History of Fire Fighting. United States. In 1631 Boston's governor John Winthrop outlawed wooden chimneys and thatched roofs.
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In the UK, the Great Fire of London in 1666 set in motion changes which laid the foundations for organized firefighting in the future. In the wake of the Great Fire, the City Council established the first fire insurance company , "The Fire Office", in 1667, which employed small teams of Thames watermen as firefighters and provided them with uniforms and arm badges showing the company to which they belonged.
The first organized municipal fire brigade in the world was established in Edinburgh, Scotland, when the Edinburgh Fire Engine Establishment was formed in 1824, led by James Braidwood. London followed in 1832 with the LondonFire Engine Establishment.
On April 1, 1853, the Cincinnati, Ohio (USA) Fire Department became the first full-time paid professional fire department in the United States, and the first in the world to use steam fire engines.
The first horse-drawn steam engine for fighting fires was invented in 1829, but not accepted in structural firefighting until 1860, and ignored for another two years afterwards. Internal combustion engine fire engines arrived in 1907, built in the United States, leading to the decline and disappearance of steam engines by 1925.
Today, fire and rescue remains a mix of paid, call, and volunteer responders. Many but not all urban areas are served by large, paid, firefighting teams