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Chapter 2.3. New Centers of Civilization. What was the most significant cultural invention of the Phoenicians?. The Phoenician Alphabet. simplified their language by using 22 different signs to represent the sounds of their speech.

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chapter 2 3

Chapter 2.3

New Centers of Civilization

the phoenician alphabet
The Phoenician Alphabet
  • simplified their language by using 22 different signs to represent the sounds of their speech.
  • letters could be combined to spell all the words in the Phoenician language.
  • This alphabet was adopted by the Greeks
why were some of the phoenicians economic accomplishments
Why were some of the Phoenicians economic accomplishments?
  • built ships and became great international sea traders
  • created a commercial empire that spread to the Atlantic
  • Produced and traded: glass, lumber, tin, ivory, metalworks, purple dye
the israelites
The Israelites

King Salomon

The First Temple

The Second Temple

how did the jews religion make them different from other people of their time and place
How did the Jews’ religion make them different from other people of their time and place?
  • believed in one god (monotheistic)
  • did not worship forces of nature
  • would not take on beliefs of other people
  • would not obey rulers who threatened their beliefs
explain the importance of moses to hebrew history and religion
Explain the importance of Moses to Hebrew history and religion.
  • under his leadership …
  • descendents of Abraham became a Nation,
  • left Egypt (the Exodus – 1300 B.C.)
  • transmitted a set of laws from God (the Ten Commandments)
  • after 40 years in the Sinai Desert …
  • led his people to the land of Israel (a land promised by God to the descendents of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob
moses
Moses

Moses

The Ten Commandments