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Unit 2 Outline. Chapter 5 (1 week) Sections 1-3 normal Fast Section 4 (Just Guided Reading/Quiz) Skip Section 5 Chapter 6 (1 week +) All Sections 1-4 (Shortened 2) Chapter 7 (3-4 days) All Sections; Shortened Test/Quiz Chapter 8 (Skimmed)

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Unit 2 outline
Unit 2 Outline

  • Chapter 5 (1 week)

    • Sections 1-3 normal

    • Fast Section 4 (Just Guided Reading/Quiz)

    • Skip Section 5

  • Chapter 6 (1 week +)

    • All Sections 1-4 (Shortened 2)

  • Chapter 7 (3-4 days)

    • All Sections; Shortened Test/Quiz

  • Chapter 8 (Skimmed)

    • Just Guided Reading Worksheets and Quizzes turned in for test grade

  • Chapter 9 (Skipped)

    • Read Chapter in brief (pg.235) complete guide to essentials

  • Unit Test

Bell work monday
Bell Work: Monday

  • Get books

  • Get notes/worksheets for Ch. 6

  • Chapter 5/6 test Friday

What are the 2 long term trends of suffrage in the u s
What are the 2 long term trends of suffrage in the U.S.?

  • Suffrage (franchise means the same)

    • The right to vote

  • Gradual elimination of several restrictions on the right to vote

    • Restrictions like religion, property, race/sex

  • Expansion of the Federal Govts. Control over voting (gradually took this from the states)

5 stages in the growth of the electorate voter population
5 stages in the growth of the Electorate (voter population)

  • Early 1800s

    • Elimination of religious testing, property ownership, and tax payment restrictions

  • Post Civil War

    • 15th Amendment: no longer denial based on race/color

      • States continued to get around this

  • 19th Amendment

    • Prohibited the denial of vote based on sex.

    • Ratified in 1920

5 stages in the growth of the electorate voter population1
5 stages in the growth of the Electorate (voter population)

  • 1960s Civil Rights Acts

    • Federal legislation and court decisions helped secure African Americans a full role in voting

  • 1971: 26th Amendment

    • No state could set voting age limit above 18

Restrictions placed on the states by the constitution
Restrictions placed on the states by the Constitution

  • Voters can vote in all elections

  • States cannot deny vote based on race/color

  • States cannot deny vote based on sex

  • State cannot require payment of any tax as a condition to vote

  • State cannot deny vote to anyone at least 18

Universal voting requirements in u s
Universal Voting Requirements in U.S.

  • Every State requires that any person who wants to vote must satisfy 3 universal factors

    • Citizenship

      • Must establish self as member of U.S.

    • Residence

      • Must be a legal resident of that state

    • Age

      • No state may set minimum age above 18

Other qualifications
Other Qualifications

  • Registration

    • Procedure of voter identification intended to prevent fraudulent voting

  • Literacy (no longer used)

    • Used in past as a discouraging method for certain groups

  • Tax payment (no longer used)

    • Poll Tax: tax payment in order to vote

Lesson closing
Lesson Closing

  • L-J #3 (20-40)

  • Work on Section 1 Guided Reading and Review and Section 2 Essentials

  • Answer any open vocabulary on notes

  • Finish up any of Chapter 5 Guided Essentials

    • This is where you answer 2 ?s at bottom in complete sentences

  • Finish any other worksheets


  • Bell Work

    • Grab books and notes

    • Have L-J Sheet ready

  • L-J #4 (30-50)

What is the 15 th amendment
What is the 15th Amendment

  • Declared the right to vote cannot be denied on account of race.

  • This right continued to be denied by southern states through a variety of tactics.

Some of the tactics used by southern states choose any four
Some of the tactics used by Southern States (Choose any four)

  • One of most important weapons was violence

    • Along with subtle threats and social pressures

  • Literacy Tests

    • One of most effective at disenfranchising African Americans

    • Often manipulated by white officials

  • Poll Taxes

    • Tax used to discourage lower socio-economic African Americans

  • Gerrymandering

    • Drawing electoral district lines in order to limit the voting strength of a particular district

  • White Primaries

    • Political parties were defined as private associations.

