The Cold War. 2 Superpowers: USA vs. USSR. 1945-1991. USSR wants to spread communism all over Eastern Europe USSR refuses to give up its portion of Germany (& of Berlin ) Germany becomes 2 countries East – Communist West – Democratic Berlin was also divided East – Communist
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At the Yalta Conference, the “Big 4” – Soviet Union, USA, France and Great Britain – decide what they will do with Germany once the war ends.The Big 4 divide up Germany
The Soviet Union annexed several surrounding countries. Winston Churchill called it an “IronCurtain” to describe the separation of Europe
HELP THEY’RE CONTAINING ME!
1. The Soviet Union created a blockade (blocking railroads and trucks) around Berlin to keep supplies from coming into the democratic part of Berlin. They hoped to force the Allies to give up control of Berlin to the Soviets.
In 1961, Krushchevbuilt a wall that separated Communist East Berlin from the rest of the city.