage Patterns
  • Endogamy -- marriage between people of the same social category
  • Exogamy -- marriage between people of different social groups.
  • Monogamy -- marriage form that involves two partners.
  • Hypergamy-- marrying into a higher class
slide4
Polygamy -- marriage uniting three or more peoples.
  • Further divided into two:

a) Polygyn --marriage uniting one male and two or more females.

b) Polyandry -- marriage uniting one female with two or more males.

  • Sweden has the most egalitarian marriage system. There is equality between spouses
slide5
Arranged marriages are prevalent where:

a) newly weds become part of the extended family

b) where wealth is exchanged

c) where elders have lots of power

slide6
Families of affinity -- people with or without legal or blood relation who feel they belong together and define themselves as family.
  • Extended family -- includes parents, children, also other kin. Also known as consanguine family.
  • Nuclear family-- one or two parents and their children.
slide7
Residential Patterns
  • Patrilocality -- married couple live with or near their husbands family
  • Matrilocal --married couple live with or near their wife’s family
  • Neolocal -- married couple lives apart from both spouses families.
slide8
Descent -- system of tracing kinship over generations.
  • Patrilineal descent -- trace kinship through males
  • Matrilineal descent -- trace kinship through females.
  • Bilateral descent -- trace kinship through both females and males.
  • All families in the world are patriarchal.
theoretical analysis of the family
Theoretical Analysis of the Family

Structural Functional Analysis

  • The institution of the family performs certain functions:
  • Socialization
  • Regulation of sexual activity through incest taboos.
  • Social placement
  • Material and emotional security
slide10
Social Conflict Analysis
  • Family structure promotes inequality through:
  • Property inheritance – perpetuate class inequality
  • Family is generally patriarchal – enhances gender inequality.
  • Endogamous marriages perpetuates racial and ethnic inequality
slide11
Social Exchange Theory
  • People enter into social relationships in which they exchange rewards.
divorce
Divorce

GROUP WORK

  • Discuss the reasons why divorce rate is high in the U.S.
  • Who are the greatest losers in a divorce situations? Why?