    • They could therefore exclude African Americans from voting in primaries

    • So African Americans were excluded from an important part of the election process

Significance of early civil rights
Significance of early Civil Rights four)

  • 1957

    • Set up U.S. Civil Rights commission

      • Job is to look into voter discrimination claims

    • Also gave attorney general power to seek court orders to prevent the interference of voter rights

  • 1960

    • Set up the appointment of federal voting referees

    • Basically given the power to help qualified people register and vote

  • 1964 (Most effective of 3)

    • Most importantly forbids use of any voter registration or literacy requirement in an unfair way.

    • Uses injunctions; which when violated amounts to contempt of court.

Voting rights act of 1965
Voting Rights Act of 1965 four)

  • Provisions

    • Made 15th amendment truly effective

    • Finally applied to all elections; local, state, and federal

    • Provided for Pre-clearance (prior approval of new election laws by Dep. Of justice

  • Effects

    • Finally ended discrimination in voting process

    • Ensured African American Suffrage

Lesson closing1
Lesson Closing four)

  • L-J #5

  • Due at End of Period

    • Answers to Questions on 160/161

  • Finish up any worksheets

  • Finish up any open vocabulary

  • Pick up review

Bell work wednesday
Bell Work: Wednesday four)

  • Open Books to 164:

    • Read “Why people do not vote” 165-168:

      • Read brief parts of each section

  • Dice Rolling L-J #7

  • Get books and notes

  • Period 7 Wait for me to show you attachment

    • Chart

Voter turnout
Voter Turnout four)

  • U.S.?

    • Voter turnout is extremely low in the U.S. and is continuing to be a problem

    • Around 50% voter turnout; over 100 million not voting

  • Size of the Problem

    • Election Years are seeing around 50% voter turnout

    • How are off-year elections?

      • Significantly down; 30-40% voter turnout for even more local elections.

Why do people not vote
Why do people not vote? four)

  • Time and intelligence are no longer excuses in the voting process

  • “Cannot-voters”

    • Make up around 20% of non-voters (20-30 mill)

    • Simply cannot vote for some reason

      • 500,000 in mental health care system

      • 5-6 million b/c too ill or physically disabled to vote

      • 10 million resident aliens (prohibited from voting)

Why do people not vote1
Why do people not vote? four)

  • Actual “non-voters”

    • 2004 saw 80 million non voters who could have

    • “Indifference Ideal” = don’t think it would make a difference (two types)

      • General Agreement: believe in system no matter who is in charge the country will continue on similar path

      • General Apprehension: No trust for political institution, view elections as meaningless and choice less exercises

Why do people not vote2
Why do people not vote? four)

  • Factors that influence turnout

    • Boring/tedious procedures

      • Registration, long ballots, and long lines at polls

    • Time zone factor

      • Eastern/central time zones close before others and can often show what outcome may already be

    • Comes down to a lack of interest

Why do people not vote3
Why do people not vote? four)

  • Comparison

    • Voters

      • Higher levels of income, education, and occupation

      • Long-time residents, comfy w/in community and strong party identification

    • Non-voters

      • Younger, unmarried, and unskilled

      • Live in south and rural areas

Sociological factors in voting
Sociological Factors in voting four)

  • These are not universal as characteristics can apply to many people, these are generalizations

  • Income/Occupation

  • Education

  • Gender, Age

    • Gender Gap: Differences in partisan choices by gender.

  • Religion/Ethnicity

  • Geography

  • Family

Psychological factors
Psychological Factors four)

  • Must also look at the voters perceptions of politics. How they look at parties, issues, candidates

  • Party Identification

    • Loyalty of people to a particular political party

    • Most important/telling factor on how a person will vote

    • Weakening today w/ increase in split-ticket voting and independent voters

  • Candidates and issues also play a short term role in voter choice

Lesson closing2
Lesson Closing four)

  • L-J #8 Dice Roll

  • Video: “Voters Roll”

    • Work on Worksheets during

  • Review Time

  • Test Friday

    • Work-day tomorrow