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International Conference & Expo-2014 Food Security Situation in Pakistan AN OVERVIEW

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International Conference & Expo-2014

Food Security Situation in Pakistan



Food Security

  • “Food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life.”
  • World Food Summit, 1996

Transitory and chronic food insecurity

  • Transitory food insecurity can change in a short period of time, such as due to production situation, price changes, disaster etc
  • Chronic food insecurity is relatively stable over certain period of time as reflected in stunting, poverty, etc.
  • An area often facing transitory food insecurity can be chronically food insecure
  • An area which is chronically food insecure can quickly face food security crisis under shocks (natural or man-made)

How to assess/monitor



Assessing food security – main indicators/methods

  • Food consumption score
  • Dietary diversity
  • Percentage share of expenditure on food
  • Terms of trade
  • Household food stock
  • Coping strategy
  • % of people below recommended caloric intake
  • Acute malnutrition using MUAC
  • Integrated food security phase

Pakistan Context – national availability

  • Pakistan is producing sufficient staple food for its population
  • Also exporting food (wheat, rice, livestock, fruits...)
  • However, there are significant geographic variations in food security, and also situation can change quickly with time

Some facts related to food security and nutrition situation in Pakistan

  • Analysis of HIES (2010-11) dataset shows that 54% of the households have inadequate caloric consumption (less than 2100 Kcal/person/day)
  • Pakistan has a global acute malnutrition (GAM) rate of 15.1% (a value above 15% is considered an emergency level by WHO)
  • LRA-2012 found a GAM rate of 18-20% in flood affected districts of Baluchistan and Sindh
  • About 43% of the children under the age of five are stunted (too little height for their age) – indication of chronic under-nutrition
  • Food security and nutrition indicators seem to have deteriorated in recent years

Food security and nutrition situation in Pakistan….contd

  • NNS (2011) revealed that in Pakistan:
  • 41.9 percent of the HH were food insecure at national level
  • 28.4 were food insecure, without hunger
  • 19.8 were food insecure, with moderate hunger
  • 9.8 were food insecure, with severe hunger
  • Rural HH were more food insecure (60.6%) compared to urban HH (52.4%)

The problem

  • Economic and social access (due to rising prices, stagnant incomes, energy problems, social vulnerabilities)
  • Food utilization/absorption (education, hygiene and sanitation, care practices)
  • Vulnerabilities to natural disasters and insecurity in parts of the country
  • Pakistan thus has a problem of both acute and chronic food insecurity